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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Kenya fast-track plan to end HIV and AIDS along adolescents and young people

    Goal: To fast-track the HIV response to end new HIV infections, AIDS related deaths and stigma and discrimination in adolescents and young people. Objectives of this fast-track plan: 1. To reduce new HIV infections among adolescents and young people by 40%; 2. To reduce AIDS related deaths among adolescent and young people by 15%; 3. To reduce stigma and discrimination by 25%. Target beneficiaries: The target beneficiary populations are adolescent boys and girls aged 10 – 19 years and young people, particularly women, aged 20 – 24 years. …

  2. Never tested for HIV in Latin-American migrants and Spaniards: prevalence and percieved barriers

    Increasing the uptake of HIV testing and decreasing the number of undiagnosed people is a priority for HIV prevention. Understanding the barriers that hinder people from testing is vital, particularly when working with especially vulnerable populations like migrants. Barriers to HIV testing in Latin-American migrants living in Europe remain unexplored. Still, they account for a quarter of new diagnosis in Spain and suffer higher rates of delayed diagnosis. Between May 2008 and March 2011, a mobile unit offered free rapid HIV tests in different Spanish cities. …

  3. Dating violence among school students in Tanzania and South Africa: prevalence and socio-demographic variations

    Aims: To identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. …

  4. Towards Universal Access. Scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector. 2010 Progress Report

    This report reviews the progress made in 2009 in scaling up access to selected health sector interventions for HIV prevention, treatment and care in low- and middle income countries. It is the fourth in a series of annual progress reports published since 2006 by the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/ AIDS (UNAIDS) in collaboration with international and national partners to monitor key components of the health sector response to the HIV epidemic worldwide.

  5. Opportunity in crisis: preventing HIV from early adolescence to young adulthood

    This newly released report, published by UNICEF with UNAIDS, UNESCO, UNFPA, ILO, WHO and the World Bank, describes the state of the epidemic in young people, the evidence for effective responses that address behavioural, social and structural challenges and prevent new HIV infections in young people. Country-specific data is shared.

  6. Previous reproductive history and post-natal family planning among HIV-infected women in Ukraine

    This document describes post-natal family planning practices among HIV-positive childbearing women in Ukraine.

  7. The HIV/AIDS Pandemic in Comparative Perspective: The Cases of India and Russia

    After examining the history of HIV/AIDS in Russia and India, the article examines the present prevalence of, and future projections for, HIV/AIDS in both countries. It also discusses the economic, political, and social consequences of the pandemic in either region, while evaluating the effectiveness of the Indian and Russian governmental attempts to stem the health crisis. The article concludes with certain policy recommendations for the target countries' respective governments.

  8. Evolution of China's response to HIV/AIDS

    This documents talks about Four factors which have driven China's response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic: (1) existing government structures and networks of relationships; (2) increasing scientific information; (3) external influences that underscored the potential consequences of an HIV/AIDS pandemic and thus accelerated strategic planning; and (4) increasing political commitment at the highest levels. China's response culminated in legislation to control HIV/AIDS - the AIDS Prevention and Control Regulations. Three major initiatives are being scaled up concurrently. …

  9. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in eastern Europe: recent patterns and trends and their implications for policy-making

    This document describes recent patterns and trends in the HIV epidemic in eastern Europe. AIDS programme managers and epidemiologists of 23 countries were contacted and requested to provide national HIV surveillance data. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS/World Health Organisation country fact sheets were reviewed and analysed, and this information was supplemented with published HIV prevalence and sexually transmitted disease case reporting information, unpublished travel reports and expert evaluations.

  10. Sierra Leone HIV modes of transmission study 2010

    This study is the outcome of close collaboration between UNAIDS and UNICEF, Sierra Leone Country Offices to support the Government of Sierra Leone to respond to the HIV epidemic in the country through the National AIDS Secretariat by initiating the UNAIDS Modes of Transmission model for Sierra Leone. The purpose of the model is to understand the sources of new HIV infections for better programme planning and support of programme pillars. …

  11. HIV and AIDS in the Caucasus Region: A Socio-Cultural Approach

    This work is the outcome of a year-long project directed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), funded by the Flemish government, and assisted by the National HIV/AIDS Centers in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. …

  12. Knowledge, attitudes and practices concerning HIV/AIDS among Iranian at-risk sub-populations

    This study in 2003 looked at knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning HIV among 3 high-risk groups (201 cross-border truck drivers, 50 female sex workers and 754 youths) in 4 cities in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The level of knowledge about HIV was low on average, especially among individuals with high-risk behaviours. Truck drivers and female sex workers had higher knowledge about sexually transmitted infections than youths but their knowledge came primarily from personal experience rather than public awareness programmes. …

  13. Multicity HIV seroprevalence in street youth, Ukraine

    The authors conducted the first systematic, community-based, multicity assessment outside of the United States of HIV seroprevalence, risk factors, and linkage to clinical services among 929 street youth. After city-wide mapping, the authors used time-location sampling and randomly selected 74 venues in Odesa, Kyiv and Donetsk, Ukraine. Rapid HIV testing with post-test counseling were offered to all eligible youths ages 15-24 years. Overall, 18.4% were HIV positive and 85% had a previously unknown status. Rates were identical by sex. …

  14. El temor y desinformación sobre el sida prevalecen entre la población Chimalteca

    La situación del VIH/SIDA en Chimaltenango (Guatemala). Los problemas de cobertura y seguimiento de los casos, y las medidas para informar a la población y tratar a quienes viven con VIH.

  15. Demographic and socioeconomic patterns of HIV/AIDS prevalence in Africa

    Understanding the demographic and socioeconomic patterns of the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa is crucial for developing programs and policies to combat HIV/AIDS. This paper looks critically at the methods and analytical challenges to study the links between socioeconomic and demographic status and HIV/AIDS. Some of the misconceptions about the HIV/AIDS epidemic are discussed and unusual empirical evidence from the existing body of work is presented. Several important messages emerge from the results. …

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