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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Investigating risky sexual behaviours among youth in the context of the HIV epidemic in Mbeya region, Tanzania

    Mitigating HIV and AIDS among youth has been a major policy agenda both internationally and nationally, within Tanzania. Two concerns associated with mitigation efforts are increasing sexual activity at young ages and a burgeoning population of out-of-school youth whom poverty, lack of supervision, and unemployment seem to push into alternative life patterns that present risks to their health. This situation poses a serious challenge for Tanzania, where half the population is categorised as young.

  2. The Health of educators in public schools in South Africa

    The provision of good quality education in public sector schools in South Africa is intrinsically linked to the health, wellbeing and productivity of educators employed in this sector. …

  3. Nationales Programm: HIV und andere sexuell übertragbare Infektionen (NPHS) 2011-2017

    Das Nationale Programm HIV und andere sexuell übertragbare Infektionen (NPHS) 2011-2017 beschreibt die Strategie zur Prävention sowie zur Diagnose und Behandlung von HIV und anderen STI. Es basiert auf der gesetzlichen Grundlage des Epidemiengesetzes. Der Schwerpunkt der Strategie liegt auf besonders gefährdeten Gruppen und auf bereits Infizierten und ihren Partnerinnen und Partnern. Die Strategie fokussiert darauf, die Bevölkerung auf die Gefährdung der sexuellen Gesundheit zu sensibilisieren und sie zu deren Erhalt sowie zum Schutz vor sexuell übertragbaren Infektionen zu befähigen.

  4. Gender assessment of the national response to HIV/AIDS in Nigeria

    The assessment, aimed at understanding gender dynamics critical for successful implementation of HIV and AIDS programmes in Nigeria, is to complement the National Strategic Plan (NSP) 2010-2015. Findings will be used to strengthen and consolidate existing HIV and AIDS control efforts at all levels and contribute to the implementation of the NSP and PCRP (President's Comprehensive Response Plan for HIV/AIDS in Nigeria).

  5. Know Your HIV/AIDS epidemic from a gender perspective: Rwanda Report

    Decades of research from around the world has demonstrated that gender inequality negatively affects a range of health outcomes for adults, and gender inequality has been recognized as a key driver of the worldwide HIV epidemic. Managers at the national and subnational levels need information on the intersection of gender and HIV to address gender in the planning and implementing of HIV programs. Policy makers need information on interventions that are effective in accounting for gender inequities for decision making on national and global levels. …

  6. Implementation of adolescent-friendly voluntary medical male circumcision using a school based recruitment program in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    Background: Epidemiological data from South Africa demonstrate that risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in males increases dramatically after adolescence. Targeting adolescent HIV-negative males may be an efficient and cost-effective means of maximising the established HIV prevention benefits of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in high HIV prevalence–, low circumcision practice–settings. This study assessed the feasibility of recruiting male high school students for VMMC in such a setting in rural KwaZulu-Natal. …

  7. Risk factor or social vaccine? The historical progression of the role of education in HIV and AIDS infection in sub-Saharan Africa

    Numerous epidemiological studies from the early years of the tragic HIV and AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa identified formal education as a risk factor increasing the chance of infection. Instead of playing its usual role as a preventative factor, as has been noted in many other public health cases, until the mid-1990s educated African men and women had a higher risk of contracting HIV than their less educated peers. This led to ambivalent policy about the efficacy of education as a possible social vaccine against new infections in this region. …

  8. Opportunity in crisis: preventing HIV from early adolescence to young adulthood

    This newly released report, published by UNICEF with UNAIDS, UNESCO, UNFPA, ILO, WHO and the World Bank, describes the state of the epidemic in young people, the evidence for effective responses that address behavioural, social and structural challenges and prevent new HIV infections in young people. Country-specific data is shared.

  9. Manual de adesão ao tratamento para pessoas vivendo com HIV e aids

    Com tiragem inicial de 10 mil exemplares, o Manual de Adesão ao Tratamento para pessoas vivendo com HIV e Aids material será distribuído para as os serviços e ONG que prestam assistência a pessoas vivendo com HIV/aids. A proposta é que esta publicação seja usada por profissionais que trabalham com este tema, com o objetivo de que as atividades em adesão extrapolem a compreensão focada apenas nos medicamentos e ampliem suas ações - de forma compartilhada com os usuários - para fora dos espaços tradicionalmente utilizados. …

  10. Reducing HIV Infection in Young Women in Southern Africa: The Key to Altering Epidemic Trajectories in a Generalized, Hyperendemic Setting

    This paper gives an overview of the HIV prevention battle in Southern Africa and supports the development of more balanced and innovative HIV prevention portfolio that adresses the real, immediate, and substantial risk facing young women from sub-Saharan African countries.

  11. Etude sur l'intégration du genre dans les programmes de lutte contre le SIDA

    Cette étude sur l'intégration du genre dans les programmes de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA est une étude évaluative menée auprès des institutions oeuvrant dans le secteur de la lutte contre le SIDA au Rwanda. Les institutions évaluées sont celles du secteur public, privé, ainsi que le secteur communautaire et les structures organisationnelles. …

  12. UNAIDS Outlook report 2010 supplement: young people are leading the HIV prevention revolution

    Young people are leading the prevention revolution by taking definitive action to protect themselves from HIV. A change is happening among young people across the world, especially in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Waiting longer to become sexually active, young people have fewer multiple partners and there is an increased use of condoms among those with multiple partners. And HIV prevalence among young people is dropping in many key countries. The impact - HIV prevalence among young people is falling in 16 of the 21 countries most affected by HIV. …

  13. Gênero e prevenção das DST/AIDS

    Este documento é uma versão da consultoria solicitada pela Unidade de Prevenção da Coordenação Nacional de DST/AIDS (CN-DST/AIDS) em junho de 2001, para subsidiar diretrizes para a prevenção de DST/AIDS em mulheres, com um enfoque de gênero. O trabalho tomou como ponto de partida o documento Diretrizes e Políticas de Prevenção e Controle de DST/AIDS em Mulheres (1997), elaborado pelo grupo de trabalho constituído pela CN-DST/AIDS para aprofundar este tema. …

  14. Reporte del Monitoreo de las Metas de UNGASS en Salud Sexual y Reproductiva - México 2007

    Informe de organizaciones de la sociedad civil mexicana (también conocido como "informe sombra"), previo al informe UNGASS 2008. La situación del VIH y sida en México, los problemas y desafíos y la respuesta de las autoridades y la sociedad civil frente a la epidemia.

  15. Monitoreo metas UNGASS en Salud Sexual y Reproductiva, Chile 2008

    El presente documento contiene una contextualización del escenario chileno, contemplando los principales indicadores de crecimiento económico, salud sexual y reproductiva, así como la situación actual de la epidemia VIH/SIDA. Luego se señalan los objetivos generales y específicos, así como los aspectos metodológicos. Posteriormente se presentan los resultados del estudio, donde primero se describen los contenidos de cada meta y los indicadores propuestos para su evaluación. …

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