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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV infection and sexual risk behaviour among youth who have experienced orphanhood: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Background: Previous research has suggested that orphaned children and adolescents might have elevated risk for HIV infection. We examined the state of evidence regarding the association between orphan status and HIV risk in studies of youth aged 24 years and younger. Methods: Using systematic review methodology, we identified 10 studies reporting data from 12 countries comparing orphaned and non-orphaned youth on HIV-related risk indicators, including HIV serostatus, other sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy and sexual behaviours. …

  2. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  3. HIV/AIDS control in Kabarole District, Uganda

    Since the early 1980s, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has spread rapidly throughout the African continent. By the end of 2001 an estimated 29 million people were living with HIV in Africa. That same year 3.5 million people became newly infected with the disease and 2.2 million individuals died from AIDS-related causes. At the end of 2001, more than 14 million children worldwide had lost one or both parents to the epidemic. By providing support to a number of projects, GTZ has been assisting African countries in their fight against the epidemic since 1987. …

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