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There is now a broad consensus that an enabling policy environment is needed to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic, given its cross-cutting nature. This realisation has led to an increasing demand for dedicated policies for informing and guiding programming and activity planning regarding HIV/AIDS. It would, however, appear that there is a dearth of policy development skills among the majority of actors in the HIV/AIDS subsector. Past efforts to develop HIV/AIDS policy often lacked analytical depth and failed to identify key HIV/AIDS issue areas. …
The Resource Needs Model (RNM) is an Excel-based tool used to calculate the total resources needed at national and decentralized levels for HIV-related prevention and care, as well as support for orphans and vulnerable children. The RNM can help inform national- and district-level budgeting and strategic planning efforts; it estimates: the resources needed for interventions that aim to achieve expected coverage of a particular population using default unit costs; and resource implications of extending interventions and coverage and introducing unit cost changes.
A UNAIDS report on how the Government of Thailand dealt with the AIDS epidemic during its period of economic hardship. The paper introduces the conceptual framework of interrelated consequences of the economic crisis on HIV/AIDS prevention and control. It also describes how national and provincial programme managers have responded to budget cuts, and discusses the impact the cuts may have on the effectiveness of programmes.