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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. School-based sexual health education interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    The authors reviewed evaluations of school-based sexual health education interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to assess effectiveness in reducing sexually transmitted infections and promoting condom use.

  2. Strengthening education in West and Central Africa by improving learners’ sexual and reproductive health

    West and Central Africa (WCA) is the region of the world with the largest percentage of young people and the highest gender disparity in education.

  3. School-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy in adolescents (Review)

    Background: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Objectives: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents.

  4. The role of schools in supporting HIV-affected children in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

    Aim: To establish an overview of school-based interventions carried out to support the health and well-being of vulnerable children in Zimbabwe and similar socio-economic contexts in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: A literature search was carried out in Web of Knowledge using combinations of the following search terms: support, intervention, school, child, Zimbabwe, sub-Saharan Africa, health, well-being, inclusion and enrolment. A total of 12 articles were identified as relevant to the research question and included in this review. …

  5. Postgraduate educational research on violence, gender, and HIV/AIDS in and around schools (1995-2004)

    Social issues such as HIV/AIDS, bullying, and violence have recently come to the fore in schooling and related research in South Africa. This article describes and critically analyses Masters and Ph.D. research done in education in the period 1995–2004, with particular reference to the voice given to social issues, namely: gender, violence, and HIV/AIDS and their interconnectedness. It explores issues, trends, and patterns in research emerging in the first decade of democracy in South Africa.

  6. Sexuality education for HIV prevention in Latin America and the Caribbean: a regional diagnosis

    More than 25 years since the discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), preventing its transmission continues to be a challenge throughout the world; Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are not an exception. The Government of Mexico has called upon the countries of the region to sign a joint Declaration from the Ministries of Education and Health with the firm commitment to utilize a comprehensive sex education approach as a strategic tool for HIV prevention. …

  7. EQUATE technical brief: gender, education, and HIV/AIDS

    Education plays a pivotal role in shaping the lives of children and young adults. Yet, schools can be breeding grounds for potentially damaging behaviors that remain with pupils into adulthood. Schools can conversely prove effective in helping young people learn positive and healthy models of behavior by challenging the harmful gender norms that limit academic achievement and increase the likelihood of HIV infection, especially for girls. …

  8. Reproductive health programs for young adults: school-based programs

    This paper mainly presents the description of school-based programmes; literature review and programmatic; the process of planning, design, and implementation; the components of a school-based reproductive health programmes; and summary of programmatic recommendations.

  9. Résumé analytique de l'étude sur les initiatives en matière de lutte contre le SIDA à l'école: bilan des initiatives de 1990 à 1999

    Cette étude dresse le bilan des initiatives sénégalaises en matière de lutte contre le sida dans le secteur de l'éducation de 1990 à 1999 en analysant les initiatives de lutte entreprises, les acteurs impliqués, leurs objectifs et stratégies, les moyens qu'ils déploient dans le cadre de leurs interventions ainsi que l'impact de ces interventions sur les élèves. L'objectif spécifique est d'identifier les réponses positives de l'Ecole dans la lutte contre le VIH et sida au niveau de la formation, de l'information et de la sensibilisation. …

  10. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Education Sector in Africa: Sub-Regional Outlook and Best Practices (Eastern and Southern Africa)

    This paper examines one aspect of the seemingly inexorable advance of HIV/AIDS: the way it has impacted on the education sector in Eastern and Southern Africa. The paper also examines the adjustments the sector has made to the epidemic and the steps it has taken to slow down its transmission. The overall impression is one of disarray, inadequate understanding, and piecemeal response-several projects, but few programmes. …

  11. Synthese National sur le VIH/SIDA et l'éducation au Sénégal

    L'analyse des documents ayant servi à la réalisation de cette synthèse laisse transparaître la caractéristique suivante : grande nécessité d'une meilleure prise en charge par l'école et le système éducatif de la question du VIH/SIDA.Malgré la bonne vision dégagée par les documents officiels, à caractère d'orientation et de cadre pour lutter contre le SIDA, ils demeurent encore généraux et pas suffisamment articulés à des actions visant une modification substantielle des attitudes et des comportements vis-à-vis de la maladie. …

  12. Good policy and practice in HIV and AIDS and education. Booklet 2: HIV and AIDS and safe, secure and supportive learning environments

    This booklet is the second in a series of publications that address key themes of UNESCO's work on HIV and AIDS and the education sector. It discusses issues affecting learners in the context of HIV and AIDS, including rights and access to education, protection, knowledge and skills, and care and support. It also includes a bibliography, a list of practical tools and resources, and sources of additional information.

  13. Gender and HIV/AIDS: supporting resources collection

    This document contains: Summaries of key resources outlining why gender is so important in understanding the impact and spread of HIV/AIDS; Practical examples of approaches from around the world, aiming to strengthen capacity building, advocacy, service delivery, and research; Short summaries of operational toolkits and guides; Information about courses, web sites, networking and contact details for organisations from around the world specialising in gender and HIV/AIDS.

  14. Education sector responses to HIV and AIDS: learning from good practices in Africa

    This document summarises the key issues regarding HIV and AIDS and the education sector and is based primarily on a review of published literature and the Commonwealth Secretariat (Comsec) and Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA) regional workshop held from 12 to 14 September 2006 in South Africa. Section 1 briefly reviews HIV and AIDS and the need for an accelerated response. Section 2 focuses on HIV and AIDS and Education Sector Responses.Section 3 highlights the evidence regarding mass campaigns for HIV and AIDS prevention, education and advocacy. …

  15. WHO/UNESCO pilot projects on school-based AIDS education: a summary

    This document is a synopsis of information available on pilot projects initiated jointly by WHO and UNESCO. The document provides a justification and the rationale for education on AIDS at school. It looks at the formulation and design of projects. It presents project objectives, site selection, project preparation and evaluation. The document also contains briefs on projects carried out in Ethiopia, Jamaica, Mauritius and the Pacific Islands, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Venezuela.

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