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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Integrated Strategy for HIV, Hepatitis B and C and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections

    The Strategy aims to sustainably contain HIV, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, HPV and other sexually transmitted infections. This can improve the overall health of the population by preventing serious related diseases such as AIDS, cancer or cirrhosis of the liver. Undesired childlessness and miscarriages are averted and diseases among newborns prevented. In addition to positive individual and societal effects, preventing infections, as well as early diagnoses, might contribute to a reduction in healthcare expenditure. …

  2. Acceptance and coping: National HIV strategy (2009-2014)

    The comprehensive aim of this strategy is that at the end of the strategy period, Norway will be a society that accepts and copes with HIV in a way that both limits new infection and gives persons living with HIV good conditions for social inclusion in all phases of their lives. Specific objectives: 1) Increase the knowledge about and awareness of HIV and AIDS in the population. 2) Reduce stigmatisation and discrimination associated with HIV. …

  3. HIV in the United Kingdom: 2013 Report

    This report presents key findings and statistics on the number of people living with HIV, new HIV diagnosis, recent infection and incidence, testing, HIV and STI co-infections, HIV and TB co-infections, quality of HIV care, and HIV and health inequality.

  4. Prevalence of HIV and other infections and risk behaviour among injecting drug users in Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia in 2007: Study report

    The current report provides results from a cross-sectional bio-behavioural study on HIV and related infections and risk behaviours among current IDUs in the capital cities of the three Baltic countries. The first section of the report provides basic information on the three Baltic countries in general, and injecting drug use, HIV and other infections’ epidemiological situations, health care and harm reduction services in more detail. …

  5. Never tested for HIV in Latin-American migrants and Spaniards: prevalence and percieved barriers

    Increasing the uptake of HIV testing and decreasing the number of undiagnosed people is a priority for HIV prevention. Understanding the barriers that hinder people from testing is vital, particularly when working with especially vulnerable populations like migrants. Barriers to HIV testing in Latin-American migrants living in Europe remain unexplored. Still, they account for a quarter of new diagnosis in Spain and suffer higher rates of delayed diagnosis. Between May 2008 and March 2011, a mobile unit offered free rapid HIV tests in different Spanish cities. …

  6. HIV infection and sexual risk behaviour among youth who have experienced orphanhood: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Background: Previous research has suggested that orphaned children and adolescents might have elevated risk for HIV infection. We examined the state of evidence regarding the association between orphan status and HIV risk in studies of youth aged 24 years and younger. Methods: Using systematic review methodology, we identified 10 studies reporting data from 12 countries comparing orphaned and non-orphaned youth on HIV-related risk indicators, including HIV serostatus, other sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy and sexual behaviours. …

  7. Previous reproductive history and post-natal family planning among HIV-infected women in Ukraine

    This document describes post-natal family planning practices among HIV-positive childbearing women in Ukraine.

  8. The HIV/AIDS Pandemic in Comparative Perspective: The Cases of India and Russia

    After examining the history of HIV/AIDS in Russia and India, the article examines the present prevalence of, and future projections for, HIV/AIDS in both countries. It also discusses the economic, political, and social consequences of the pandemic in either region, while evaluating the effectiveness of the Indian and Russian governmental attempts to stem the health crisis. The article concludes with certain policy recommendations for the target countries' respective governments.

  9. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in eastern Europe: recent patterns and trends and their implications for policy-making

    This document describes recent patterns and trends in the HIV epidemic in eastern Europe. AIDS programme managers and epidemiologists of 23 countries were contacted and requested to provide national HIV surveillance data. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS/World Health Organisation country fact sheets were reviewed and analysed, and this information was supplemented with published HIV prevalence and sexually transmitted disease case reporting information, unpublished travel reports and expert evaluations.

  10. HIV and AIDS in the Caucasus Region: A Socio-Cultural Approach

    This work is the outcome of a year-long project directed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), funded by the Flemish government, and assisted by the National HIV/AIDS Centers in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. …

  11. Multicity HIV seroprevalence in street youth, Ukraine

    The authors conducted the first systematic, community-based, multicity assessment outside of the United States of HIV seroprevalence, risk factors, and linkage to clinical services among 929 street youth. After city-wide mapping, the authors used time-location sampling and randomly selected 74 venues in Odesa, Kyiv and Donetsk, Ukraine. Rapid HIV testing with post-test counseling were offered to all eligible youths ages 15-24 years. Overall, 18.4% were HIV positive and 85% had a previously unknown status. Rates were identical by sex. …

  12. The AIDS 2008 impact report: evidence to action

    The purpose of the 'AIDS 2008 Impact Report: Evidence to Action' is to inform the global response to HIV using the evidence, lessons learned, and debates from the XVII International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2008), held in Mexico City from 3-8 August 2008. The 'AIDS 2008 Impact Report' is intended to be used by all stakeholders to support implementation of evidence-based policy and programming that will bring us closer to the goal of universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. It is divided into five major sections: 1. …

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