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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Step up the pace: towards an AIDS-free generation in West and Central Africa

    The West and Central Africa region has one of the world’s highest HIV burdens among children and adolescents, second only to that of Eastern and Southern Africa. Yet, due to its lower HIV prevalence rate, the epidemic has received less attention than in other regions. …

  2. Local government responses to HIV/AIDS: a handbook. A Handbook to support local government authorities in addressing HIV/AIDS at the municipal level

    This handbook has been written for local government authorities (LGA) mayors, councilors, advisors and officials that are interested in developing or strengthening local responses to HIV/AIDS. It provides information, examples, and illustrative tools (surveys, checklists, modules, etc.) that guide users through the steps of recognizing and publicly acknowledging the importance of addressing HIV/AIDS, assessing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the locality, and identifying key stakeholders to initiate and coordinate a Local Government (LG) HIV/AIDS Response Strategy. …

  3. Brazilian policy on addressing AIDS: Results, progress and perspectives

    A resposta programática às DST/aids entra em um novo ciclo de desenvolvimento da epidemia, com taxas de prevalência relativamente baixas na população geral, em contraste com prevalências mais elevadas em subgrupos populacionais em situação de maior vulnerabilidade, o que exige o aprimoramento das estratégias de vigilância, prevenção, assistência e tratamento. …

  4. Political declaration on HIV/AIDS: Intensifying our efforst to eliminate HIV/AIDS

    Implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS.

  5. Guidance document: Developing and operationalizing a national monitoring and evaluation system for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

    While a number of countries have developed a national response plan for OVC, and the OVC M&E Guide (Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation of the National Response for Children Orphaned and Made Vulnerable by HIV/AIDS) provides specific indicators to monitor and evaluate the national response, national OVC monitoring systems remain weak in most countries. …

  6. Intensifying HIV prevention: UNAIDS policy position paper

    El objetivo primordial del documento es activar y movilizar la intensificación de la prevención del VIH con el propósito final de alcanzar el acceso universal al tratamiento y prevención del VIH. El documento define las principales acciones que deben llevarse a cabo para contener la propagación de nuevas infecciones por el VIH e invertir así el curso de la epidemia de SIDA. Asimismo, indica las medidas que deben tomarse para reducir con prontitud y eficacia el déficit de la prevención del VIH a partir de la sinergia entre la prevención y la atención del VIH, y para asegurar la sostenibilidad del la ampliación del tratamiento del VIH en el contexto actual. Destaca también el papel del ONUSIDA en la intensificación de la prevención del VIH y señala los métodos que pueden emplearse para emprender acciones de apoyo conjuntas. El presente documento está dirigido a todos aquellos que desempeñan una función de liderazgo en la prevención, tratamiento y atención del VIH. Sus fundamentos se basan en la Declaración de compromiso sobre el VIH/SIDA adoptada por todos los Estados Miembros de las Naciones Unidas en la Décima Reunión de la Junta Coordinadora del Programa del ONUSIDA, celebrada en Río de Janeiro en diciembre de 2000. El documento se apoya además en los compromisos expresados en el Programa de Acción de la Conferencia Internacional sobre Población y Desarrollo y en la Plataforma para la Acción de Beijing, así como en los informes de seguimiento de éstos. Asimismo, destaca las significativas oportunidades que existen para el fortalecimiento de la prevención del VIH en el contexto de los programas de terapia antirretrovírica tales como la Iniciativa "Tres millones para 2005", destinada a ampliar el tratamiento antirretrovírico en los países en desarrollo. Este documento consta de cuatro secciones principales. En la Sección 1 se exponen los motivos por los que la prevención del VIH debe reforzarse considerablemente a fin de superar los retos actuales y aprovechar las oportunidades existentes. En la Sección 2 se describen las acciones clave que han de constituir el núcleo de la respuesta de prevención del VIH y los principios centrales subyacentes a dichas acciones. En la Sección 3, se señalan los pasos que deben seguir los asociados nacionales para ampliar la prevención del VIH en el ámbito nacional. En la Sección 4 se describe el apoyo que proporcionará a este proceso el ONUSIDA. Por último, el apoyo que la Junta Coordinadora del Programa del ONUSIDA manifestó al presente Documento de Posición de Política en su Decimoséptima Reunión está recogido en el Anexo.

  7. Guides nationaux de planification des programmes de lutte contre le VIH et le SIDA

    Le Plan Stratégique National Multisectoriel de lutte contre le VIH et le SIDA 2005-2009 consacre la multisectorialité comme stratégie clé de la réponse nationale, avec une place importante réservée á l'appui aux initiatives communautaires. Il s'agit de renforcer la capacité des communautés à apporter des réponses aux problèmes posés par le VIH et le SIDA, contribuant ainsi à la réduction de leur vulnérabilité tant au VIH qu'à l'impact du SIDA. …

  8. Handbook on HIV and human rights for national human rights institutions

    This Handbook is designed to assist national human rights institutions to integrate HIV into their mandate to protect and promote human rights. It provides a basic overview of the role of human rights in an effective response to the epidemic and suggests concrete activities that national institutions can carry out within their existing work. It also presents possibilities for engaging with the national HIV response in order to protect and promote human rights, in the context of the “Three Ones”. …

  9. Securing our future. Report of the commission on HIV/AIDS and governance in Africa

    The Commission on HIV/AIDS and Governance in Africa (CHGA) was launched by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to address the urgent and unique challenges posed by the multiple ways in which the HIV/ AIDS epidemic impacts upon development and governance on the continent of Africa. This report presents the findings, recommendations and action plan proposed by the Commission. It delivers eight key messages and recommandations: 1. There are multiple AIDS epidemics in Africa, 2. The epidemics in Africa reflect a strong gender disparity, 3. …

  10. Acting early to prevent AIDS: the case of Senegal

    This paper describes the experience of Senegal, a country that has worked hard to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS, has maintained one of the lowest rates of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. It discusses Senegal's social organization, health sector, marriage patterns and prostitution situation before HIV/AIDS began its rapid spread across much of Africa. …

  11. National Strategic Plan against AIDS 2002 - 2006

    From the emergence of the first AIDS case in the world, in the beginning of the eighties, the number of cases reported to WHO didn't stop increasing, becoming the first mortality cause at African continent level and the fourth at world level, in the adults.Since then, many progresses were already made in research and treatment areas. However, the results of the efforts made in the fight against AIDS are not very visible, mainly in the countries in development, where poverty reaches most of the population. …

  12. Summary booklet of best practices in Africa

    This booklet attempts to capture details of a range of Best Practices in order to provide useful lessons and offer references for all actors of the International Partnership against AIDS in Africa (IPAA.)

  13. Guidelines for the development of a national AIDS prevention and control programme

    This document provides information on how to set up and organise a national program against AIDS. It also covers the definition of program objectives, the formulation of strategies, the identification of appropriate activities and the evaluation of the program.

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