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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Workshop on "Education Sector Response to HIV, Drugs and Sexuality in Indonesia"

    This document contains the presentations from the Workshop on "Education Sector Response to HIV, Drugs and Sexuality, Jakarta, Indonesia, 3-4 December 2009.

  2. Combat for gender equality in education: rural livelihood pathways in the context of HIV/AIDS

    This book, which was originally written as a dissertation, broadens the approach to gender equality in primary education by exploring the magnitude of complex interactions between schools and rural livelihood household processes in the context of HIV/AIDS. The arguments are based on recent ethnographic research using dimensions of rural pupils', parents', and teachers' responses to the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS on their livelihoods. It gives insight into some of the current debates that have been generated in the field of education, HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods.

  3. Reproductive health programs for young adults: school-based programs

    There is an urgent need for the global community to act on the preceding principles and recommendations. Currently comprising more than 1.5 billion people, young adults, defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as those individuals aged 10 to 24, face considerable threats to their reproductive health. …

  4. A school-based AIDS education programme for secondary school students in Nigeria: a review of effectiveness

    This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of health education initiatives to increase knowledge and improve attitudes and behaviors in response to rising HIV incidence. In this study, 223 students who received comprehensive health education were compared to 217 control group students who did not receive this education. …

  5. Evaluation of a comprehensive school-based AIDS education programme in rural Masaka, Uganda

    This study aimed to evaluate a one-year, comprehensive, school-based HIV and AIDS education program in rural, southwestern Uganda. Twenty intervention schools (1274 students) and 11 control schools (803 students) completed baseline and follow-up questionnaires. Twelve focus groups were conducted among five of the intervention schools (93 students). Very few effects of the intervention were observed. Focus group data indicates that programmes were not implemented comprehensively and certain activities (how to use condoms, role playing) were only superficially used. …

  6. Love only after classes: needs assessment on sexuality education in Macedonia

    In Macedonia there is a need for introducing sexuality education in schools. This finding is a result of a research determining the needs of the parents, teachers and students, and reviewing the current school curricula. Both parents and teachers agree on the introduction of sexuality education as a regular subject in schools. Such subject, among others, must develop the practical skills for protection from risks related to sexual activity. …

  7. Development and test-retest reliability of a research instrument designed to evaluate school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in South Africa and Tanzania

    Aims: This article reports on the development and psychometric properties of an instrument to evaluate school-based HIV/ AIDS interventions aimed at adolescents in three African sites. Methods: The instrument was developed in a series of steps that involved a review of existing instruments; use of empirical data and secondary literature supporting an association between the variables of interest and sexual intercourse or condom use; operationalizing the constructs of the theoretical model employed; and using the objectives of the intervention. …

  8. The application of Intervention Mapping in developing and implementing school-based sexuality and HIV/AIDS education in a developing country context: the case of Tanzania

    Effective sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programmes are needed to protect young people against HIV/AIDS and teenage pregnancy in Tanzania and other Sub-Saharan African countries. Using a theory- and evidence-based approach and adapting the programmes to local contexts, increases the effectiveness of these programmes. This paper describes and discusses the challenges and opportunities concerning the application of Intervention Mapping (IM) in the development and implementation of a sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programme targeting young people aged 12-14 in Tanzania. …

  9. I am not "umqwayito'': a qualitative study of peer pressure and sexual risk behaviour among young adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa

    Young people in South Africa are susceptible to HIV infection. They are vulnerable to peer pressure to have sex, but little is known about how peer pressure operates. The aim of the study was to understand how negative peer pressure increases high risk sexual behaviour among young adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa. Qualitative research methods were used. Eight focus groups were conducted with young people between the ages of 13 and 14 years. …

  10. Process evaluation of a school-based HIV/AIDS intervention in South Africa

    This paper presents a process evaluation that assessed the fidelity and quality of implementation, as well as the acceptability and subjective evaluations of a HIV/AIDS intervention among students and teachers. Methods: The process evaluation was conducted as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial of a theory- and evidence-based school HIV/AIDS intervention in Cape Town. The intervention was designed for grade 8 high school students and delivered by teachers over a six-month period. Twenty-six schools participated in the trial, 13 in the intervention group and 13 in the control group. …

  11. Guidelines for implementing sexual and reproductive health/HIV/life skills education for learning institutions and workplace in Zanzibar

    These guidelines are developed to provide coordinated, integrated and harmonized direction and approach in providing SRH/HIV/LS education by different actors, with special focus on preventive education, counselling, care and support for children and youths in learning institutions and employees at work places in order to have a common understanding in mitigating and control of HIV/STI infections, teenage and unwanted pregnancies, counselling and support of vulnerable population groups in education sector in Zanzibar. …

  12. Addressing homophobia in schools: how key stakeholders can ensure safe and inclusive schools. Mexico City Ministerial Declaration - "Educating to Prevent"

    The Mexico City Ministerial Declaration "Educating to Prevent" is a strategic tool to strengthen HIV-prevention efforts in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) by ensuring access to quality, comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services. Moreover, the Declaration also seeks to foster equity among all people and to combat discrimination, including discrimination based on an individual's HIV status, sexual orientation, or gender identity.

  13. Implementing sexuality education: symposium report

    The International Symposium, "Implementing Sexuality Education", took place in New York on 27 April 2011. The Symposium was hosted by UNESCO and convened by the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education. It preceded the UNAIDS IATT on Education's members meeting on 28-29 April 2011. …

  14. Mapping an HIV/STD prevention curriculum for Zambian in-school settings

    HIV/AIDS poses grave risk to human development in sub-Saharan Africa. Evidence-based interventions that are rooted in local culture could help efforts to prevent threats to human development from HIV/ AIDS. We used concept mapping (Concept System, 2006) to construct the components and content of a locally developed HIV/AIDS curriculum for use by secondary schools in Lusaka, Zambia. …

  15. Plan stratégique de lutte contre le VIH et SIDA du sous secteur éducation de base. Période 2009-2011

    Ce plan stratégique pour le sous-secteur de l'éducation de base pour la période 2009-2011 se veut conforme aux objectifs globaux identifiés par le Plan Stratégique National et comprend 6 principales parties ou sections : Section 1 : Caractéristiques du Sous-Secteur Education de Base ; Section II : Analyse de la réponse actuelle du Sous-Secteur Education de Base ; Section III : Cadre stratégique de lutte contre le VIH et sida du Sous-Secteur Education de Base ; Section IV : Programme de lutte contre le sida (2009-2011) ; Section V : Plan opérationnel. …

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