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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National poverty reduction strategies and HIV/AIDS governance in Malawi: a preliminary study of shared health governance

    The public health and development communities understand clearly the need to integrate anti-poverty efforts with HIV/AIDS programs. This article reports findings about the impact of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) process on Malawi's National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework (NSF). How does the PRSP process support NSF accountability, participation, access to information, funding, resource planning and allocation, monitoring, and evaluation? …

  2. Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviour in Dodowa, Ghana

    This report presents findings from a study of sexual and reproductive health status of inschool and out-of-school adolescents in Dodowa, Ghana, carried out in 2001. The research aim was to help design a program to address adolescents' unmet needs and promote safer behaviours. The research design used both qualitative and quantitative methods, including focus group discussions, PLA techniques and surveys. Students of Junior and Senior Secondary Schools, out-of-school adolescents, teachers, parents and community opinion leaders were included in the study.

  3. Strengthening linkages for sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: progress, barriers and opportunities

    Strengthening linkages for sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: progress, barriers and opportunities is a report produced by the Health Resource Centre on behalf of the the British Government's Department for International Development in 2006. This review explores the policy, financing and institutional factors that enable or constrain the integration of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) programmes, with policy and programmes for HIV prevention, and AIDS treatment and care. …

  4. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners in Tanzania

    As part of a two-country study (with Namibia), TAMASHA was contracted by UNESCO to carry out research into the needs of children in school living with HIV and the extent to which their rights and needs were being fulfilled. This research was carried out by interviewing national policy-makers and officials, as well as district officials in Njombe District. Children living with HIV and others affected by AIDS were also interviewed, together with their parents, guardians and teachers, and organizations working with them in Dar-es-Salaam and Njombe District in Iringa Region. …

  5. HIV/AIDS in Latin America from social point of view

    This study on HIV/AIDS-related legislation and public policies developed by the Latin American Social Sciences Institute (FLACSO) between March and June 2008 aims not only to identify specific policies and laws on HIV and AIDS but also to broaden the scope so as to include those that guarantee or obstruct the rights of key populations. …

  6. Promoción de la salud sexual y prevención del VIH-sida y de las ITS en los pueblos indígenas de las Américas: Abya-Yala Kuyarinakui

    Estudio sobre la situación general de las ITS y VIH/sida en pueblos originarios de América Latina. La primera parte del análisis incluye una evaluación doble: por una parte, la constatación de la gravedad de la presencia de estas enfermedades específicas en los pueblos indígenas, a partir de muestras concretas y, por otra parte, las maneras de solucionar el problema que ya los mismos pueblos y sus agentes de ayuda están aplicando. …

  7. The era of ARV (anti-retroviral) in the generalised HIV epidemic in Thailand: Research approaches

    This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the sexual behavior of Thais. It draws primarily upon the 2006 National Sexual Behavioral Survey, which is a nationally representative survey of Thai adults. The emphasis of individual chapters is on risk behaviors, with the chapters analyzing risk behaviors in relation to HIV policy and programs. The book also provides a welcome addition to the literature on HIV policy and programs at an opportune time. …

  8. Respuesta a las ITS, VIH y Sida en el Perú: Trabajo para y con las Mujeres

    La situación de la epidemia de VIH/SIDA en Perú y particularmente en como afecta a las mujeres. Evaluación de la respuesta a nivel del Ministerio de Salud y su trabajo en coordinación con la sociedad civil, siempre desde centrándose en la mujer, buscando evitar la transmisión tanto verticalá como horizontal. Información actualizada a 2007.

  9. Balance político normativo sobre el acceso de las y los adolescentes a los servicios de salud sexual, salud reproductiva y prevención del VIH-Sida

    La finalidad de este documento consiste en presentar los resultados del balance realizado por UNFPA de la Ley General de Salud de Perú y el Código Penal, el cual contiene el análisis de los obstáculos y vacíos que presenta el marco político normativo nacional e internacional, así como los avances y desafíos referidos al acceso de las y los adolescentes a estos servicios. Asimismo, se presentan las posibles rutas que se deben seguir para lograr los cambios deseados en la legislación vigente. …

  10. Developing policies on the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people in Europe

    This companion publication summarizes the guidelines and recommendations contained in the main Policy Guide "Guide for Developing Policies on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of Young People in Europe". Launched during IPPF European Network's final SAFE conference in Brussels, this policy guide provides a series of broad recommendations intended to guide policymakers and programmers in creating a more youth-friendly SRHR policy environment for young people.

  11. The evolution and future of donor assistance for HIV/AIDS. Working paper

    This working paper examines the evolution and impact of donor resource mobilization for HIV and AIDS; the potential effect of the current economic crisis on HIV and AIDS funding; immediate and long-term challenges and opportunities for donor assistance; and policy recommendations to the donor community and national governments to ensure steady, long-term funding for HIV and AIDS and alleviate the impact of future challenges.

  12. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners in Namibia

    As part of a two-country study (with Tanzania), RAISON was contracted by UNESCO to carry out research into the needs of children in school living with HIV and the extent to which their rights and needs were being fulfilled. Information for this study was derived from 76 respondents in Namibia who contributed to interviews and group discussions in February and March 2008. The research was designed to address the following questions: What barriers face HIV-positive learners in accessing education and staying at school? …

  13. The global economic crisis and HIV prevention and treatment programmes: vulnerabilities and impact

    The global economic crisis threatens recent gains in health and poverty reduction in developing countries. What is the effect of the crisis on HIV programmes, especially in high HIV prevalence countries? What are the possible consequences? What can be done to avoid negative impacts? Much is at risk: increased mortality and morbidity, unplanned interruptions or curtailed access to treatment, with increased risk of HIV transmission, higher future financial costs, increased burden on health systems and reversal of economic and social development gains.

  14. Facilitando condiciones y estilos de vida saludables: Jóvenes en situación de exclusión social en la prevención del VIH/SIDA. Marco jurídico para la prevención del VIH y el sida con personas jóvenes y adolescentes en Costa Rica

    Marco jurídico sobre jóvenes y adolescentes (15 a 24 años), VIH/SIDA y migración en Costa Rica. Derechos garantizados, vacíos y falencias al respecto. El análisis incluye la perspectiva de género y los derechos humanos como ejes transversales y se analizan tanto los textos legales (específicos y conexos), como la implementación de las normas. Recomendaciones a diversas instituciones.

  15. Balancing acts: AIDS review 2008

    Balancing acts looks at the ways in which public health and human rights have often been pulled into tension in dealing with HIV and AIDS and other related health issues. As the HIV and AIDS epidemics have unfolded in South Africa and the epidemic has become a generalised one, increasing tensions have developed between what is called the public health approach and the human rights approach. …

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