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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for HIV Prevention Targeting Most-At-Risk Populations and Migrant Workers, 2010-2011, Thailand

    The National Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for HIV Prevention Targeting Most-At-Risk Populations and Migrant Workers provides a unified and harmonized monitoring and evaluation system for Thailand. It follows the principle of the Three Ones: one agreed HIV/AIDS action framework that provides the basis for coordinating the work of all partners; one national AIDS coordinating authority, with a broad based multi-sector mandate; and one agreed HIV country-level monitoring and evaluation system. …

  2. Key populations, key responses: a gap analysis for key populations and HIV in South Africa, and recommendations for the National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB (2012-2016)

    In June 2011, South Africa signed the United Nations Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS: Intensifying our Efforts to Eliminate HIV/AIDS which explicitly outlined commitment for all UN member states to address the inadequacy of HIV prevention strategies, focusing on men who have sex with men (MSM), injecting drug users (IDU) and sex workers (SW) and to improve access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services for migrant populations. …

  3. The Social Conditions for Successful Peer Education: A Comparison of Two HIV Prevention Programs Run by Sex Workers in India and South Africa

    Peer education is increasingly being used to combat the spread of HIV and AIDS. However, results are inconsistent. This study systematically compares the context and implementation of two peer educational approaches among sex workers in India and South Africa, which had contrasting outcomes, to identify factors leading to success or failure. The Indian intervention's success was enabled by: a stable, supportive social, material and political context; and an ethos of community development which committed resources to sex worker empowerment, ownership and involvement. …

  4. HIV knowledge, risk perception, and safer sex practices among female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

    This qualitative study aimed to understand how knowledge of HIV and risk perceptiosn influence safer sex practices among female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Focus group discussions and semistructured interviews were used to gather data on female sex workers (FSW) (n=174) from 19 sites. FSWs also completed a structured, demographic questionnaire. Although some FSWs had misconceptions, the majority knew about HIV risk, transmission and prevention methods. …

  5. The Role of Nonformal Education in Combating the HIV Epidemic in the Philippines and Taiwan

    This study compares the approaches of Taiwan and the Philippines in mitigating their HIV epidemics using non-formal educational programs. The Philippines has an HIV prevalence of 6,000-11,000 cases out of a population of 91 million. Their approach was to target female sex workers and their managers, before expanding to men in the community, and relying heavily on NGOs to provide sex education. Taiwan was a prevalence of 40,000 cases out of a 23 million person population. …

  6. Pasa la Voz (Spread the Word): Using Women's Social Networks for HIV Education and Testing

    Pasa la Voz (spread the word) is a methodology used to prevent HIV using respondent-driven sampling to reach hard to access women. An organization in Ciudad Juarez (Programa Companeros) initiated a one-to-one approach to reaching at-risk and hard to reach women in the area using promotoras (outreach workers) from September 2005 to January 2006. The implementation of Pasa la Voz came on its heels and had success in increasing the number of women agreeing to get tested for HIV (11.9% to 49.9%) and decreasing testing time from 22.70 hours to 3.68 hours per test.

  7. Good Practice in Asia: Targeted HIV Prevention for IDU and Sex Workers

    This document aims to present the major achievements of Preventing HIV Project targeted in Vietnam, including case studies and lessons to be shared. It illustrates the involvement of local government, support to policy change, local innovative practices and behavioral changes among high risk populations, particularly injecting drug users and sex workers. The descriptions of practical examples are aimed at the rising numbers of providers of HIV prevention services. The project and paper reflect the good cooperation between Vietnam Administration of HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC), U.K. …

  8. Human trafficking, HIV/AIDS, and the sex sector: human rights for all

    In March 2009, the American University Washington College of Law and the Center for Health and Gender Equity co-hosted a symposium, "Human Trafficking, HIV/AIDS, and the Sex Sector" to explore challenges and present examples of organizations that provide human-rightsbased approaches and partnerships with sex workers. …

  9. Keeping the Promise: AIDS Foundation East-West (AFEW) Annual Report 2009

    This is the annual report 2009 of AFEW, the NGO working with some of the poorest and most vulnerable people in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to adress one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics in the world.

  10. Tudo de bom! Parcerias de prazer, saúde e direitos

    Folleto educativo dirigido a profesionales del sexo de la ciudad de Sâo Paulo con información para evitar el contagio de hepatitis y VIH/sida, principalmente a través del uso de preservativo femenino y masculino y las precauciones al utilizar hormonas o silicona.

  11. Enfoques innovadores en la prevención del VIH: Estudios de caso seleccionados

    Estudio sobre campañas de prevención del VIH/SIDA. Se describen los cinco elementosáque toda buena campaña debe tener: Pertinencia, Eficacia, Impacto, Sostenibilidad e Idoneidad ética. Se analiza qué funciona en campañas a distintos niveles (nacional, comunitario, de programa/proyecto y de grupos específicos). A continuación se estudian estos elementos en campañas dirigidas a públicos específicos: Jóvenes, varones y mujeres, personas que se inyectan drogas, hombres que tiene sexo con hombres, y profesionales del sexo y sus clientes.

  12. Las trabajadoras sexuales frente al VIH/sida en la ciudad de Cochabamba

    Estudio realizado en trabajadoras sexuales de Cochabamba, Bolivia.áSe encuestaron a 163 trabajadoras sexuales de 19 locales de la ciudad. La edad media es de 24 años, la mínima de 18 y máxima de 55. El 97%, refiere que escuchó alguna vez sobre el VIH/sida, el 98.2% refiere saber cómo evitar la transmisión y el 95.7% cita al condón como un medio de prevención. El 80.4% de las TS refiere que realizó el último control médico hace menos de un mes. El 19.3% de las TS encuestadas, refieren que durante los últimos seis meses tuvo secreciones, úlceras o llagas en genitales. …

  13. Doris, Azucena y Tula íSiempre se protegen! Guía para el uso del rotafolio para promotoras educadoras de pares trabajadoras sexuales (TS)

    Doris, Azucena y Tula íSiempre se protegen! Guía para el uso del rotafolio para promotoras educadoras de pares trabajadoras sexuales (TS)

  14. Diagnóstico de la Violencia contra los y las Trabajadores/as sexuales, mujeres, transgéneros y varones, y su vulnerabilidad frente a las ITS y el VIH

    El presente estudio intenta desde diversas fuentes, realizar un diagnóstico de la violencia ejercida contra trabajadores y trabajadoras sexuales (mujeres, trans y gays) en las regiones de Lima, Callao, Arequipa, Piura, Iquitos y Huancayo. …

  15. Saberes y estrategias de las mujeres trabajadoras sexuales ante el VIH/sida y otras ITS

    El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el impacto en la población de trabajadoras sexuales del Proyecto "Actividades de Apoyo para la Prevención y Control del VIH/Sida en Argentina" durante el año 2006. Para ello se definió como población objeto de la investigación a trabajadoras sexuales que habían sido alcanzadas por el proyecto y trabajadoras sexuales que no lo habían sido. En esta publicación se presentarán los resultados obtenidos para el conjunto de la población sin la diferenciación alcanzadas/no alcanzadas. …

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