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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The efficacy of HIV and sex education interventions among youths in developing countries: a review

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among youths represent an important public health challenge in developing countries. The incidence of HIV peaked in the 1990’s and saw a decline from 2005. What was done to prompt the decline? To answer this question selecting studies between 1990 and 2005 was appropriate to assess whether the drop in HIV incidence in developing countries was as a result of education interventions. …

  2. Charting the course of education and HIV

    More than three decades after the identification of the virus, HIV continues to affect millions of people worldwide even though infection rates are down in a number of countries. From the beginning, the education sector has played a central role in responding to HIV. However, its role and the contribution of school-based HIV education has been the subject of much debate. This book provides an overview of how the role of the education sector and approaches to HIV education have evolved over time. …

  3. Mapping HIV services and policies for adolescents: A survey of ten countries in sub-Saharan Africa

    PEPFAR and USAID, in collaboration with UNICEF, supported AIDSTAR-One in conducting a mapping activity to identify HIV policies and services for adolescents in 10 sub-Saharan African countries: Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. This technical report summarizes AIDSTAR-One’s findings and is a resource for program planners and policymakers working to improve services and policies for HIV prevention, care, and treatment among adolescents and ALHIV in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  4. Effectiveness of peer education interventions for HIV prevention in developing countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Peer education for HIV prevention has been widely implemented in developing countries, yet the effectiveness of this intervention has not been systematically evaluated. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of peer education interventions in developing countries published between January 1990 and November 2006. Standardized methods of searching and data abstraction were utilized. Merged effect sizes were calculated using random effects models. Thirty studies were identified. …

  5. 2011-2012 education sector HIV and AIDS global progress survey: Progression, regression or stagnation?

    The 2011-2012 Global Progress Survey (GPS) is a 39 country survey of HIV and AIDS policy and programmes in the education sector. This report highlights key findings from the GPS to provide a picture of how countries’ education sectors are responding to HIV and AIDS, what progress has been made since the 2004 Global Readiness Survey, as well as pointing out the main policy implications of the current situation. …

  6. Spotlight on Gender: Evidence-Based Approaches to Protecting Adolescent Girls at Risk of HIV

    Despite decades of investment in HIV prevention, a large and vulnerable population—that of adolescent girls—remains invisible, underserved, and at disproportionate risk of HIV. Given the changing shape of the epidemic and the leveling off or shrinking of resources, there is an urgent need to rebalance HIV investments between treatment and prevention and to develop evidence-based approaches for protecting the large and vulnerable populations of adolescent girls who remain at risk of HIV. This paper outlines a stepwise engagement process for improving girls’ lives and reducing their HIV risk.

  7. ¿Qué sirve mejor en la enseñanza sobre la sexualidad y el VIH?

    Los programas educativos sobre la sexualidad y el VIH tienen varias metas: disminuir los embarazos no planeados, reducir las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS) incluyendo la del VIH y mejorar la salud sexual de los jóvenes. Algunos de los numerosos factores que influyen en la conducta sexual y el uso de protección entre los adolescentes tienen poco que ver con las relaciones sexuales, por ejemplo: la crianza en una comunidad desfavorecida, la falta de apego a los padres o el fracaso escolar. …

  8. Updated stocktaking report: education sector responses to HIV and AIDS

    This report updates a preliminary stocktaking review of research on HIV and AIDS in the education sector carried out by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) in September 2008, and commissioned by the United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education. The purpose of the initial and updating stocktaking exercises is to expand the evidence base on education and HIV and AIDS, and to identify gaps and ways of complementing and building on existing research. …

  9. Indicators for education sector HIV response programmes: a review of existing resources

    Over the past decade, the education sector has played an increasingly important role in the multi-sectoral response to HIV and AIDS. The priority placed on the education sector's response is based on evidence that the "social vaccine" of education contributes to knowledge and personal skills essential for the prevention of HIV, and protects individuals, communities and nations from the impact of AIDS. …

  10. HIV/AIDS and Education Resource Materials: TWO - HIV/AIDS and Education Action Strategies

    This compilation of publications is focused on action strategies for HIV/AIDS and Education that involve governments, NGOs, private donors and the education sector initself.

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