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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. We've got the power: women, adolescent girls and the HIV response

    This publication marks the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the most comprehensive and progressive global policy road map for fulfilling the human rights of women and girls and achieving gender equality. Progress has been made in key areas, the report shows, however, that many of the promises made to improve the lives of women and girls around the world have not been kept. It points out how the HIV epidemic holds a mirror up to these inequalities and injustices, and how the gaps in rights and services for women and girls are exacerbating the epidemic. …

  2. Gender equality assessment of provincial HIV, STIs and TB strategic and operational plans in South Africa

    This Gender Equality Assessment of Provincial Strategic Plans and Provincial Operational Plans on HIV, STIs and TB within South Africa assesses provincial HIV, STI and TB responses against the HEARD and ATHENA Framework for Women, Girls and Gender Equality and the UNAIDS Gender Assessment Tool for National HIV Responses. The Assessment identifies the extent to which provincial responses prioritise women, girls and gender equality by including a number of specific, evidence-informed interventions; it furthermore highlights policy and programmatic gaps and challenges within these plans. …

  3. Cross-generational and transactional sexual relations in Uganda: Income poverty as a risk factor for adolescents

    The phenomenon of cross-generational sex – defined as sexual relationships between an adolescent girl and a partner who is older, usually by 10 or more years – can be linked to many life-long consequences. …

  4. Discussion paper: Cash transfers and HIV prevention

    This discussion paper synthesizes the evidence for the effectiveness of cash transfers for HIV prevention and explores implications and opportunities for advancing research and policy agendas. Much of this evidence centres on girls and young women, who bear significant HIV burdens, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, and often have less control over their sexual choices than do men. Many forms of transfers exist that may contribute to HIV prevention. …

  5. A manual for integrating gender into reproductive health and HIV programs: From commitment to action

    Ce Manuel vise principalement à contribuer à la conception et à l’exécution de programmes dans le domaine de la Santé Reproductive et du VIH/SIDA qui intègrent des approches de nature à parvenir à l’équité/l’égalité des genres. Les programmes qui intègrent ces objectifs ont pour effet de maximiser l’accès et la qualité, d’appuyer la prise de décisions par l’individu et ses options en matière de reproduction, d’accroître la pérennité et de mettre en pratique les engagements internationaux des Etats-Unis et les politiques de l’USAID. Ce document a été conçu pour être un manuel de référence. Il peut servir à toute étape du cycle d’un programme, c’est-à-dire de la conception à l’évaluation. Ceci dit, il se révélera d’autant plus utile qu’il servira à guider les décisions prises tout au long du cycle des projets

  6. Women hold up half the sky - and half the burden of the HIV epidemic

    The HIV burden on women is dramatically higher in some regions, certain age groups and among marginalized groups, such as female sex workers. Women’s vulnerability to HIV is exacerbated by gender inequality and domestic violence. The global effort towards elimination of paediatric HIV and keeping mothers alive deserves applause. However, the needs of women go beyond their child-bearing age or potentials and/or reproductive desires and must be recognized in the global HIV agenda. In particular, more female-controlled prevention tools are urgently required to allow women to protect themselves.

  7. Piecing it together for women and girls. The gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma: evidence from Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic and Ethiopia

    This report focuses on the gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma. It aims to fill a gap and advance a more nuanced understanding and more effective advocacy on how stigma affects women and girls living with HIV more, less or differently to men and boys. This is an advocacy tool for use by relevant stakeholders - from international donors to global policy makers, national governments, programme managers, civil society and people living with HIV. …

  8. Addressing gender and rights in your sex/HIV education curriculum: a starter checklist

    Attitudes and roles regarding gender are an important determinant of sexual health outcomes (including age at first sex, number of sexual partners, frequency of adolescent intercourse, use of condoms and contraceptives, and HIV infection). Fostering young people's critical reflection about gender role socialization has been proven to change attitudes and to lead to healthier sexual behavior. This checklist can help you assess how effectively your curriculum is addressing these issues and help you identify changes that can strengthen your curriculum. …

  9. Perguntas e Respostas sobre Orientação Sexual e Identidade de Género

    Perguntas e Respostas sobre Orientação Sexual e Identidade de Género é uma brochura elaborada pelo Projecto Educação LGBT da Rede ex aequo, associação de jovens lésbicas, gays, bissexuais, transgéneros e simpatizantes com o apoio financeiro dela Fundação Europeia da Juventude do Conselho da Europa e o Instituto Português da Juventude. O documento foi concebido especialmente para alunos a fim de fornecer informações básicas sobre as questões de orientação sexual. …

  10. Educar para a diversidade. Um guia para professores sobre orientação sexual e identidade de género

    Educar Para a Diversidade. Um Guia para Professores sobre Orientação Sexual e Identidade de Género é uma brochura elaborada pelo Projecto Educação LGBT da Rede ex aequo, associação de jovens lésbicas, gays, bissexuais, transgéneros e simpatizantes com o apoio financeiro dela Fundação Europeia da Juventude do Conselho da Europa. Esta brochura foi concebida não só para oferecer recursos adequados aos agentes educativos, mas também para oferecer sugestões práticas para a redução da homofobia e da transfobia nas escolas. O objectivo final é garantir a segurança e bem-estar de todos os estudantes. …

  11. Agenda for Accelerated Country Action for Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV. Operational plan for the UNAIDS action framework: addressing women, girls, gender equality and HIV

    This report addresses the rights and needs of women and girls and highlights opportunities to work with networks of women living with HIV and diverse women's groups, while engaging men and boys, in particular those working for gender equality. It is structured around three issues, in line with the UNAIDS Action Framework, that were identified by the Global Task Force as critical to overcoming obstacles to achieving major breakthroughs on women, girls, gender equality and HIV. …

  12. In harm's way: the impact of Kenya's restrictive abortion law

    This report is based on research and interviews conducted by the Center between June 2009 and February 2010. The Center gathered the experiences of 59 women through a combination of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. This report proposes specific recommendations to all partners involved in abortion-related issues included the Government of Kenya.

  13. Operational plan for UNAIDS Action Framework: Addressing Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV

    This Operational Plan (2010-2014) supports the implementation of the UNAIDS Action Framework: Addressing Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV. The Action Framework was developed in response to the pressing need to address the persistent gender inequality and human rights violations that put women and girls at greater risk and vulnerability to HIV, and threaten the gains that have been made in preventing HIV transmission and increasing access to anti-retroviral treatment. …

  14. Assessing the Integration of gender and Human Rights in HIV Related Documents and Processes in Selected Southern African Countries. A rapid assessment

    This report presents the findings of a desk study undertaken to assess the integration of gender and human rights in HIV-related documents and processes in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It highlights best practices, lessons learned, and areas for future action. The report implies an urgency to move from the status quo, whereby the centrality of gender equality and human rights in the pandemic regionally is underestimated. …

  15. Epidemic of Inequality. Women's Rights and HIV/AIDS in Botswana and Swaziland. An Evidence-Based Report on the Effects of Gender Inequity, Stigma and Discrimination

    Deeply entrenched gender inequities perpetuate the AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Swaziland, the two countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the world. The legal systems in both countries grant women lesser status than men, restricting property, inheritance and other rights. Social, economic and cultural practices create, enforce and perpetuate legalized gender inequalities and discrimination in all aspects of women's lives. …

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