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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Discussion paper: Islam, sexual diversity and access to health services

    At the 2010 Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (APCOM) Board meeting, a working group on Faith, Men who have Sex with Men, Transgender People and HIV was formed to look into the impacts of faith and cultural values on the risks and vulnerability of marginalised populations such as Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and transgender people. …

  2. A situation-response analysis of the education sector response to HIV, drugs and sexual health in Brunei Darussalam

    The main purpose of this study is to conduct a situation-response analysis of the education sector’s response to HIV, drugs and sexual health. The objectives of this review are to: - describe and analyse the situation of HIV and AIDS, drugs and sexual health in Brunei Darussalam; - evaluate the status and scope of the education sector’s response to HIV and AIDS, drugs and sexual health; - identify the scope for improvement and prepare a set of recommendations to strengthen the existing response. In Brunei Darussalam statistical data revealed low number of HIV cases over the past 26 years. …

  3. Educational attainment and HIV/AIDS prevalence: A cross-country study

    Using data for a large cross-country sample, a reasonable model is estimated to judge the effect of adult educational attainment on prevalence of HIV. Three main points are noted. First, there is an indication of a significantly negative effect of educational attainment on HIV prevalence. Second, magnitude of the impact appears sizable. Third, a simple test suggests that the model does not have any major specification problem. Three additional aspects may also be interesting. First, the impact of per capita income is negative but statistically weak. …

  4. Culturally-adapted and audio-technology assisted HIV/AIDS awareness and education program in rural Nigeria: a cohort study

    This prospective, 14-week cohort study sought to identify changes in HIV knowledge using a culturally-adapted, technology assisted educational approach in three rural Nigerian villages. One group of people were given seminar-based education, while another were given a portable, digial audio technology-based educational program, which drew on the rural culture of oral learning. The majority of the participants were Muslim (99%), male (53.3%) and lacked formal education (55%). HIV knowledge was improved by a larger degree in the technology facilitated group than the seminar-based group. …

  5. HIV and Islam. Responsible religious response to HIV and AIDS in Malaysia

    The national response to the HIV and AIDS epidemic in Malaysia, which hits the predominantly Malay Muslim population hardest, calls for greater involvement of religious authorities to enhance the roles played by the public health sector and lateral grassroots partners in addressing the issues faced by people living with HIV (PLHIV) and other most-at-risk populations (MARP). …

  6. HIV Risk Factors among Moroccan and Turkish Same-Sex Attracted Youth in Amsterdam

    This report is the outcome of a month-long exploratory study on the main HIV risk factors among Moroccan and Turkish same-sex attracted (SSA) youth in Amsterdam. Data was obtained by way of interviews conducted with five experts, categorized as: academics, sexual and ethnic minority activists, and HIV professionals. Five main risk factors were determined: cultural differences; language barriers; stigma and taboo around sexuality and HIV within Islamic communities; socioeconomic marginalization; and lack of a positive term for same-sex sexual behavior and identity among the target group. …

  7. UNDP/HARPAS Regional Report 2005/2006: Taking Action in the Arab Region

    This report aims to capture the achievements of the Regional Programme to see how UNDP and HARAPS can create a response that meets all the Millennium Development Goals. It contains an introduction on the situation of HIV/AIDS in the Arab world, an analysis of first responses, too little and too late, a full history of the building of the new regional response. This response is funded on a multi-sector approach and on country level action. …

  8. HIV in the Middle East

    HIV in the Middle East is a short article written by C. Makhlouf Obermeyer from the Department of HIV/AIDS of the WHO in Geneva, Switzerland, in 2006. It summarizes what is known about the HIV epidemic in the Middle East and north Africa region and examines the extent to which lower prevalence can be attributed to cultural factors, particularly those related to the practice of Islam and gender. …

  9. The role of religious communities in addressing gender-based violence and HIV

    This report summarizes the USAID project titled "The Role of Religious Communities in Addressing Gender-based Violence and HIV". Recognizing the importance of collaborating to prevent and reduce gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV among women and girls, the Initiative partners formulated the project to improve the capacity of religious leaders and faith-based organizations (FBOs) to respond to GBV and its links to HIV. FBOs, religious communities and, in particular, religious leaders, are often key catalysts for positive social change. …

  10. Community Advocates Training Manual. The HIV/AIDS Prevention Project for Vulnerable Youth in Northern Nigeria

    Community Advocates Training Manual. The HIV/AIDS Prevention Project for Vulnerable Youth in Northern Nigeria is a curriculum developed by Population Council, Nigeria, under the HIV Prevention Project for Vulnerable Youth in Northern Nigeria funded by USAID/Nigeria. The document was developed as a tool for training community advocates to conduct advocacy activities on the issues of early marriage, HIV/AIDS and reproductive health. The curriculum is developed on the premise that community representatives can speak out on issues concerning their lives and community, if given necessary skills. …

  11. Legal Education and Will Writing. For the Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children, Persons Living with HIV and other Persons Affected by HIV. Facilitator's Guide

    Legal Education and Will Writing. For the Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children, Persons Living with HIV and other Persons Affected by HIV. Facilitator's Guide, is a manual developed by the project Global HIV/AIDS Initiative Nigeria funded by USAID and coordinated by Family Health International in Nigeria. The manual presents the basic facts contained in the Nigerian Constitution, the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women and the Child's Right Act 2003, and provides practical tips on will writing. …

  12. Engaging Faith-Based Organizations in HIV Prevention: A Training Manual for Programme Managers

    This manual is a capacity-building tool to help policy makers and programmers identify, design and follow up on HIV prevention programmes undertaken by FBOs. The manual explores how religious values and the power of religious leaders to mobilize communities can be used to design effective and sustainable community programmes to address HIV. It explains how to involve religious leaders in programmes to eliminate the stigma and discrimination often directed to people living with HIV and how to encourage community support and solidarity using the compassionate spirit of religion. …

  13. Monitoring HIV/AIDS Programs: A Facilitator's Training Guide

    Ce guide a été élaboré par Family Health International et l'agence des États-Unis pour le développement international. Ce guide contribue au suivi des programmes de prévention des services de santé fournis dans le cadre de la lutte contre le VIH et sida. Il peut être utile à de nombreuses personnes travaillant dans la lutte contre le VIH et sida, en particulier pour ceux qui travaillent sur le suivi et l'évaluation des programmes et l'élaboration et la mise en ouvre des plans d'action. Ce guide se divise en trois chapitres: 1) Chapitre1 : Vue d'ensemble de suivi et d'évaluation; 2) Chapitre 2: Suivi et évaluation des programmes de conseil et de dépistage volontaire; 3) Chapitre3 : Suivi et évaluation des programmes de soins cliniques. L'élaboration de ce manuel est faite pour être adapté aux programmes VIH et sida en Egypte. Il fournit également des conseils pour ceux qui s'intéressent à l'amélioration de la qualité des services présentés dans le domaine de VIH et sida notamment le développement et la sélection d'indicateurs appropriés permettant de mesurer les résultats des programmes ainsi que l'analyse et l'interprétation des données et la manière dont ces résultats doivent être utilisés pour prendre les bonnes décisions.

  14. Avec le VIH et sida

    Cet article est écrit par Mme Sabah Acharki et a été publié sur le site web Diwan arabes.com. Dans cet article l'auteur esquisse de manière rapide les faits et les données de VIH et sida à la fin du XXe siècle et au début du troisième millénaire. L'écrivain analyse ensuite les causes de la propagation du VIH et sida dans le monde en général et dans les pays arabes en particulier. Le cas du Maroc fait l'objet d'une étude de cas dans le présent article. …

  15. La protection contre le sida

    Ce manuel représente un guide pratique contenant des informations utiles destinées essentiellement aux élèves de l'école primaire et secondaire dans les pays arabes et musulmans, ainsi que pour le lecteur non spécialisé. Il est élaboré conjointement par l'Organisation islamique pour l'éducation, la science et la culture (ISESCO), en collaboration avec le bureau régional de la Méditerranée orientale de l'OMS et l'Organisation islamique des sciences médicales. …

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