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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Kenya fast-track plan to end HIV and AIDS along adolescents and young people

    Goal: To fast-track the HIV response to end new HIV infections, AIDS related deaths and stigma and discrimination in adolescents and young people. Objectives of this fast-track plan: 1. To reduce new HIV infections among adolescents and young people by 40%; 2. To reduce AIDS related deaths among adolescent and young people by 15%; 3. To reduce stigma and discrimination by 25%. Target beneficiaries: The target beneficiary populations are adolescent boys and girls aged 10 – 19 years and young people, particularly women, aged 20 – 24 years. …

  2. Assessment of the psychometric properties of HIV knowledge items across five countries

    HIV knowledge is commonly measured in HIV prevention research and program evaluations, but rigorous measurement standards are not always applied. Using item response theory methods, we examined the psychometric functioning of five commonly used HIV knowledge questions in five countries with varying HIV prevalence. We evaluated the internal consistency and measurement invariance of the items. The items performed poorly in all samples and the scale as a whole did not perform equally across samples. …

  3. Operacionalização do PEN III. Plano operacional de comunicação em HIV e SIDA / 2012

    O Plano Operacional de Comunicação em HIV/SIDA é relativo aos anos 2011 e 2012. Este plano e as matrizes em anexo permitem uma melhor coordenação entre os intervenientes na Resposta ao HIV/SIDA, é um instrumento para criar interligações entre os actores chave, identificar esforços e lacunas, parceiros locais, nacionais e internacionais, tendo em vista uma comunicação eficaz e com impacto. O plano foi elaborado à luz dos documentos estratégicos da Resposta Nacional ao HIV e SIDA.

  4. South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012

    Currently 6.4 million people in South Africa live with HIV, this figure represents a quarter of the burden of HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa and 18 per cent of the global burden. With this view, the South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012 is a crucial report for government, policy makers and other stakeholders as they work towards reducing the HIV epidemic in South Africa. This 2012 HIV survey is the fourth in the series of national population-based surveys. The survey was conducted from December 2011 to November 2012. …

  5. Tanzania third national multi-sectoral strategic framework for HIV and AIDS (2013/14 - 2017/18)

    The Third National Multi-Sectoral Strategic Framework for Mainland Tanzania 2013/14-17/18 (NMSF III) provides a common understanding for all HIV and AIDS stakeholders and reflects current normative guidance in the national response effort. Development of the NMSF III has incorporated the evaluations of the previous NMSF II (2008-2012) and recent epidemiological analyses of HIV in Tanzania. …

  6. Dating violence among school students in Tanzania and South Africa: prevalence and socio-demographic variations

    Aims: To identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. …

  7. Sierra Leone HIV modes of transmission study 2010

    This study is the outcome of close collaboration between UNAIDS and UNICEF, Sierra Leone Country Offices to support the Government of Sierra Leone to respond to the HIV epidemic in the country through the National AIDS Secretariat by initiating the UNAIDS Modes of Transmission model for Sierra Leone. The purpose of the model is to understand the sources of new HIV infections for better programme planning and support of programme pillars. …

  8. Situation de la lutte contre le VIH au Burundi

    Cette enquête commanditée par le Réseau Burundais des Personnes vivant avec le VIH/SIDA (RBP+) a pour objet l'établissement d'un point sur la situation de la lutte contre le Sida au Burundi du 1er octobre 2007 au 30 novembre 2008. Elle identifie l'ensemble des centres de dépistage volontaire (CDV), dont la répartition est déséquilibrée au profit des centres urbains. Quoi qu'il en soit, la couverture géographique reste critique. La prévention de la transmission de la mère à l'enfant (PTME) est largement déficiente. …

  9. Demographic and socioeconomic patterns of HIV/AIDS prevalence in Africa

    Understanding the demographic and socioeconomic patterns of the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa is crucial for developing programs and policies to combat HIV/AIDS. This paper looks critically at the methods and analytical challenges to study the links between socioeconomic and demographic status and HIV/AIDS. Some of the misconceptions about the HIV/AIDS epidemic are discussed and unusual empirical evidence from the existing body of work is presented. Several important messages emerge from the results. …

  10. Cadre stratégique national de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA et les IST 2009-2013

    Le Cadre Stratégique National de Lutte contre le VIH/SIDA 2009-2013 (CSN 2009-2013) constitue le document d'orientation de la réponse du Congo à l'épidémie du VIH/SIDA pendant les cinq prochaines années. Le CSN 2009-2013 s'inscrit dans la perspective de consolidation, capitalisation des acquis de la réponse nationale au VIH/SIDA, et de l'élargissement de la réponse en vue de l'accès universel aux services de prévention, de soins et de traitement et d'appui, en cohérence avec la stratégie nationale de réduction de la pauvreté. …

  11. Involving young people in efforts to combat HIV and AIDS in Africa: the importance of income-generating strategies

    Poverty and limited access to health care, education, and paid employement create situations that make young people most vulnerable to HIV infection. This paper examines the importance of developing strategies to involve young people in income-generating activities to fight HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. These strategies support young people in gaining important skills and earning income to reduce their own poverty. The strategies also help foster a sense of hope and purpose in young people as they contribute to addressing this social problem. …

  12. The AIDS 2008 impact report: evidence to action

    The purpose of the 'AIDS 2008 Impact Report: Evidence to Action' is to inform the global response to HIV using the evidence, lessons learned, and debates from the XVII International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2008), held in Mexico City from 3-8 August 2008. The 'AIDS 2008 Impact Report' is intended to be used by all stakeholders to support implementation of evidence-based policy and programming that will bring us closer to the goal of universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. It is divided into five major sections: 1. …

  13. What Happened in Uganda? Declining HIV prevalence, Behavior Change, and the National Response

    This document is not intended to provide a definite explanation for Uganda's AIDS prevention successes during the 1980s and 1990s. Rather, it is a synthesis of presentations made in February 2002 at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) by four individuals with long-term experience in HIV prevention in Africa. USAID commissioned a summary document synthesising the ideas presented by these researchers. …

  14. The HIV and AIDS epidemic in Zimbabwe: Where are we now? Where are we going? Background, projections, impacts, strategic response

    This document provides background to the epidemic, gives consideration to the social and economic impacts of the epidemic, looks at the national strategic response and makes projections about the epidemic under certain assumptions. It will be accompanied by a series of policy briefs that look at different programmatic interventions.

  15. Telling it How it is? The UNAIDS 2003 Update on the AIDS Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Obtaining an accurate picture of the levels and trends in HIV prevalence is not just some 'pointless academic' exercise. It is critically important in order to establish the actual and likely impacts of the epidemic, particularly in high prevalence countries, and to gauge the effectiveness of government and other prevention programmes.The 2003 AIDS Epidemic Update recently published by UNAIDS is widely regarded as the most authoritative assessment of the current state of the epidemic in Sub-Sahara Africa and elsewhere. …

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