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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Pioneers, partners, providers: the dynamics of civil society and AIDS funding in Southern Africa

    This report from the Open society initiative for Southern Africa and the Centre for AIDS Development Research and Evaluation examines the AIDS funding environment through a civil society lens. It presents and discusses findings from a six-country study access to AIDS funding by civil society organisations (CSOs) in southern Africa. The study draws upon data from 439 CSO conducting AIDS response activities as well as community case studies and interviews with a selection of donor institutions in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland and Zambia. It focuses on the period 2001 to 2005.

  2. Accelerating the education sector response to HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. A rapid situation analysis of 34 Countries

    In recent years, the education sector in low-income countries has come to play an increasingly important role in the health of the school-aged child. The sector has a key role in providing young people, especially girls, a chance to a productive and AIDS-free life, through the social vaccine of education. …

  3. Protecting the next generation in Malawi. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report presents key findings from a new body of research that describes the sexual and reproductive health needs of Malawi's youth. The information was gathered from young Malawians themselves through focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and a nationally representative survey on sex, relationships, marriage, HIV/AIDS and pregnancy among young women and men aged 12-19. This report discusses in detail some of the challenges in and opportunities for improving the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in Malawi. …

  4. Protecting the next generation in Ghana. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report presents key findings from a new body ofresearch that highlights the unmet sexual and reproductive health needs of 12-19-year-olds in Ghana. The results point to specific areas in which interventions for improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health might be targeted, and suggest that increased and sustained investment in sexual and reproductive health care for adolescents may provide enormous returns. …

  5. Promoting adolescent sexual and reproductive health in East and Southern Africa

    In Africa, as in many parts of the world, adolescent reproductive health is a controversial issue for policy makers and programme planners. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to HIV and AIDS and to a host of other problems such as sexually transmitted infection, unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortions, sexual abuse, female genital mutilation and unsafe circumcision. Yet many countries don't have adolescent health policies and much remains to be done to ensure that adolescents can access appropriate sexual and reproductive health services. …

  6. Informes sobre la situación de derechos humanos y VIH/SIDA en Bolivia

    Informes sobre la situación de derechos humanos y VIH / SIDA en Bolivia, políticas del Estado sobre el VIH/SIDA.

  7. Reforma sanitaria. Promoción de la salud y programas de salud de los adolescentes en la Región : casos de Brasil, Costa Rica y República Dominicana. Estado de la situación y lineamientos estratégicos para la acción

    El presente documento consiste de una reflexión sobre las funciones de rectoría, organización y provisión de los sistemas de salud referidos a la promoción de la salud, y en específico, a los programas de salud de los adolescentes, que se han renovado con los procesos de reforma del sector salud implementados en Brasil, Costa Rica y República Dominicana.

  8. Condoms count: meeting the need in the era of HIV/AIDS

    The report assesses progress toward achieving the reproductive health goals adopted by the international community. It points to ever-growing shortfalls of reproductive health supplies key in the fight against HIV/AIDS, for example, like male and female condoms -- in many developing countries. The report then reviews steps that can be taken in order to secure adequate numbers of these supplies, while noting that supplies are only one part of the challenge. Progress will require significant changes, not only in public policy, but also in individual attitudes, behaviours, and societal norms. …

  9. Turning a crisis into an opportunity: Strategies for scaling up the national response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Lesotho

    This document is aimed mainly at health organisations, educators, church leaders and scholars. The main objective is to address the alarming spread of HIV and AIDS in Lesotho and to find strategies to prevent it. This document has the endorsement of the government secretary of the kingdom of Lesotho. …

  10. Acting early to prevent AIDS: the case of Senegal

    This paper describes the experience of Senegal, a country that has worked hard to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS, has maintained one of the lowest rates of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. It discusses Senegal's social organization, health sector, marriage patterns and prostitution situation before HIV/AIDS began its rapid spread across much of Africa. …

  11. Understanding the institutional dynamics of Namibia's response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic

    This paper provides an overview of the impact of HIV and AIDS in Namibia and the institutional, multi-sectoral response which has been adopted to respond to the epidemic. It also provides an analysis of the response and offers recommendations for improvement.

  12. The impact of AIDS

    The HIV/AIDS epidemic is one of the major development challenges facing the developing countries today. HIV/AIDS is directly threatening the achievement of the eight Millennium Development Goals set by the international community in September 2000. …

  13. Horizons Report December 2005: Refocusing on HIV Prevention

    In 2005 AIDS claimed another 3 million lives, and it relentlessly threatens millions more. Despite global and national efforts to quell the pandemic, 40.3 million people are currently living with HIV-the highest level ever. Nearly 5 million new cases occur each year, with almost every region of the world reporting increasing numbers. Yet amid the grim statistics there are some encouraging signs. …

  14. HIV/AIDS in Ghana: background, projections, impacts, interventions and policy

    This briefing book is intended to provide information about the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Ghana. The information is provided in four sections:Background: What we know about HIV/AIDS in Ghana today; Projections: the number of people who might develop AIDS in the future; Impacts: The social and economic impacts of AIDS; Interventions: What needs to be done to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS; Policy: Policy issues and the National Strategic framework, and institutional structure that have been put in place to combat the epidemic.

  15. HIV and the education sector: the foundations of a control and management strategy in South Africa

    This paper confines its analysis primarily to issues of process, structure and content. Information was collected from government and agency documents and from respondents at national, provincial, district and schools level. The paper explores national structures and plans.

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