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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people in India: a review of the situation

    This paper synthesises the evidence on sexual and reproductive health situation of young people in India, sheds light on those sub-populations of young people who are most vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive outcomes, and assesses the barriers that compromise the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people at the individual and family levels, as well as at the programme delivery level.

  2. Afghanistan: demographic and health survey 2015

    The primary objective of the 2015 AfDHS project is to provide up-to-date estimates of basic demographic and health indicators. Specifically, the AfDHS collected information on knowledge and practice of family planning, fertility levels, marriage, fertility preferences, child feeding practices, nutritional status of children and women, childhood mortality, maternal and child health, awareness and attitudes regarding HIV/AIDS, knowledge about other illnesses (e.g., tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C), women’s empowerment and domestic violence. …

  3. The impact of television and radio on reproductive behavior and on HIV/AIDS knowledge and behavior

    This is a study of the association of radio and television exposure with different aspects of reproductive behavior and with knowledge, attitudes, and behavior in connection with HIV/AIDS. The measures of mass media are limited to the frequency that women and men report listening to the radio and watching television, which are standard questions in the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). Only the frequency is assessed; the DHS does not obtain information on programmatic content. …

  4. Canadian Youth, Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Study: Factors influencing knowledge, attitudes and behaviours

    Le présent rapport expose les conclusions d'une étude coordonnée par le Conseil des ministres de l'Éducation (Canada) [CMEC] et financée par la Stratégie canadienne sur le VIH/sida de Santé Canada. Il s'agit d'un portrait contemporain du comportement sexuel des adolescents et adolescentes. Plus précisément, il a pour but d'améliorer la compréhension des facteurs qui contribuent à la santé sexuelle des jeunes Canadiens et Canadiens, en explorant les déterminants socioculturels, socio-environnementaux et interpersonnels du comportement sexuel des jeunes. …

  5. Going all-out for human rights and sexual health

    Article qui décrit le Programme Santé sexuelle et droits humains (PROSAD), soutenu par le GTZ, au Burkina Faso. Les composantes, méthodes, activités et résultats du programme y sont clairement exposés et étayés par des chiffres.

  6. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  7. Protecting the next generation in Ghana. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report presents key findings from a new body ofresearch that highlights the unmet sexual and reproductive health needs of 12-19-year-olds in Ghana. The results point to specific areas in which interventions for improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health might be targeted, and suggest that increased and sustained investment in sexual and reproductive health care for adolescents may provide enormous returns. …

  8. Orphans and vulnerable children in high HIV-prevalence countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This study provides estimates of the size and distribution of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in eight sub-Saharan African countries with relatively high HIV prevalence (Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe), and assesses their situation over several dimensions including schooling and health care. The study uses data collected in recent nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) that included HIV testing of adult women and men. …

  9. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  10. A research study on impact of adolescence education on adolescent reproductive health and behaviour

    This research study is a valuable document for policy makers, teachers, parents and community leaders to explore the knowledge, awareness and attitude in adolescence education in India. The analysis could be used as a reference for the programmes and projects related to the adolescents and their sexual behaviour, including sexual initiation, risky sexual behavior, and coerced sex. …

  11. Myanmar: reproductive health baseline community survey 2002

    The report presents findings of the 2002 reproductive health baseline community survey carried out in townships under the UNFPA project. The main objectives of the survey is to find out knowledge, attitude and practice related to reproductive health, STD, HIV/AIDS, maternal health and contraception. The study will provide baseline information for evaluating the progress in the level of knowledge and behaviour change on the reproductive health in those township communities at the end of the project in 2005.

  12. Completing the demographic transition in developing countries

    This paper reviews the status of the demographic transition worldwide, discusses factors associated with fertility decline, and highlights challenges associated with completing the transition in developing countries. It is intended to help policymakers both here and abroad to better understand the need for continued efforts to reduce fertility and population growth rates, even in the wake of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

  13. Prevention of HIV/AIDS through promotion of reproductive health in Myanmar

    The paper gives an account on the activities of UNICEF Myanmar supported "HIV/AIDS Prevention through the Promotion of Reproductive Health Project". The six project components described in the report are: life skills and HIV/AIDS including School-based Healthy Living and HIV/AIDS Prevention Education (SHAPE); STD care and management; UNAIDS partnership building; targeting high-risk groups and ethnic minorities; responsive and innovative activities such as working with religious groups; and monitoring and evaluation. …

  14. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06: Goa

    This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-3 survey in Goa. The survey provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour, attitudes toward family life education for girls and boys, use of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme, men’s involvement in maternal care, and health insurance. For the first time, NFHS-3 provides information on men and unmarried women. …

  15. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06: Uttarakhand

    This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-3 survey in Uttarakhand. The survey provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour, attitudes toward family life education for girls and boys, use of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme, men’s involvement in maternal care, and health insurance. For the first time, NFHS-3 provides information on men and unmarried women. …

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