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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Investigating risky sexual behaviours among youth in the context of the HIV epidemic in Mbeya region, Tanzania

    Mitigating HIV and AIDS among youth has been a major policy agenda both internationally and nationally, within Tanzania. Two concerns associated with mitigation efforts are increasing sexual activity at young ages and a burgeoning population of out-of-school youth whom poverty, lack of supervision, and unemployment seem to push into alternative life patterns that present risks to their health. This situation poses a serious challenge for Tanzania, where half the population is categorised as young.

  2. Swaziland behavioural surveillance survey (BSS)

    The objectives of the BSS Round One in Swaziland were to: Help establish a monitoring system that will track behavioral trend data for high-risk and vulnerable target groups in Swaziland; Provide information on behavioral trends of key target groups in some catchment areas where HIV sentinel sero-surveillance is done; Provide information that will increase understanding of HIV prevalence trends over time; Provide information to guide the planning, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of HIV/AIDS/STI interventions; Provide evidence of the relative success of HIV prevention efforts  …

  3. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice linked to HIV Prevention in Young Children and Adolescents

    This study covers children and young people living in vulnerable communities in high resettlement areas and a high-density poor peri-urban area in Luanda. The study carried out over three months highlighted that low levels of awareness and a lack of information in terms of quality reproductive and sexual health, within both rural and urban communities, is compounded by a lack of resources within social sectors. Young girls, the disabled and those involved or impacted upon by conflict are particularly vulnerable. …

  4. School health, nutrition and HIV/AIDS programming: promising practice in the Greater Mekong sub-Region

    The aim of this document is to share emerging promising practice in the field of school health and nutrition within the GMSR and to inform governments, development partners and other organizations that recognize the need to harmonize activities and align assistance. It aims to strengthen the Network of School Health, Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Ministry of Education Focal Points and further the establishment of a sound community of good practice in the sub-Region. …

  5. Educational access and HIV prevention: Making the case for education as a health priority in sub-Saharan Africa

    There is much evidence showing an association between sexual behavior and both attendance and attainment. Experimental evidence that school attendance leads to safer sexual behavior is currently under review. Studies suggest several pathways through which sexual behavior, and consequently the risk of HIV infection, may be influenced by schooling. Students attending school have a smaller sexual network and a stronger motivation to avoid the consequences of unprotected sex - both pregnancy and HIV infection - than their out-of-school peers.

  6. The response of the education sector in Jamaica to HIV and AIDS

    This study aims to assess the effectiveness of Jamaica's current and planned response to HIV and AIDS in the education sector, highlighting strengths and critical gaps. It outlines parameters for a strategic planning exercise that will develop an action plan for the period 2006-2010 for the education sector which in turn will contribute to the preparation of the National AIDS strategy for the same 5 year period. The report is based on data obtained through a review of documents, stakeholder interviews and field visits in Kingston, Browns Town and Ocho Rios. …

  7. Report on knowledge-attitude-practice survey in relation to HIV and AIDS of In-Out of school children and needs assessment of children infected and affected by HIV and AIDS, in Binh Thanh, Go Vap and Hoc Mon districts of Ho Chi Minh city

    This surveyed was commissioned to Life Quality Promotion Centre (Life Centre) by Save the Children UK with the main objectives to (i) find out Knowledge-Attitude-Practice (KAP) of children and youth related to HIV and AIDS and other related topics, and (ii) assess the needs for care and support of HIV and AIDS-infected and affected children and youth. …

  8. Access to conventional schoolong for children and young people affected by HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: a cross-national review of recent research evidence

    This paper examines the evidence on access to conventional schooling for children and young people affected by HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa and makes recommendations for the further development of the SOFIE Project. The findings reveal the highly complex and context specific nature of the educational impact. In some areas broad adaptive capacities are emerging that may enable households to support a larger number of orphans whilst in other areas households are reaching the limits of their capacity to cope. …

  9. Addressing gender relations in HIV preventive education

    This publication is one of the materials produced by the UNESCO Institute for Education for the project: "Developing Empowering Educational Strategies and Gender-Sensitive IEC (Information, Education and Communication) Materials for HIV Prevention" Their focus is on the educational strategies used outside the school system, which addresses the out-of-school youth and adults. …

  10. The role of open, distance and flexible learning in HIV/AIDS prevention and mitigation for affected youth in South Africa and Mozambique

    This study provides an initial examination of the potential of open, distance and flexible learning (ODFL) to mitigate the affects of HIV and AIDS on young people, through an examination of experiences from Mozambique and South Africa. It analyses national AIDS policy and identifies major ODFL initiatives to translate this policy into practice. It explores the learning needs and favourite ways of learning of young people affected by HIV and AIDS, and suggests ways for ODFL to support and extend the work of existing infrastructures. …

  11. HIV and AIDS knowledge, attitudes, practices and behaviour (KAPB) study in Namibia

    UNICEF’s Education for HIV Prevention and Mitigation Programme (EHPM) focuses on strengthening the capacity of adolescents and communities to fulfill their rights to correct information and appropriate skills enabling them to make correct choices for HIV prevention. EHPM will contribute to a reduction in risk-behaviour among adolescents through provision of life skills education for HIV prevention and mitigate the effects of HIV/AIDS on children’s access to basic education through the development and implementation of national level systems and promotion of school-community support systems. …

  12. Another way to learn...: case studies

    Another way to learn is a UNESCO initiative that supports Non-Formal Education projects working around the world in Africa, South Asia, the Caribbean and Latin America. The long-term goal of these projects is to develop sustainable livelihoods for low-income, low-literate populations by addressing vulnerability to HIV and AIDS and drug misuse, a lack of education and social exclusion. Central to all of these projects are the creative and innovative methods used to communicate in a meaningful way, engage people and encourage their participation. …

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