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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Inviting Backchat: How schools and communities in Ghana, Swaziland and Kenya support children to contextualise knowledge and create agency through sexuality education

    Education about sex, relationships and HIV and AIDS in African contexts is riddled with socio-cultural complexity. In this paper the authors argue that in extreme contexts education can lead change further by developing young people as significant actors in their own lives and in the lives of the community by bringing about change in attitudes in the community, as well as practices in schools. …

  2. If you don't abstain, you will die of AIDS: AIDS education in Kenyan public schools

    We explored constraints of implementing AIDS education in public schools in Kenya. Sixty interviews with teachers and 60 focus group discussions with students were conducted in 21 primary and nine secondary schools. System/school-level constraints included lack of time in the curriculum, limited reach of secondary-school students (because AIDS education is embedded in biology, which is not compulsory), and disapproval of openness about sex and condoms by the Ministry of Education and parents. Alternative strategies to teach about AIDS had their own constraints. …

  3. Are there any disparities between girls and boys in the response of the education sector to HIV and AIDS? Assessment of educational HIV/AIDS prevention programmes applied by SACMEQ III countries

    This paper aims to assess whether the goals of the in-school programmes on prevention of HIV and AIDS that are taught in primary schools of 15 national ministries of education in Southern and Eastern Africa have been reached equitably between boys and girls by the end of primary education. One feature of most of these ministries is that they are in countries that are the hardest hit by a general HIV epidemic. More specifically, the paper aims to analyse schoolboys’ and schoolgirls’ general knowledge about HIV and AIDS. …

  4. Pupil and teacher knowledge about HIV and AIDS in Kenya

    The Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ) is a network of 15 Ministries of Education: Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania (Mainland), Tanzania (Zanzibar), Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  5. The impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education in Kenya

    The objectives of the study were: 1) To assess the impact of HIV/AIDS on demand and supply of education in primary schools in Kenya; 2) To assess the anticipated trends of the impact of HIV/AIDS on primary schools in Kenya for the next 10 to 15 years; and 3) To review the role of education in mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS in the educational sector.

  6. Sustainability of gains made in a primary school HIV prevention programme in Kenya into the secondary school years

    The question addressed in this paper is whether the beneficial effects of Primary School Action for Better Health (PSABH), an HIV prevention programme delivered in Kenyan primary schools, continue once students move on to secondary schools. Questionnaires were completed in December 2005 and January 2006 by all form 1-3 students in 154 randomly selected secondary schools. …

  7. A multi-level model of condom use among male and female upper primary school students in Nyanza, Kenya

    Although several studies have emphasized the relevance of community level variables to AIDS prevention among young people in sub-Saharan Africa, few have tested the empirical connections between such variables and sexual behaviors. Using data from 3645 sexually experienced grade 6 and 7 students from 160 schools, this study applies hierarchical linear models to estimate the effects of individual and community level variables on condom use among youth in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Four separate models were fit for both males and females. …

  8. Exploring the preparation of teachers to teach about HIV/AIDS in Kenya

    This paper reports preliminary findings on how a primary teacher-training college in Kenya is preparing teacher trainees to teach about HIV/AIDS. Included are features of the Kenya education system. The aim of the study was to understand the preparation of teachers to teach about HIV/AIDS by exploring both teacher-trainers' and trainees' preparedness. The study was conducted by carrying out document review, observation and semi-structured interviews with the college administration, two teacher trainers, as well as a group interview with four trainees. …

  9. Quasi-experimental evaluation of a national primary school HIV intervention in Kenya

    This study examined the impact of a primary-school HIV education initiative on the knowledge, self-efficacy and sexual and condom use activities of upper primary-school pupils in Kenya. …

  10. First regional conference on secondary education in Africa (SEIA) held in Kampala, Uganda, June 9-13, 2003

    This report presents the proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Secondary Education in Africa, organized by the World Bank in June 2003 and hosted by the Uganda Ministry of Education. The conference forms part of a major multi-year (2002-2005) work program on Secondary Education in Africa (SEIA) conducted by the Human Development Department of the Africa Region of the World Bank. …

  11. Primary education syllabus

    This syllabus is an improvement of the existing 8-4-4 education syllabus and is available in two volumes. In order to remain relevant in the midst of the changing needs of the society, this new primary school curriculum has incorporated vital emerging issues, which include: industrial transformation of the country, environmental education, health issues like drug abuse and HIV and AIDS pandemic, gender issues, human rights, child's rights, moral values and social responsibility. The document provides both general and specific objectives for each grade. …

  12. The Sound of silence: difficulties in communicating on HIV/AIDS in schools

    This booklet reports the results of a survey conducted in India and Kenya that focused on HIV/AIDS education. The study areas were chosen because they have state sponsored HIV/AIDS curriculum. Over 3,000 parents, teachers and students were surveyed for the report, making this work of interest to teachers, policy makers, parents and community leaders. The report contains seven sections. The beginning consists of an introduction with rationale for the survey, methodology and an executive summary. …

  13. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education: A Case study on selected districts of Kenya

    This study compares, describes, and analyzes the impact of HIV/Aids on primary education in Kenya in terms of enrolment, participation, completion and drop-out rates of pupils in selected urban and rural case study schools in two districts, Homa Bay and Murang'a. Utilising special techniques from focus group discussion (FGD) and interviews, the study explores the impact of HIV/AIDS on the two disctricts paying special attention to gender perspectives, AIDS orphans and the stigma related to HIV/AIDS. …

  14. National HIV/AIDS Preventive Education in Primary Schools, Secondary Schools and Teacher Training Colleges

    Since the first incident of HIV/AIDS in Kenya was reported in 1984, the Government responded with the sessional paper No.4 of 1997 detailing its policy framework on HIV/AIDS. This has resulted in a five-year national strategic plan on HIV/AIDS control.Consequently, on 25th November 1999, His Excellency the President declared HIV/AIDS a national disaster. …

  15. Primary School Action for Better Health

    This manual offers a set if teaching support materials developed by the Centre for British Teachers that uses existing subjects within the Kenyan primary school curricula to infuse HIV/AIDS messages.

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