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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Determining preferences related to HIV counselling and testing services among high school learners in KwaZulu-Natal: a discrete choice experiment

    A key strategy of the South African national response to HIV is the scale-up of HIV counselling and testing (HCT) in the 15–49 years age group. The integrated school health policy aims to guide the roll out of youth-friendly health services including the provision of HCT in schools. Using a discrete choice experiment to examine preferences regarding the attributes of HCT service packages, this study identifies barriers to and facilitators of HCT among high school learners. …

  2. The government of Kenya cash transfer for orphaned and vulnerable children: cross-sectional comparison of household and individual characteristics of those with and without

    Background: The ‘Cash Transfer to Orphans and Vulnerable Children’ (CT-OVC) in Kenya is a government-supported program intended to provide regular and predictable cash transfers (CT) to poor households taking care of OVC. CT programs can be an effective means of alleviating poverty and facilitating the attainment of an adequate standard of living for people’s health and well-being and other international human rights. …

  3. Evidence, politics and Uganda's HIV success: moving forward with ABC and HIV prevention

    Uganda’s HIV success story has become increasingly focused around the idea of ‘ABC’ (Abstain, Be faithful or use Condoms). During the George W. Bush administration, the US Government has promoted one specific ABC model for its development agencies, with a particular emphasis on abstinence. Yet other actors have contested this view. To understand Uganda’s success, it is imperative to look at what ABC was in Uganda when critical changes in behaviour were occurring. …

  4. Using research to influence sexual and reproductive health practice and implementation in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case-study analysis

    Research institutions and donor organizations are giving growing attention to how research evidence is communicated to influence policy. In the area of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV there is less weight given to understanding how evidence is successfully translated into practice. Policy issues in SRH can be controversial, influenced by political factors and shaped by context such as religion, ethnicity, gender and sexuality. …

  5. Globalization, public policy, and 'knowledge gap': Ethiopian youth and the HIV/AIDS pandemic

    Set against trans- or supra-national policy initiatives which have framed the HIV/ AIDS pandemic as in part a pedagogical issue, this paper critically explores local understandings of sexual practices (generally) as well as of HIV/AIDS (more specifically) among young people in the sub-Saharan African country of Ethiopia. Ethiopia has the third largest number of HIV/AIDS infections in the world, behind only South Africa and India. …

  6. The HIV Epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, 1989-2007

    The article aims to investigate the characteristics and trends in the HIV epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, between 1989 and 2007. It shows that the HIV epidemic in Yunnan has progressed to a concentrated epidemic. Future efforts must focus not only on groups at risk for primary infection (injecting drug users, men who have sex with men, and female sex workers) but also on their low-risk sexual partners.

  7. What do we mean by HIV/AIDS and Education? A Draft Construct

    This is a paper articulating HIV and Education and attempts to set out particular significant issues for education practitioners and researchers. Issues discussed range from education and training, management, policy and planning issues, educator development and support issues, gender concerns to international agreements, legislation and human rights issues. Conclusion is that the broader concept of HIV and education means that in practice, each educator is responsible in their own domain to make sense of what is happening and to react appropriately.

  8. Health and HIV/AIDS Education in Primary and Secondary Schools in Africa and Asia

    This report is one of a set of a series of Education Division of the Overseas Development Administration (now DFID). It sets out to describe current policy and practice related to health and HIV/AIDS education in primary and secondary schools in Africa and Asia. It draws on work done in four countries Pakistan, India, Uganda and Ghana.

  9. Education as a Vehicle for Combating HIV/AIDS

    This think piece highlights the need to protect the education system so that it may also in turn protect. These two perspectives, education a vehicle for reducing the incidence of HIV/AIDS and education itself as being threatened by the disease, are the focus of much of the literature on education and HIV/AIDS. In the past, the education sector itself has focused on its role in prevention; however, it needs to focus more on protecting itself so that it can continue to work on educating others. The authors use the conclusion to highlight a sense of urgency and call the reader to action.

  10. Lessons learned about Management of Education under HIV/AIDS conditions

    Outlines lessons learned form managing education given realities of HIV epidemic. The list highlights that constraints are often the inverse of what has been successful. What worked well: Committed informed and aggressive leadership; Shared information; Mobilization of resources- e.g. dedicated and flexible budget lines; Strengthening partnerships to include government officials, community and faith-based groups, donors, and research institutions. …

  11. Quick notes: HIV/AIDS Series: Basic Education

    This document provides an over view of international attention attaining Education for All. Education is the key to decrease in poverty and increase in health. With a focus on the girl child, there are long term implications as their increased health directory impacts on their children's increased health. These result in a depressed demand for education. Girls are a particular risk due to gender bias in the home and in the school that favours boys. Case Studies: Bangladesh: Groundbreaking work in rural education, development of relevant curricula, flexible hours and cost effectiveness. …

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