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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Regional consultation on youth and HIV/AIDS: mobilizing youth for behaviour change

    The aim of the workshop was to provide a follow-up forum for the BIG7 Alliance from the Nairobi cluster countries after the Pan-African Youth Forum in Dakar, Senegal, and to give them the opportunity to not only finalize their national action plans for HIV/AIDS prevention but also to identify regional needs and priorities that could be considered for prevention and mitigation of the impact of HIV/AIDS among young people in the region. The consultation brought together over 40 young participants from Burundi, Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda. …

  2. HIV/AIDS: the Polish policy 1985-2005

    This publication, the Polish Policy on HIV/AIDS Prevention in 1985-2005 is the fruit of efforts of all groups which have been directly involved in the HIV/AIDS actions since the beginning of the epidemics. The authors are researchers, people working on social issues as well as representatives of non governmental organizations. The Policy gathers those, who day after day put their efforts in common to counteract HIV/ AIDS, which is not only a medical issue, but also a social, economical and for some countries a political challenge. …

  3. Barbados national HIV prevention plan

    The revised HIV Prevention Plan builds on the existing World Bank's submission of the Draft Prevention Plan of Action (November 28, 2008) and seeks to integrate programme components that are strategically relevant, based on discussions with stakeholders and review of the existing core documents. Following the World Bank Mission of June 22-26, 2009, the prevention planning process continued with the goal of producing a blueprint for a comprehensive response to HIV (for the period 2008-2013) with a focus on priority populations that practice risky behaviours. …

  4. Plan estratégico de la respuesta nacional a las infecciones de transmisión sexual, VIH y SIDA en Paraguay

    El Programa Nacional de Control de SIDA/ITS en coordinación con el ONUSIDA impulsó una convocatoria a varios sectores gubernamentales y de la sociedad civil organizada, así como organizaciones de personas viviendo con VIH y SIDA para participar en la elaboración del plan estratégico de respuesta nacional a ITS/VIH y SIDA, obteniendo una execelte respuesta a la convocatoria y alto nivel de compromiso de los representantes de las instituciones convocadas.En base a un análisis de las diferentes problemáticas planteadas se identificaron y definieron cuatro problemas para ser abordados e investigad …

  5. Plan strategique national de lutte contre le VIH, le SIDA et les IST: 2011-2015

    Au terme de la mise en oeuvre du PSN 2006-2010, afin de réduire les insuffisances relevées et améliorer la réponse nationale, le Gouverment camerounais a décidé d'élaborer un nouveau Plan Stratégique National de Lutte contre le VIH, le Sida et les IST pour la période 2011-2015. Ce Plan dit de 3ème génération a pour but de réduire la morbidité et la mortalité liées au VIH et les autres IST et d'atténuer l'impact socio-économique sur le développement du pays. De façon spécifique, les objectifs stratégiques pour la période 2011-2015 sont les suivants : 1. …

  6. Behavior Change Communication Strategy for HIV Prevention in the Maldives: the Global Fund Supported Programme in the Maldives

    This BCC strategy has been developed based on comprehensive audience research, and it follows on and is linked to two companion documents: The 2008 Biological and Behavioral Survey on HIV and AIDS in the Republic of Maldives, and Konme Kamevves Vedhaane - a Comprehensive Audience Analysis for HIV Risk in the Maldives, August, 2009. These two studies were conducted by the Global Fund Supported Team in the Maldives, in collaboration with its partners, the CCHDC (then DPH), DDPRS (then NNCB), SHE and NGO Journey. …

  7. Advocacy and communication strategies to support the national strategic plan for comprehensive and multisectoral response to HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP II)

    The main platform for HIV/AIDS work in the coming years is the National Strategic Plan For Comprehensive and Multisectoral Response to HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP II). The approach outlined in NSP II includes seven strategies (Prevention; Comprehensive care and support; Impact mitigation; Effective leadership; Supportive legal and public policy environment; Increased information for policy makers and programme planners through monitoring, evaluation and research; Increased, sustainable and equitably allocated resources). …

  8. 5th AIDS Medium Term Plan (2011- 2016): the Philippine Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS

    The Philippines has maintained a low prevalence rate in HIV and AIDS. With the current spike in the number of reported cases, however, the country may not be able to keep it at the present level. There is growing evidence that the next Country Response to HIV and AIDS must catch up with, if not overtake, the spread of the epidemic at its present rate. …

  9. Mobilizing communities around HIV prevention for youth: how three coalitions applied key strategies to bring about structural changes

    Increasingly, HIV prevention efforts must focus on altering features of the social and physical environment to reduce risks associated with HIV acquisition and transmission. Community coalitions provide a vehicle for bringing about sustainable structural changes. This article shares lessons and key strategies regarding how three community coalitions located in Miami and Tampa, Florida, and San Juan, Puerto Rico engaged their respective communities in bringing about structural changes affecting policies, practices and programs related to HIV prevention for 12-24-year-olds. …

  10. Correlates of intention to use condoms among Sub-Saharan African youth: the applicability of the theory of planned behaviour

    Aims: To test the applicability of an extended version of the theory of planned behaviour for the study of condom use intentions among large samples of young people in South Africa and Tanzania. Methods: Baseline data of a randomized controlled trial of school-based HIV/AIDS prevention programmes were used. The setting comprised secondary schools in the regions of Cape Town, Polokwane and Dar es Salaam. Participants were 15,782 secondary school students. …

  11. Do stigma, blame and stereotyping contribute to unsafe sexual behaviour? A test of claims about the spread of HIV/AIDS arising from social representation theory and the AIDS risk reduction model

    In the context of social representation theory and the AIDS risk reduction model, it has been claimed that stigmatizing, blaming and stereotyping attitudes make people feel less at risk of contracting HIV/AIDS, and that this, in turn, results in them taking fewer precautions in their sexual behaviour. Previous research has failed to provide convincing evidence to support these claims. The present study provided a test of the claims that addressed some of the methodological issues identified in the earlier research. …

  12. The psychological effect of orphanhood in a matured HIV epidemic: an analysis of young people in Mukono, Uganda

    As the HIV pandemic progresses, the number of orphans is expected to rise. Uganda is one of the countries that has been most impacted by the pandemic. A few studies have explored the effects of orphanhood on psychological well-being; however, most of these studies have not explored potential pathways through which orphanhood could affect psychological well-being. Using a school-based sample, this study sought to examine the differences in depressive symptoms and hopelessness between orphans and non-orphans in Mukono District, Uganda. …

  13. Guidelines for implementation of the behaviour change communication (BCC) strategy

    The national BCC strategy was developed in collaboration with HIV and AIDS stakeholders and has since been disseminated at national and district levels. The strategy is one of the prevention oriented implementation components on HIV and AIDS for the country as outlined in the National Strategic Plan. Changing of high risk behaviours has been identified as one of the critical prevention tools for reducing new HIV infections. The Strategy provides a framework for behaviour change that is practical and addresses the realities of the Basotho nation. …

  14. Swaziland behavioural surveillance survey (BSS)

    The objectives of the BSS Round One in Swaziland were to: Help establish a monitoring system that will track behavioral trend data for high-risk and vulnerable target groups in Swaziland; Provide information on behavioral trends of key target groups in some catchment areas where HIV sentinel sero-surveillance is done; Provide information that will increase understanding of HIV prevalence trends over time; Provide information to guide the planning, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of HIV/AIDS/STI interventions; Provide evidence of the relative success of HIV prevention efforts  …

  15. Securing the future today. Synthesis of strategic information on HIV and young people

    This report covers strategic information related to young people aged 15-24 years. It provides an understanding of HIV prevalence; describes the use of HIV prevention services; reports on the level of HIV knowledge; and describes behaviours among young people that impact on the spread of HIV (Section 2). The report includes a review of reporting on the UNGASS indicators for young people by region, and the status of the epidemic and response among young people using strategic information from UNGASS reporting in 2010 (Section 3). …

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