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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Mainstreaming and partnerships: A multi-sectoral approach to strengthen HIV/AIDS response in India

    This monograph serves as a resource to enable a view on scaled up response through multi-sectoral support for risk reduction and impact mitigation of HIV in India. It draws on key achievements and lessons learnt from NACP I, II and III with regard to mainstreaming. The document focuses on the Department of AIDS Control’s (DAC) current response to the epidemic, which are priorities under NACP-IV and the rationale that guided the development of these priorities.

  2. What HIV programs work for adolescent girls?

    Background: Adolescent girls face unique challenges in reducing their risk of acquiring HIV because of gender inequalities, but much of HIV programming and evaluation lacks a specific focus on female adolescents. Methods: This article, based on a review of 150 studies and evaluations from 2001 to June 2013, reviews evidence on programming for adolescents that is effective for girls or could be adapted to be effective for girls. Results: The evidence suggests specific interventions for adolescent girls across 3 critical areas: (1) an enabling environment, including keeping girls in school …

  3. Prevalence of HIV and other infections and risk behaviour among injecting drug users in Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia in 2007: Study report

    The current report provides results from a cross-sectional bio-behavioural study on HIV and related infections and risk behaviours among current IDUs in the capital cities of the three Baltic countries. The first section of the report provides basic information on the three Baltic countries in general, and injecting drug use, HIV and other infections’ epidemiological situations, health care and harm reduction services in more detail. …

  4. The national HIV and STIs strategic plan 2009-2013 Palau

    The goal of the Palau National HIV and other STIs Strategic Plan 2009-2013 is to reduce HIV and other STI transmission and minimize the impact of infections on individuals, families and the community. …

  5. Leading together: Canada takes action on HIV/AIDS (2005-2010)

    Leading Together is a blueprint for Canada’s response to HIV/AIDS to 2010. It lays out the optimal, ideal response to HIV/AIDS in Canada in the third decade of the epidemic. It presents the collective view of what is needed for the future and pushes all those involved in the fight against HIV to seek better ways to respond to the virus. Leading Together is a living document that is intended to inspire action on all fronts so that we can all do more and do it better. It challenges us to use our imagination and energy to get ahead of the epidemic. …

  6. Application of the information, motivation and behavioural skills model for targeting HIV risk behaviour amongst adolescent learners in South Africa

    This paper discusses the application of an information, motivation and behavioural skills (IMB) model in a school-based programme for the reduction of HIV risk behaviour among 259 Grade 11 learners in two high schools in Alexandra township, Johannesburg. School 1 was the Experimental group, while School 2 was the Control group. After a baseline study (Time 1) at both schools, a 3-week intervention programme was conducted at School 1. A post-test (Time 2) was conducted at both schools. The intervention was repeated at School 2, followed by another post-test (Time 3) at both schools. …

  7. HIV prevention among vulnerable populations: the Pathfinder International approach

    This publication provides a background in the risks faced by populations especially vulnerable to HIV and AIDS. The document outlines strategies effective in prevention of HIV and AIDS among sex workers, men who have sex with other men, and injecting drug users. Programs described include peer education, comprehensive health services and quality of treatment, provider referral networks, and in-service training and sensitization.

  8. Teacher training and HIV/AIDS prevention in West Africa: regression discontinuity design evidence from the Cameroon

    The authors assess the impact on teenage childbearing as well as student knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of a typical HIV/AIDS teacher training program in the Cameroon. Applying a regression discontinuity design identification strategy based on the key administrative criterion that determined program deployment, they find that 15–17 year old girls in teacher training schools are between 7 and 10 percentage points less likely to have started childbearing, an objective proxy for the incidence of unprotected sex. …

  9. The national HIV policy and multisectoral strategic plan 2005-10 Solomon Islands

    This revised National HIV Policy and Multi-sectoral Strategic Plan 2005-2010 provides the policy direction framework and multi-sectoral strategies, which forms the basis of the operational plans of all stakeholders. The key result areas of the policy and multisectoral plan are: 1. Reduction of risks and Vulnerability to HIV and other STIs; 2. Increasing access to Screening and strengthening Confidentiality in services; 3. Establishing, expanding and strengthening STI/HIV Surveillance, and the continuum of treatment and care; 4. …

  10. Republic of the Marshall Islands national HIV/AIDS strategic plan 2006-2009

    The National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan for 2006-2009 is intended as a resource to enhance the Marshall Islands response to addressing HIV/AIDS in the Republic of the Marshall Islands. This plan is a community response to HIV, and will attempt to address the decisive geographic, socio-cultural, political, economic, health and legal factors which may impact the spread of HIV using Marshallese values and beliefs as the backbone to the response.

  11. A surprising prevention success: Why did the HIV epidemic decline in Zimbabwe?

    There is growing recognition that primary prevention, including behavior change, must be central in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The earlier successes in Thailand and Uganda may not be fully relevant to the severely affected countries of southern Africa. We conducted an extensive multi-disciplinary synthesis of the available data on the causes of the remarkable HIV decline that has occurred in Zimbabwe (29% estimated adult prevalence in 1997 to 16% in 2007), in the context of severe social, political, and economic disruption. …

  12. Experiences from the field: HIV prevention among most at risk adolescents in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

    In recent years, UNICEF has worked together with national and local authorities and civil society partners in a number of countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to develop and implement HIV prevention programmes intended to reduce risks and vul¬nerabilities among most-at-risk adolescents (MARA.) This docu¬ment presents programming experiences from seven countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. …

  13. Health and family life education. Regional curriculum framework. Ages 11 years to 16 years

    This Curriculum Framework for Secondary Schools is based on the initial Health and Family Life Education Regional Curriculum Framework for Ages 9-14. This document provided the basic guidance required to develop the relevant Standards and Core Outcomes for the various age groups. Consequently the background information and the guidance for the use of the Framework is derived from this document. The Framework combines health promotion and problem prevention in an attempt to not only reduce risky behaviours but equally promote healthy decision making, development and lifestyles. …

  14. Regional issues brief: rights of children and young people to access HIV-related services

    This Regional Issues Brief has been written to provide an overview of an area of enquiry that the Global Commission on HIV and the Law is examining – issues of law and HIV pertaining to young people. It has been undertaken through a literature review of laws and documentation of their enforcement in the context of Asia and the Pacific. It serves as an information resource and complements the report of the Regional Dialogue for Asia and the Pacific that was held under the auspices of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law in Bangkok on 16 and 17 February 2011.

  15. High income countries issue brief: rights of children and young people to access HIV-related services

    This brief focuses on the rights of children (minors under the age of 18 years) in high-income countries to access health services related to HIV prevention – in particular sexual and reproductive health services, and harm reduction services and drug treatment services. …

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