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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Community action toolkit: a guide to advancing sex education in your community

    The community action toolkit provides tools needed to become knowledgeable about sex education, build support in state or community, work to implement sound policies, and institute or defend effective sex education programs that support and affirm young people’s rights to honest information. The toolkit is designed to serve as a resource for all advocates whether they are students, parents, teachers, school administrators, health professionals, youth-serving professionals, policymakers, or concerned community members.

  2. State of the art diagnosis on comprehensive sexuality education: final report

    This report presents the results of fieldwork that was conducted for the UNFPA-commissioned project State of the Art Diagnosis on Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) in Suriname. The Right to Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) is inherent in various human rights agreements and political declarations, which establish the right of young people to education and information about sexuality, sexual and reproductive health and HIV. …

  3. Educating women about HIV/AIDS: some international comparisons

    This paper describes current trends in the HIV/AIDS epidemic. It looks at issues and strategies involved in educating women about HIV/AIDS in the context of the global pandemic, focusing particularly on Canada and Vietnam. These strategies are essential steps in preventing the spread of HIV and in caring for those who have already developed AIDS. …

  4. Sex and HIV education

    Most states today have a policy requiring HIV education, usually in conjunction with broader sex education. Meanwhile, as debate over the relative merits of abstinence-only-until marriage versus more comprehensive approaches has intensified, states have enacted a number of specific content requirements. This brief summarizes state-level sex and HIV education policies, as well as specific content requirements, based on a review of state laws, regulations and other legally binding policies.

  5. International networking for sexuality education: a politically sensitive subject

    In 2007, six countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay) commenced work on a project to harmonise public policy on school sexuality education (SE) and the prevention of HIV. Inter-sectoral management committees for SE involving ministries of education, ministries of health and civil society were established, national policies and work plans were formulated and implemented, and SE/HIV prevention activities were carried out. The strengths and weaknesses of implementation were assessed. …

  6. School health nutrition and HIV and AIDS policy

    The aim of this School Health and Nutrition and HIV Prevention is to promote and facilitate the implementation of health and nutrition programming and HIV Prevention throughout the education sector in Guyana. This policy applies to all students, teachers, non-teaching staff, managers, employers, and other providers of education and training in all public and private, formal and non-formal educational institutions and in all parts of the education sector of Guyana.

  7. Evaluation of the implementation of the Ministerial Declaration preventing through education from commitment to action; advances in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Since 2010, IPPF/WHR has published an evaluation of progress towards achieving the Ministerial Declaration (MD). The evaluation tool, developed by IPPF/WHR and Demysex in consultation with experts in the field, uses the MD commitments as a benchmark to analyze progress towards ensuring youth sexual and reproductive health and rights. …

  8. Education and HIV/AIDS—30 years on

    Education has long been identified as having a key role to play in reducing HIV-related risk and vulnerability, and in mitigating the impact of the epidemic on affected individuals and communities. This article reflects on progress over a 30-year period with respect to older and more emergent forms of education concerning HIV and AIDS: treatment education, education for HIV prevention, and education to encourage a positive and supportive community response. It points to a number of priorities for the future. …

  9. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on education: report of an IIEP seminar

    This document is a synthesis report on a workshop on the impact of HIV/AIDS on education that was held at the IIEP in December 1993. The introductory part of the report gives a brief description of the international context and summarizes an overview of the possible impact of HIV/AIDS on education. Chapter II presents the findings of the research on policy responses to the impact on education in a number of selected developing countries, and Chapter III , the findings of the studies at the micro level in Eastern Africa. …

  10. Sexuality education for HIV prevention in Latin America and the Caribbean: a regional diagnosis

    More than 25 years since the discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), preventing its transmission continues to be a challenge throughout the world; Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are not an exception. The Government of Mexico has called upon the countries of the region to sign a joint Declaration from the Ministries of Education and Health with the firm commitment to utilize a comprehensive sex education approach as a strategic tool for HIV prevention. …

  11. School-Based Sexuality Education: The Issues and Challenges

    This article discusses the controversy and challenges that surrounded providing sex education in the U.S., including the Franklin Country (North Carolina) school board ordering the removal of textbook chapters dealing with sexual behavior, contraception, HIV/AIDs, and STIs from 9th graders health textbooks, and the state requirement to promote abstinence until marriage. It discusses the abstinence only movement and reviews efforts to undermine sexuality education dating back to the 1960s, while also providing the teachers' perspectives and difficulties faced. …

  12. HIV Prevention Education and HIV-Related Policies in Secondary Schools -- Selected Sites, United States, 2006

    People engaging in risky behavior are at risk for contracting HIV infection. Health education programs in schools can reduce the prevalence of such behaviors among students. School policies on HIV can also protect the rights of HIV-infected students and staff and reduce the odds of transmission to others. This report analyzed School Health Profiles from 2006 across 36 states and 13 urban school districts in the U.S. …

  13. Sex Education and AIDS Education in the Schools: What States and Large School Districts Are Doing

    In the majority of states, sex education is mandatory or strongly recommended in public schools. Forty-eight states and most of the large school districts across the country support sex education, including about STIs and abstinence. Fewer districts and states make education on pregnancy prevention mandatory. Larger school districts cover a broader range of sex-related topics, especially related to preventing pregnancy, than state curricula. Such districts also provide greater support to instructors through curricula provision, training and other activities, than do states. …

  14. Draft monitoring and evaluation framework for a comprehensive HIV and AIDS response in the Caribbean education sector

    Caribbean countries are increasingly implementing comprehensive responses to the HIV and AIDS epidemic in the education sector, following the Port-of-Spain and Roseau Declarations in the mid-2000s and guided by frameworks such as Health-Promoting Schools, Child-Friendly Schools, and the EDUCAIDS model. The elements of a comprehensive response differ slightly depending on the model. …

  15. Health and family life education policy

    Health and Family Life Education, a comprehensive life-skill programme, is the chosen vehicle for HIV and AIDS prevention including both knowledge and skill acquisition. Its primary focus is to increase the awareness of children and youth, in formal and non-formal sectors of the fact that the choices they make daily will profoundly influence their health and personal development. …

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