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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Picture that: supporting sexuality educators in narrowing the knowledge/practice gap

    Teaching about sex and relationships is one of the greatest challenges in not only the combating of HIV and AIDS, but also in preparing the youth for responsible sexual behaviour. Although it seems as if teachers to some extent do feel comfortable with the teaching of sexuality education at school, the question however remains as to whether youth get the information they require. In this article, are presented drawings produced by teacher participants in order to investigate the beliefs that teachers hold regarding young people’s needs from sexuality education. …

  2. Impact of teachers training on HIV/AIDS education program among secondary school students in Bangladesh: A cross-sectional survey

    In 2007, the Government of Bangladesh incorporated a chapter on HIV/AIDS into the national curriculum for an HIV-prevention program for school students. For the efficient dissemination of knowledge, an intervention was designed to train the teachers and equip them to educate on the topic of HIV/AIDS. The present study intended to understand the impact of this intervention by assessing the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to HIV/AIDS, among the targeted students.

  3. The impact of teachers’ modifications of an evidenced-based HIV prevention intervention on program outcomes

    The degree to which evidence-based program outcomes are affected by modifications is a significant concern in the implementation of interventions. The ongoing national implementation of an evidence-based HIV prevention program targeting grade six students in The Bahamas [Focus on Youth in The Caribbean (FOYC)] offers an opportunity to explore factors associated with teachers’ modification of FOYC lessons and to examine the impact of types and degrees of modifications on student outcomes. Data were collected in 2012 from 155 teachers and 3646 students in 77 government elementary schools. …

  4. The Health of educators in public schools in South Africa

    The provision of good quality education in public sector schools in South Africa is intrinsically linked to the health, wellbeing and productivity of educators employed in this sector. …

  5. Sexuality education in rural Lesotho schools: challenges and possibilities

    The aim of this paper is to present and discuss some of the obstacles to effective sexuality education in rural Lesotho schools and offer some suggestions that could facilitate positive change in the current status of sexuality education. The call for education as a ‘vaccine’ against new HIV infections places teachers at the forefront of the fight against the pandemic, and thus it is imperative to understand how they experience teaching about sexuality. …

  6. ‘You need to have some guts to teach’: teacher preparation and characteristics for the teaching of sexuality and HIV/AIDS education in South African schools

    Using in-depth interviews, the authors asked sexuality educators in South Africa about their own professional preparation and what they believed were necessary educator characteristics for teaching Sexuality Education. Their findings show that the teachers taught Sexuality Education without any appropriate qualification or preparation, but because they had a lighter teaching load and had room to take on more teaching hours. Nevertheless, they all mention that ‘not anybody can teach Sexuality Education’. …

  7. Learners perceptions and experience of the content and teaching of sexuality education: Implications for teacher education

    This article aims to explore Grade 11 learners perceptions and experience of the teaching of sexuality education. A total of 270 adolescent boys (n 121) and girls (n 149) from the Heidedal suburb of the greater Mangaung Municipality, South Africa, completed an anonymously written Teaching of Sexuality Education Attitude Scale (TSEAS). The questionnaire was constructed on a six-point Likert scale with response options ranging from 1 (highly disagree) to 6 (highly agree). …

  8. Preparing teachers to deliver gender-focused sexuality/HIV education: a case study from Nigeria

    Evidence shows that a focus on gender and power in sexuality/HIV education increases the likelihood of achieving positive sexual health outcomes, and international agencies have called for a shift to a gender-focused approach. However, questions remain about the implementation of such programmes, including how best to prepare teachers to deliver such curricula. In the development of the national school-based HIV prevention curriculum in Nigeria, several state governments partnered with feminist (or like-minded) non-governmental organisations to collaborate on teacher training. …

  9. Old enough to know: Consulting children about sex and AIDS education in Africa

    This compelling study, comprising of a sample of eight schools in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa -Kenya, South Africa and Tanzania - examines the sources, contents and processes of children´s community-based sexual knowledges and asks how these knowledges interact with AIDS education programmes in school. Old enough to know showcases the possibilities of consulting pupils using engaging, interactive and visual methods including digital still photography, mini-video documentaries, as well as interviews and observations. …

  10. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Samoa

    Young people today are exposed to a wide range of information related to sex and sexuality, most of which is misleading and incorrect. How these issues can be resolved as part of a programme that addresses key issues facing young people, is crucial in addressing related issues such as increased numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancies. Schools have increasingly been identified as safe and unbiased settings to address these issues as places of learning and experiencing peer influence. …

  11. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Palau

    Young people today are exposed to a wide range of information related to sex and sexuality, most of which is misleading and incorrect. How these issues can be resolved as part of a programme that addresses key issues facing young people, is crucial in addressing related issues such as increased numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancies. Schools have increasingly been identified as safe and unbiased settings to address these issues as places of learning and experiencing peer influence. …

  12. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Niue

    Young people today are exposed to a wide range of information related to sex and sexuality, most of which is misleading and incorrect. How these issues can be resolved as part of a programme that addresses key issues facing young people, is crucial in addressing related issues such as increased numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancies. Schools have increasingly been identified as safe and unbiased settings to address these issues as places of learning and experiencing peer influence. …

  13. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Nauru

    Young people today are exposed to a wide range of information related to sex and sexuality, most of which is misleading and incorrect. How these issues can be resolved as part of a programme that addresses key issues facing young people, is crucial in addressing related issues such as increased numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancies. Schools have increasingly been identified as safe and unbiased settings to address these issues as places of learning and experiencing peer influence. …

  14. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Nauru, Niue, Palau and Samoa

    The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Office of the Pacific States commissioned an attitudinal survey on the delivery of Sexual and Reproductive Health (including HIV) education in schools in four Pacific Island Countries: Nauru, Niue, Palau and Samoa. This study involved 261 primary and secondary school teachers in the four countries from both government and faith-based schools. In addition, the study involved almost 350 parents, community leaders and students from across the four countries. …

  15. HIV and AIDS. Its impact on education and an analysis of the implementation of the Kenyan education sector policy on HIV and AIDS

    The aim of this study, undertaken at the request of the Kenyan Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MoEST), was to describe and analyse the impact of HIV and AIDS on the education sector in Kenya, and provide a situational analysis of the implementation of the Kenyan Education Sector Policy on HIV and AIDS (2004). It aimed to provide empirical evidence on how HIV and AIDS have affected the education sector in Kenya, and to identify gaps in research and programme interventions. …

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