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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV Beyond Goal 3: Interconnections between HIV, human rights and sustainable development

    World leaders have committed to ending AIDS through a new framework for action: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the Sustainable Development Goals. Ending AIDS is now part of a broader health goal (SDG 3): Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages; however, the AIDS response must also focus on gender equality, human rights, economic empowerment and education. Interconnectivity actoss the SDGs is critical to the goal of ending AIDS. This paper outlines the interconnections between certain SDG targets, human rights laws and how HIV is linked to these. …

  2. Human rights and the HIV response: a rapid assessment of human rights violations in the context of HIV, in the Eastern and Southern Africa region, and a review of current approaches to protecting and promoting human rights for an effective HIV response

    Key populations, specifically people who sell sex (PWSS), people who inject drugs (PWID) and lesbian, and gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people experience significant human rights violations which underpin the continued high HIV incidence in these populations. This rapid assessment of human rights violations in Eastern and southern Africa focuses on three priority key populations – PWSS, LGBTI (including MSM), and PWID. The report outlines the normative international treaties that establish a basis for a human rights framework for the HIV response.

  3. The gender and human rights analysis of the national multisectoral strategic HIV and AIDS framework 2009-2014

    This document presents the blueprint of renewed and revitalised commitment to gender and human rights mainstreaming within the National Multisectoral Strategic HIV and AIDS framework of 2009 to 2014. It is about moving from the rhetoric on gender, human rights and HIV and AIDS to operationalising gender mainstreaming in all the sectors. As such this handbook should be read together with the National Multisectoral Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS. It addresses the interconnectedness of HIV and AIDS response and addresses gender inequalities. …

  4. Maisha Bora: A peer education manual on reproductive health, STI, HIV and AIDS focussed on strengthening values, reforming attitudes, imparting knowledge and developing life skills

    This manual has various sections aimed at: Providing information about Reproductive Health, STI, HIV and AIDS, in a youth-friendly experiential way; Helping young people explore their values and understand themselves, their sexuality and reproductive health; Enabling peers to acquire skills and reform their attitudes in a way that will influence them to make healthier, safer life choices as well as encourage positive behaviour change; Providing information for youth > 15, sexually active youth and married youth about the correct and consistent use of condoms that are coupled with information a …

  5. Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine

    Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine is a document developed by EngenderHealth with the support of UNFPA. This research identified some interesting trends across the three countries and some issues unique to each setting that need to be considered in strategic planning efforts to improve HIV-positive women's and adolescent girl's access and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services. …

  6. Male Homosexual Identities, Relationships, and Practices among Young Men Who have Sex with Men in Vietnam: Implications for HIV Prevention

    This qualitative study examines local identities, relationships, and sexual practices among young MSM aged 15-24 in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city of Vietnam. The analyses were based on 26 in-depth interviews and 10 focus group discussions with young MSM recruited through public place intercepts and cruising areas. The report documents the linguistic classification, sexual relationships and behaviors, identity and process of homosexual identification, and the potential linkage between sexual identity and sexual behaviors of MSM in Vietnam. …

  7. Operational plan for UNAIDS Action Framework: Addressing Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV

    This Operational Plan (2010-2014) supports the implementation of the UNAIDS Action Framework: Addressing Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV. The Action Framework was developed in response to the pressing need to address the persistent gender inequality and human rights violations that put women and girls at greater risk and vulnerability to HIV, and threaten the gains that have been made in preventing HIV transmission and increasing access to anti-retroviral treatment. …

  8. Learning About Healthy Living - An Activity Manual for Outreach Workers

    Learning About Healthy Living - An Activity Manual for Outreach Workers is a document developed by Family Health International in Lao PDR and funded by USAID in 2007. The manual illustrates the experiences of outreach workers in Lao PDR. It provides clear guidance for conducting prevention education activities with women (sex workers). It also shows how complex Reproductive Health and HIV prevention information can be successfully presented by outreach volunteers who, in many cases, develop their own materials. …

  9. Project GLOW, Health and Life Planning Skills Curriculum

    Project GLOW, Health and Life Planning Skills Curriculum is a curriculum document developed in 2008 by PATH (Program for Appropriate Technology in Health), Mercy Corps and the Liangshan Yi For Empowerment (LYFE) Center on Project GLOW (Giving Leadership Opportunities to Young Women) with support from the Nike Foundation. The document is prepared for facilitators so they can equip and empower Yi adolescent girls with the life skills, health, and economic options necessary to cope and move beyond the challenges of urban migration and the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic. …

  10. Revised national strategic plan II for a comprehensive and multi-sectoral response to HIV/AIDS 2008-2010

    The National Strategic Plan for a Comprehensive and Multisectoral Response to HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP II) was originally developed in 2005. This revised version of the NSP II covers the remaining three years (2008-2010) and concerns an update. The revised NSP II is part of the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) for 2006-2010, which in turn supports the Royal Government's Rectangular Strategy for the development of Cambodia. The NSDP gives highest priority to poverty reduction and progress towards reaching the Cambodia Millennium Development Goals (CMDG) targets by 2015. …

  11. Strategic plan for the national program in the fight against AIDS 1999 - 2002

    The process for the formulation of this Strategic Plan against STIs/HIV/AIDS for 2000 - 2002 began in July 1998 with a seminar that involved ministerial representatives, NGOs, churches and private and public corporations. Having identified points of contact in the different sectors mentioned above, three other meetings were conducted. This meeting was the last step in this multi-sectorial and multi-disciplinary involvement. …

  12. Gender and risk of HIV in Ghana and Uganda

    Using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data for Ghana and Uganda, this study examines the gender differentials in perceptions of HIV risk in the two countries, which have been hit by the HIV epidemic in a different way, as in Ghana the epidemic has just started. It identifies factors associated with high or low risk of HIV infection by using logistic regression methodology. Principal findings include strong gender differentials in perceptions of risk, especially in Uganda; women felt at greater risk of HIV infection than men. …

  13. Women: meeting the challenges of HIV/AIDS

    The brochure summarizes the possible approaches in promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women as they are fundamental elements in the reduction of the vulnerability of women and girls to HIV/AIDS. The suggestions include promoting health and access to service; empowering women to make decisions in relations to sexual and reproductive health; promoting human and equal rights of women; increasing women's access to income-generating activities; providing care and support to HIV-positive women, their children a, partners and families, etc.

  14. Moments in time: HIV/AIDS advocacy stories

    This collection of stories highlights some of the key advocacy moments of our time as told from the unique perspective of those who are engaged in advocacy work in communities around the world. In all, 16 different advocacy organizations are profiled in this manual. Although the stories focus on HIV/AIDS, the advocacy models are applicable to other settings and other issues. The selected advocacy stories are those working within and among the following constituent groups: women, people living with HIV/AIDS, and faith-based organizations. …

  15. Turning the tide: CEDAW and the gender dimensions of the HIV/AIDS pandemic

    There is now at last a growing recognition that women's disempowerment is largely responsible for the speed at which HIV/AIDS has spread in countries across the world, for the unconscionably high death toll, and for the devasting impact the disease is having on affected communities. Women are not increasingly represented among the vulnerable, infected and affected simply because they are women but because of the discrimination and inequality that distorts and impairs virtually every aspect of their lives.

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