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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A possible role of stigma and fears in HIV infection

    Fear/Stigma associated with HIV/AIDS continues to avert responses to the epidemic. Data (obtained in Tshwane metropolis) were used to test stigma/fear dimensions of an instrument. Factor analysis identified five foci of fear and stigma. There were significant differences on the factor scale measuring fear of sex, with females and younger respondents having significantly greater fear. Results were interpreted within a cultural context that realises that decreasing AIDS stigma is a vital step in stemming the pandemic.

  2. Intersectionality of HIV stigma and masculinity in eastern Uganda: implications for involving men in HIV programmes

    Background: Stigma is a determinant of social and health inequalities. In addition, some notions of masculinity can disadvantage men in terms of health outcomes. However, few studies have explored the extent to which these two axes of social inequality intersect to influence men’s health outcomes. This paper investigates the intersection of HIV stigma and masculinity, and its perceived impact on men’s participation in and utilisation of HIV services in Uganda. Methods: Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted in Mbale and Jinja districts of Uganda between June and October 2010. …

  3. Do South African learners stigmatize HIV/AIDS infected peers?

    The results of this Brief point to an increased significance of strengthening educational programmes and policies in the schooling sector as South Africa strives to reduce not only the prevalence of HIV and AIDS but also to develop positive learner attitudes among children of school going age. …

  4. Embrace diversity in school: say no to HIV-related stigma and other forms of discrimination

    What are the challenges an HIV positive student is facing at school? What other forms of prejudice and associated intolerance a student may be encountering? This 4-minute video produced by UNESCO, and supported by UNAIDS, gathers testimonies of young people who suffered from bullying and discrimination in the school environment because of who they are. Bringing into light the real life experiences of HIV-positive, gay, lesbian, overweight and pregnant students helps break the silence often surrounding these issues. …

  5. Manual para la sensibilización contra la estigmatización y la discriminación asociados al VIH/SIDA

    Este documento es producto del esfuerzo conjunto del Equipo de Coordinación del Programa de VIH/SIDA de CRG, y especialmente del personal del Proyecto "Prevención de VIH/SIDA en Centros de Educación Secundaria del Departamento de Izabal". El proceso inició en octubre del 2003, con la visita a más de 20 organizaciones nacionales e internacionales de trabajo en prevención, atención y control en VIH/SIDA, con el fin de obtener información sistematizada sobre las acciones que promovieran la erradicación del estigma y la discriminación. …

  6. Discriminación Social y la Salud: El Caso de los Hombres Latinos Homosexuales y el Riesgo de Infección por HIV

    En este estudio, que se fundamenta en datos empíricos obtenidos de latinos homosexuales y bisexuales en tres ciudades de los EE.UU., documentamos la relación que existe entre formas específicas de discriminación social-homofobia, racismo y penurias económicas-y una determinada consecuencia para la salud: el aumento del riesgo para la transmisión del VIH. …

  7. Caring for People Affected By HIV and AIDS (Level 2)

    This book is intended to help young people affected by HIV and AIDS to care for others while protecting and caring for themselves at the same time. It is also intended to promote understanding of the issues around caring for those with HIV and AIDS. It can be used across the curriculum: in literacy, social studies, life skills and science classes as well as in after-school or community clubs.

  8. Individual- and community-level determinants of social acceptance of people living with HIV in Kenya: results from a national population-based survey

    Using data from the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, we investigated the influence of individual- and community-level factors on accepting attitudes toward people living with HIV (PHLIV) using three outcomes: willingness to care for an infected household member, willingness to buy vegetables from an infected vendor, and willingness to allow an infected female teacher to continue teaching. Multilevel logistic regression models, with individuals at the first level and community variables at the second level, were performed. …

  9. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS and care. HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination: an anthropological approach

    Ce document résulte d'un projet conjoint de l'UNESCO et d'ONUSIDA intitulé "L'approche culturelle de la prévention et du traitement du VIH et sida". Il vise à lutter contre la stigmatisation et la discrimination des personnes vivant avec le VIH. Ce document présente les actes de la table ronde organisée en novembre 2002 dans le cadre du projet sur le thème: " VIH et sida, stigmatisation et discrimination : une approche anthropologique ". …

  10. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma. Toolkit for action. Module J. Young people and stigma

    This document is part of a toolkit written for and by HIV trainers. It has been designed to help trainers plan and organise educational sessions with community leaders or organised groups. The toolkit consists in a collection of participatory training exercises to help people at all levels understand stigma - what it means, why it is an important issue, what its root causes are - and develop strategies to challenge stigma and discrimination. The present document contains the Module J "Young people and stigma". …

  11. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma. Toolkit for action. Introduction and module A. Using the toolkit, naming the problem

    This document is part of a toolkit written for and by HIV trainers. The toolkit has been designed to help trainers plan and organise educational sessions with community leaders or organised groups. It consists in a collection of participatory training exercices to help people at all levels understand stigma - what it means, why it is an important issue, what its root causes are - and develop strategies to challenge stigma and discrimination.The present document contains the introduction to the toolkit and the Module A, "Naming the problem". …

  12. Lenguaje apropiado en VIH/SIDA

    Lenguaje apropiado en VIH/SIDA

  13. Discriminación por VIH/SIDA en Chile: cambios y continuidades en el periodo 2002-2005

    La presente publicación es un estudio cualitativo que aborda las situaciones de discriminación que afectan a las personas viviendo con VIH/SIDA en los ámbitos de atención, trabajo, educación y entorno familiar. Para ello, se trabajó con 38 personas viviendo con VIH/SIDA (19 hombres y 19 mujeres) que representan a 18 agrupaciones de la Red VIVO POSITIVO, ubicadas en 13 regiones del país. Por otro lado, estos resultados se comparan con una investigación de similares características realizada el 2002. …

  14. Tackling HIV/AIDS Stigma: Guidelines for the workplace

    These guidelines were developed to provide people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA), HIV/AIDS co-ordinators and managers within a workplace setting with practical and user-friendly recommendations on how to create a HIV/AIDS-friendly environment in an appropriate and effective manner. Although the research was conducted in a government workplace, it is believed that many of the recommendations are relevant in other workplace settings. Additional sets of guidelines are available for the faith and PLHA sectors. …

  15. Tackling HIV/AIDS Stigma: Guidelines for faith-based organisations

    These guidelines were developed to provide faith leaders, HIVAIDS committees,people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in the faith community and opinion leaders within the faith-based sector with practical and user-friendly recommendations on how to create an environment free of HIV/AIDS stigma. Additional guidelines for PLHAs and media, and the national government workplace sector, are also available. The guidelines are not exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with other guideline Siyam'kela documents produced on HIV/AIDS and stigma.

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