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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Strengthening education in West and Central Africa by improving learners’ sexual and reproductive health

    West and Central Africa (WCA) is the region of the world with the largest percentage of young people and the highest gender disparity in education.

  2. School-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy in adolescents (Review)

    Background: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Objectives: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents.

  3. The role of schools in supporting HIV-affected children in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

    Aim: To establish an overview of school-based interventions carried out to support the health and well-being of vulnerable children in Zimbabwe and similar socio-economic contexts in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: A literature search was carried out in Web of Knowledge using combinations of the following search terms: support, intervention, school, child, Zimbabwe, sub-Saharan Africa, health, well-being, inclusion and enrolment. A total of 12 articles were identified as relevant to the research question and included in this review. …

  4. The impact of HIV/AIDS on children’s educational outcome: A critical review of global literature

    The number of children losing one or both parents to HIV/AIDS has continued to rise in the past decade, with most of them being school-aged children. This study reviews global literature on the effects of HIV/AIDS (e.g., parental HIV-related illness or death) on children's schooling. Systematic review procedures generated 23 studies for examination. Existing studies show educational disadvantages among children affected by AIDS in various educational outcomes, including school enrollment and attendance, school behavior and performance, school completion, and educational attainment. …

  5. Sexuality education for HIV prevention in Latin America and the Caribbean: a regional diagnosis

    More than 25 years since the discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), preventing its transmission continues to be a challenge throughout the world; Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are not an exception. The Government of Mexico has called upon the countries of the region to sign a joint Declaration from the Ministries of Education and Health with the firm commitment to utilize a comprehensive sex education approach as a strategic tool for HIV prevention. …

  6. Awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among school-going adolescents in Europe: a systematic review of published literature

    This systematic review looks at levels of STI awareness, knowledge and perceived risk of school-going adolescents in Europe. Fifteen studies were included, all of which cross-sectional and conducted among 13 to 20 year olds. Awareness and knowledge varied depending on gender. Awareness on HIV/AIDS was high (over 90%) but low for HPV (5.4%-66%). While knowledge that condoms protect against STIs was high, adolescents viewed it as an interim contraception method before using the pill. In this study, knowledge did not translate into safer sex behavior change. …

  7. Accelerating the education sector response to HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. A rapid situation analysis of 34 Countries

    In recent years, the education sector in low-income countries has come to play an increasingly important role in the health of the school-aged child. The sector has a key role in providing young people, especially girls, a chance to a productive and AIDS-free life, through the social vaccine of education. …

  8. VIH/SIDA et le secteur de l'éducation : impact sur les apprenants

    Les études d'impact, de prévention, et de sensibilisation pour le changement des comportements, ainsi que les documents de politiques et de stratégies qui traitent du VIH/SIDA sur le système éducatif, mais surtout de l'impact sur les apprenants des pays tels que le Burkina Faso, le Cameroun, la Côte d'Ivoire, le Ghana et le Sénégal font l'objet de la présente synthèse. Le sujet abordé sera relatif à la demande et à la qualité de l'éducation du système car celui-ci est confronté aux effets du VIH/SIDA notamment au niveau de l'offre. …

  9. Good policy and practice in HIV and AIDS and education. Booklet 3: HIV and AIDS and educator development, conduct and support

    This booklet is the third in a series of publications that address key themes of UNESCO's work on HIV and AIDS and the education sector. It discusses issues affecting educators in the context of HIV and AIDS, including training, conduct, and care and support. It also includes a bibliography, a list of practical tools and resources, and sources of additional information.

  10. Good policy and practice in HIV and AIDS and education. Booklet 2: HIV and AIDS and safe, secure and supportive learning environments

    This booklet is the second in a series of publications that address key themes of UNESCO's work on HIV and AIDS and the education sector. It discusses issues affecting learners in the context of HIV and AIDS, including rights and access to education, protection, knowledge and skills, and care and support. It also includes a bibliography, a list of practical tools and resources, and sources of additional information.

  11. Education sector responses to HIV and AIDS: learning from good practices in Africa

    This document summarises the key issues regarding HIV and AIDS and the education sector and is based primarily on a review of published literature and the Commonwealth Secretariat (Comsec) and Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA) regional workshop held from 12 to 14 September 2006 in South Africa. Section 1 briefly reviews HIV and AIDS and the need for an accelerated response. Section 2 focuses on HIV and AIDS and Education Sector Responses.Section 3 highlights the evidence regarding mass campaigns for HIV and AIDS prevention, education and advocacy. …

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