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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Experience of sexual coercion and risky sexual behavior among Ugandan university students

    The aim of this study was to assess the association between the experience of sexual coercion and risky sexual behavior among university students of both sexes in Uganda. In 2005, 980 (80%) out of a total of 1,220 students enrolled in Mbarara University of Science and Technology in Uganda participated in a self-administered questionnaire covering sociodemographic and religious factors, social capital, mental health, alcohol use, and sexual behavior. A validated scale of six items was used to assess the experience of sexual coercion. …

  2. The response of higher education institutions in Africa to the HIV and AIDS epidemic: synthesis of four sub-regional surveys in sub-Saharan Africa

    The Association of African Universities (AAU) runs an HIV and AIDS Programme dubbed 'African Universities Responding to HIV and AIDS' which aims at ensuring that the higher education community in Africa uses all available means to prevent the spread, mitigate the impact and manage the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  3. Percepción de estudiantes universitarios sobre la homo/lesbofobia en Costa Rica para diagnóstico, con enfoque de género, sobre la situación del estigma, la discriminación y la homofobia en Costa Rica

    Este estudio pretende ayudarnos a identificar los conocimientos, las actitudes y las prácticas que un sector de la población tiene con respecto a los gay y lesbianas en Costa Rica, que aunque no necesariamente es el punto de partida de un análisis profundo de estos comportamientos, sí nos refleja parte la cotidianidad de sus expresiones, tanto homofóbicas, como respetuosas. Ambas expresiones son solo un resultado de un sistema social, educativo e institucionalizado en construcción. …

  4. HIV education in South African schools: the dilemma and conflicts of educators

    Educators within the school system are well placed to facilitate the dissemination of knowledge and skills in order for adolescents to be equipped for appropriate sexual decision-making. The aim of this research was to provide an understanding of educators' beliefs, attitudes and behaviours with regard to sexual and reproductive health promotion. Methods: Individual interviews were conducted with 15 educators from demographically diverse high schools in the Western Cape. One-off interviews were conducted with Grade 8 Life Orientation educators and principals. …

  5. Developing teacher self-efficacy via a formal HIV/AIDS intervention

    This study investigated the effects of a HIV/AIDS module on teachers' sense of self-efficacy regarding their ability to bring about behaviours in their learners which contribute to responsible living and a reduction of the spread of HIV in their communities. The sample was 128 in-service teachers studying in nine different centres in three South African provinces in their second year of a part-time degree in education. …

  6. Social outcome expectations regarding delayed sexual debut among adolescents in Mankweng, South Africa

    Aims: To describe outcome expectations related to delayed sexual transition, to examine the dimensionality and internal consistency of such expectations, and to examine variations in social outcome expectations across subgroups defined by demographic variables, indicators of socioeconomic status and predictors related to school and educational ambitions. Methods: Data stem from a survey among school students (grades 8-12) in Mankweng, Limpopo, South Africa (n=5,697). …

  7. Swaziland behavioural surveillance survey (BSS)

    The objectives of the BSS Round One in Swaziland were to: Help establish a monitoring system that will track behavioral trend data for high-risk and vulnerable target groups in Swaziland; Provide information on behavioral trends of key target groups in some catchment areas where HIV sentinel sero-surveillance is done; Provide information that will increase understanding of HIV prevalence trends over time; Provide information to guide the planning, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of HIV/AIDS/STI interventions; Provide evidence of the relative success of HIV prevention efforts  …

  8. Universities and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: a case study of the University of Ghana, Legon

    This study is in response to the ADEA Working Group on Higher Education's decision to undertake case studies on the way HIV/AIDS affects some individual universities in Africa, and to document the responses and coping mechanisms that these institutions have developed. The purpose of the exercise is to generate understanding of the way the disease is affecting universities and to identify responses of staff, students and management that might profitably be shared with sister institutions in similar circumstances. Essentially, the studies are designed to answer five questions: 1. …

  9. Integrating HIV/AIDS/STI education program in the school curriculum

    This paper explores possibilities of integrating HIV/sex education into the school education framework. Various attributes of adolescents' vulnerability to HIV infection are discussed. The paper also looks at different aspects of AIDS education for young people based on both theoretical frameworks and models developed and widely used worldwide and on Armenian youth perspectives. …

  10. Diagnóstico. Educando a la población y organizando a la comunidad. Profesional, Estudiantil y Técnica para el manejo y Prevención del VIH/SIDA (y otras enfermedades que tengan carácter epidémico y pandémico)

    De la experiencia percibida a través de la Unión de Universidades de América Latina (UDUAL) y la Asociación Latinoamericana de Facultades y Escuelas de Medicina (ALAFEM), la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, ante el avance del flagelo del Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH), promovió realizar un programa, cuya primera fase es un proceso de investigación en las facultades de medicina de América Latina y el Caribe, que permita contar con información y resultados, que puedan servir de base para tomar una posición en la formación del recurso humano de los estud …

  11. Youth participation and leadership: an effective tool in combating HIV/AIDS in southern Africa

    The case studies throughout this paper are designed to serve three purposes: to share promising practice of where National AIDS Authorities across the region are working with young people and to showcase activities and methods of youth participation that could be replicated; to demonstrate the benefits to NAAs of working with young people; to start sharing solutions to some of the common barriers to working with young people faced by NAAs. …

  12. HIV and AIDS and higher education in Africa: a review of best practice models and trends

    This study, commissioned by the Association of African Universities, was conducted to identify the strengths, constraints and opportunities for addressing the human resource and policy challenges occassioned by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. A sample of between 12 and 15 institutions which exemplified best practices in the response to HIV and AIDS in Africa was identified. In documenting and disseminating these examples, it is hoped that other institutions will benefit from the sharing of new knowledge and contribute to the overall strengthening of the response to the epidemic. …

  13. The impact of HIV and AIDS on higher education institutions in Uganda

    This book examines ways in which HIV and AIDS affect higher education institutions in Uganda. A review of literature and a nationwide survey among staff and teachers in such institutions was undertaken in order to identify some of the predisposing factors to HIV-infection, and measures are proposed to help mitigate ist spread. While the study aims to gather details, facts and opinions from the different actors involved, its is hoped that their voices will be heard by those who have the power to take action in response to the problems and issues surrounding HIV and AIDS.

  14. The impact of HIV/AIDS on the schooling of female students in Addis Ababa

    In Ethiopia, in 2003, 2.9 million adults and 250 000 children are living with HIV/AIDS. About 90% of the reported AIDS cases are between the age 20 and 49 and this age group is among the productive sector. However, research has revealed (UNESCO Prospect Vol. XXXIII No. 2 June, 2002) that education about sex, AIDS and health in general particularly with children and young people, does not result in increased sexual activity but, on the contrary, leads to protective behaviour. The objectives of this study are as follows: 1. …

  15. Where has all the education gone in Africa? Employment outcomes among secondary school and university leavers.

    This report presents the main findings of an international research project that has evaluated the education and employment experiences of secondary school leavers and university graduates in four African countries - Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. The four countries were also selected because they have or have had very high HIV prevalence rates. …

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