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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The impact and cost of the HIV/AIDS investment framework for adolescents

    Background: In 2005, the resources needed to support orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa were estimated at US$1.1–4.1 billion. Approaches to support vulnerable children have changed considerably since then. This study updates previous estimates by including new types of support and information on support costs. Methods: We considered 16 types of support categorized as economic strengthening, education support, social care and community outreach, and program support. …

  2. AIDS in the family and community: The impact on child health in Malawi

    Pediatric HIV infections jeopardize children’s health and survival. Much less is known about how the experiences of being orphaned, living with chronically ill parents, or living in a severely affected community impact child health. Our study responds by examining which HIV/AIDS-related experiences place children at greatest risk for poor health. …

  3. The Impact of the HIV/AIDS and Economic Crises on Orphans and Other Vulnerable children in Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe, like most of Sub-Saharian Africa, has been hard-hit by HIV/AIDS. National estimates reported by the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare put the prevalence rates of HIV in the age group between 15 and 49 at 15.3% (WHO, UNICEF, & UNAIDS, 2008). This is one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in the world (UNAIDS, 2008). The impact of the pandemic has been so severe that current mitigation efforts fall short of alleviating the situation, especially as it pertains to the plight of children. …

  4. Turning a crisis into an opportunity: Strategies for scaling up the national response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Lesotho

    The way we interpret and understand HIV/AIDS influences our choice for programmatic interventions. Therefore, this report begins by providing conceptual starting points for a comprehensive understanding of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Chapter 1 sets the national historic context, which serves as a backdrop to the heritage which we seek to preserve, and the will of the people to win. …

  5. Key findings from the Zimbabwe HIV prevention information needs assessment

    The Southern African HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), with support from the Knowledge for Health (K4Health) project, conducted a series of national HIV information needs assessments in southern Africa to support the planning and development of a knowledge management program. This program aims to increase the dissemination and use of accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information in order to improve HIV prevention across the region. …

  6. Key findings on HIV prevention information needs in Lesotho

    Data was collected in late 2009 using qualitative research methods. Eleven key informant interviews were conducted with policy makers, opinion leaders, program managers, and development partners, all working on HIV and AIDS activities at the national level. Each was based in Maseru, though some of their work covered both rural and urban areas. Four focus group discussions (FGDs) were also conducted with a total of 17 participants. …

  7. The psychological effect of orphanhood in a matured HIV epidemic: an analysis of young people in Mukono, Uganda

    As the HIV pandemic progresses, the number of orphans is expected to rise. Uganda is one of the countries that has been most impacted by the pandemic. A few studies have explored the effects of orphanhood on psychological well-being; however, most of these studies have not explored potential pathways through which orphanhood could affect psychological well-being. Using a school-based sample, this study sought to examine the differences in depressive symptoms and hopelessness between orphans and non-orphans in Mukono District, Uganda. …

  8. Kenya's cash transfer program: protecting the health and human rights of orphans and vulnerable children

    In Kenya, as in other countries of sub-Saharan Africa heavily burdened by HIV/ AIDS, orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) face poverty and despair. There is an urgent need to provide a comprehensive response that supports families and communities in their efforts to care for children and safeguard their rights. The government of Kenya has established a cash transfer program that delivers financial and social support directly to the poorest households containing OVC, with special concern for those children with or affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  9. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2011/12 - 2015/16

    The National Strategic Plan has been developed to: Provide a strategic framework that will guide and inform the planning, coordination, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the national multisectoral and decentralised HIV and AIDS response based on the three-ones principle, evidence and results based management, gender and human rights approaches; Articulate national priorities, results and targets that all stakeholders and partners will contribute towards; Provide the basis for consolidating strategic partnerships and alliances especially with civil society organisations and the priva …

  10. Rethinking HIV/AIDS in South Africa: has the response been overmedicalized?

    This paper examines the potential impact of HIV/AIDS on different levels of South African society (individual, household, and national) over time. Using differences in demographic projections to guide the analysis, the prospective implications of HIV/AIDS on households, society, economy and nation are discussed and issues that could influence or mitigate those possible impacts are examined. …

  11. Kenya's HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy: Implications for Orphaned and Vulnerable Children and the Teaching of HIV/AIDS Education

    Kenya's HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy: Implications for Orphaned and Vulnerable Children and the Teaching of HIV/AIDS Education is a paper resulting from a study conducted in 2005-2006 on the 2004 HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy. It investigates the practical implications of the policy document in addressing provisions related to orphaned and vulnerable children and the teaching and learning of HIV/AIDS education. The paper further assesses practitioners' understanding of the policy. …

  12. The national HIV/AIDS behaviour change communication strategy 2009-2014

    The National Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) Strategy (2009-2014) will enable all implementing partners to develop and implement more effective HIV interventions by strengthening the BCC capacity of their program managers. It will also provide a strategic focus to planning BCC for a harmonised and coordinated response at all levels. This revised document builds on the National Prevention Plan for Nigeria, launched in 2008, which seeks to provide states with a minimum package of prevention activities. …

  13. Legal Education and Will Writing. For the Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children, Persons Living with HIV and other Persons Affected by HIV. Facilitator's Guide

    Legal Education and Will Writing. For the Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children, Persons Living with HIV and other Persons Affected by HIV. Facilitator's Guide, is a manual developed by the project Global HIV/AIDS Initiative Nigeria funded by USAID and coordinated by Family Health International in Nigeria. The manual presents the basic facts contained in the Nigerian Constitution, the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women and the Child's Right Act 2003, and provides practical tips on will writing. …

  14. National Guidelines and Standards of Practice on Orphans and Vulnerable Children

    National guidelines and standards of practice published by Nigeria's Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development in 2007 aim to assure and improve the quality of interventions that target orphans and vulnerable children in Nigeria. The guidance accords with federal government policies, international instruments, and internationally accepted best practices. It defines roles and responsibilities for all stakeholders and seeks to enhance collaboration and strategic partnerships between them. …

  15. Malawi National HIV/AIDS Action Framework (2005-2009)

    The National HIV/AIDS Action Framework (NAF) for Malawi was developed to cover the period 2005-2009 and it is based on the findings of the End of Term (ETR) review of the National Strategic Framework (NSF) for HIV/AIDS that guided the response from 2000-2004. This NAF was carried out using a highly participatory and nationwide consultative approach under eight pillars. …

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