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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The policy and legal environments related to HIV services in Malaysia

    The report on the Review and Consultation on the Policy and Legal Environments Related to HIV Services in Malaysia seeks to identify the current status of the policy and legal environment in Malaysia that safeguard the universal human rights of key affected populations with regard to HIV prevention, care and treatment. The review and consultation establishes a baseline and it provides a set of concrete recommendations to contribute to reforms that will promote an enabling environment where the human rights of the key populations are adequately protected.

  2. Building Strength on Strength: Lessons from Communiity Responses to HIV in Northern Thailand

    The purpose of this publication is to share some of Thailand’s experiences and lessons learned in its response to HIV with other developing countries and development partners within the region and beyond. Thailand is one of the very first countries to have achieved the Sixth Millennium Development Goal target to reverse the spread of HIV by 2015 well in advance of the target date. …

  3. Challenges and opportunities in HIV/AIDS counseling: a case of Jharkhand

    The study highlights the challenges and opportunities in HIV/AIDS counseling. The major challenges are recruiting the right individuals and their capacity building and retention. The finding shows that most of the counselors are not befitting in terms of qualification and experience besides motivation, remuneration, and other issues. The study suggests that to ensure the effective counseling to reverse the epidemic, it is important to focus on such issues through appropriate policy interventions.

  4. Toward Universal Access: Examples of municipal HIV programming for men who have sex with men and transgender people is six Asian cities

    This report analyzes current city-level responses in Manila, Bangkok, Jakarta, Yangon, Ho Chi Minh City and Chengdu to highlight innovate responses and underlines that city-based responses will have a critical impact on tackling HIV among MSM and transgender persons. The study also confirms that progress continues to be hampered by the existence of restrictive legal environment and policies, selective enforcement practices and the lack of local coordination between health, law enforcement officials and community based organizations. …

  5. Integrating HIV and sexual and reproductive health: a Pacific specific mapping

    Over the past decade, Pacific Island countries have seen a rapid increase in HIV related activities that have largely been disconnected from broader sexual and reproductive health (SRH) activities. International research indicates that the synergies between HIV and SRH can be better used to improve health outcomes. However, despite a number of high level calls for greater linkages and integration, as well as the creation of avenues for this to occur, very little linkage and integration has yet been achieved at either policy or service levels in the Pacific region. …

  6. Time for a national sexual and reproductive health strategy for Australia: background paper

    This background paper argues for a comprehensive and evidence-based national sexual and reproductive health strategy to improve the health of all in our community, both women and men. In part one we begin with a descriptive snapshot of the sexual and reproductive health of Australians today and of the problems we face. We also give a brief overview of the Australian sexual and reproductive health policy context - past and current. …

  7. Assessment of Curriculum Response in 35 countries for the EFA Monitoring Report 2005 "The Quality Imperative"

    This study does not address the level of implementation of HIV/AIDS education, but the framework and conditions set in policies and curricula for curriculum implementation. This analysis will however lead to an evaluation of the likely quality of implementation that may be expected, regarding criteria established through existing research and evaluation. From the analysis of the curriculum, which states goals, intention and, what can be expected to be actually implemented as HIV/AIDS education in schools and class rooms. …

  8. Vietnam: Fighting a Rising Tide: The Response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Vietnam are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region. The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  9. Taiwan, Fighting a Rising Tide: The Response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Taiwan are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region. The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  10. A Joint Assessment of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Treatment and Care in China

    To achieve the overall objective of the China's Action Plan for Reducing and Preventing the Spread of HIV/AIDS (2006-2010), the Chinese government strengthened leadership in the prevention and control of the HIV epidemic, developed comprehensive prevention, treatment, care and support initiatives, and monitored on-going progress. …

  11. AIDS-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, Behavior, and Practices: A Survey of 6 Chinese Cities

    This survey investigates knowledge, attitudes, behavior and practices (KAB/P) among different segments of society in six important Chinese cities Kunming, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Wuhan, Zhengzhou and Beijing. The survey was conducted by Renmin University with financial and technical support from UNAIDS, the Global Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria (GBC), and Ogilvy. …

  12. Challenges and Opportunities: the Expanded Government-led HIV/AIDS Programs in China

    HIV/AIDS has posed an increasingly serious issue in China. In recent years, Chinese government has taken further intensified efforts to combat HIV/AIDS with high-level political commitment, supportive policy development, increased financial allocation, large-scale of government-led initiatives, expanded international cooperation and great involvement of non-governmental organizations. Meanwhile gaps and challenges coexist impacting the implementation and the results of national HIV/AIDS programs. …

  13. Demography of HIV/AIDS in China

    The challenge to determining the true impact of HIV within the general population in China has been the lack of a reliable, comprehensive surveillance and reporting system, coupled with the lack of an effective referral chain within the Chinese healthcare system. However, over the past few years, more information has become available about specific, at-risk populations. The nature of China's HIV epidemic complicates assessments about its future. …

  14. HIV/AIDS policy in Vietnam: A civil society perspective

    HIV/AIDS has spread rapidly in Vietnam since the first case was registered in 1990, and today more than a quarter-million people in the country are living with HIV/AIDS. The national HIV prevalence rate among adults is 0.5 percent, but prevalence rates are significantly higher among high-risk groups, such as injecting drug users (33 to 65 percent) and sex workers (approximately 16 percent). However, the illegal nature of drug use and sex work has complicated efforts to prevent HIV among these high-risk groups. …

  15. Cambodia: Success in HIV/AIDS National Response and Challenges in The Future

    This is a report from the Cambodia Development Cooperation Forum that took place from 19-20 June 2007. It looks at epidemiology of the disease - Cambodia is sustaining a concentrated epidemic while maintaining a significant treatment and impact mitigation burden. Coordination of the response trends and progress in the National Response Challenges in the National Response Cambodia's Universal Access Indicators and Targets - 2008 and 2010.

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