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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV/AIDS and conflicts: micro evidence from Burundi

    This paper studies the relationship between civil war and HIV/AIDS in Burundi. It contributes to the empirical literature by providing micro level evidence using an identication strategy based on original data on the dynamics of rebel movements. The presence of exit and entry points from and to rebel safe havens is used to generate exogenous variation in con ict intensity. These points are plausibly assumed to serve as starting or end points for rebel attack, but are not directly related to HIV/AIDS or correlated with unobservables. …

  2. When the safety net fails. Children in West and Central Africa and the risk of HIV infection

    This publication looks at children who are vulnerable to HIV infection, providing services to mitigate this vulnerability and to assist those who have already acquired HIV. To explore this, the authors spoke to more than 1,000 children and adolescents aged 8 to 20 years living in communities severely affected by war and displacement, child trafficking, or high HIV mortality - communities in which the social safety net had been severely disrupted. …

  3. National policy on HIV/AIDS

    This National Policy document aims to give a vision and guiding frameworks to all stakeholders working in HIV/AIDS in the Republic of Sudan to enable the country achieve its objectives in improving the welfare and the quality of life of Sudanese people and prevent potential impact of this epidemic in the development of our nation. The document call for a comprehensive multisectorial response that engage all actors form governments, UN, Civil Society, NGOs and Private sectors as well as bilateral and multilateral agencies. …

  4. World disasters report 2008: focus on HIV and AIDS

    The AIDS epidemic is a disaster on many levels. In the most affected countries in sub-Saharan Africa, where prevalence rates reach 20 per cent, development gains are reversed and life expectancy may be halved. For specific groups of marginalized people - injecting drug users, sex workers and men who have sex with men - across the world, HIV rates are on the increase. Yet they often face stigma, criminalization and little, if any, access to HIV prevention and treatment services. …

  5. Strategies to support the HIV-related needs of refugees and host populations

    In this study, UNHCR and UNAIDS seek to inform and support key decision-makers on HIV-related issues facing refugees, other populations of concern to UNHCR, and the populations of host countries. The content of this document focuses on sub-Saharan Africa, but the concepts discussed are applicable to refugee situations outside this region. This report presents an overview of the following areas. a) The various transitions of refugee life-often referred to as the ""cycle of displacement""-which begin at the onset of a complex emergency and last until a durable solution is implemented. …

  6. Kosovar strategy for HIV/AIDS prevention 2004-2008

    The Kosovar Strategy for HIV/AIDS Prevention has been designed as a flexible document to guide the Kosovar multisectorial response to HIV/AIDS from the year 2004 to 2008. Based on a careful analysis of the Kosovar situation and the initiatives in response to HIV/AIDS and through a series of strategic workshops with all stakeholders the following priority areas were defined: A. …

  7. Humanitarian programmes and HIV and AIDS: a practical approach to mainstreaming

    It is important that all emergency field staff including engineers, health promoters, managers, and co-ordinators have sufficient knowledge of HIV and AIDS in order to plan and implement a mainstreamed humanitarian programme. This manual is primarily based on Oxfam experiences, and the learning and examples of good practice will be useful for all organisations who have field staff working in humanitarian programmes. …

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