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This study compares the approaches of Taiwan and the Philippines in mitigating their HIV epidemics using non-formal educational programs. The Philippines has an HIV prevalence of 6,000-11,000 cases out of a population of 91 million. Their approach was to target female sex workers and their managers, before expanding to men in the community, and relying heavily on NGOs to provide sex education. Taiwan was a prevalence of 40,000 cases out of a 23 million person population. …
This handbook was developed for trainers, counsellors in training, and working counsellors to assist them in delivering high-quality HIV testing and counselling services. It highlights the important contribution of counsellors to HIV prevention, care, and support activities and forms one of three parts of the HIV Counselling Resource Package, which also includes trainer's session plans, participatory learning activities, and an HIV counsellor's toolkit.
Information, Education and Communication (IEC) activities can be very effective in changing high-risk behaviours. This guide describes the steps in HIV/AIDS IEC planning, implementation and evaluation. To reinforce the step-wise approach, a specific example of IEC activities addressed to young people has been included. The guide is useful to managers of national AIDS control programmes as well as non-governmental activities.