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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Cost and cost effectiveness analysis of school-based sexuality education in six countries: full report + School-based sexuality education programmes: a cost and cost-effectiveness analysis in six countries. Executive summary

    Costing and cost-effectiveness data for HIV prevention programmes are important tools for decision-makers. In many countries, HIV prevention efforts for young people have increasingly focused on schools, with many ministries of education in the process of scaling up school-based sexuality education programmes. However, most ministries of education are implementing programmes without an adequate understanding of how much the programmes cost per learner or per HIV/STIs or unintended pregnancy averted. …

  2. Approaches to gender and sexuality: responding to HIV. Report of the findings of a survey amongst Alliance linking organisations

    Gender and sexuality have long been recognised as key factors affecting the dynamics of the HIV epidemic. Issues vary across communities and countries, but power imbalances, harmful social norms, violence and marginalisation affect women, men, girls, boys and transgender people across the world, limiting their ability to prevent HIV infection. There are a growing number of HIV and broader health initiatives that not only highlight gender issues, but also aim to change harmful norms and practices. These are called "gender-transformative" approaches. …

  3. Facts for life: Fourth edition

    Facts for Life is a joint publication of UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNDP, WFP, UNAIDS and the World Bank. It aims to provide families and communities with the information they need to save and improve the lives of children. This is the fourth edition of Facts for Life. It is based on the latest scientific findings by medical and child development experts around the world, and presented in simple language that can be understood and acted upon easily by people without a scientific background. The Facts for Life messages are also based on human rights.

  4. Transforming the national AIDS response: advancing women's leadership and participation

    Drawing on the analysis of more than 100 key informant interviews as well as 100 global survey responses, this report is an effort to better understand where and in what ways women, particularly those most affected by the epidemic, are participating in the response; the opportunities for and challenges to their participation; and strategies that can be implemented and steps taken to advance their full and meaningful participation at all levels in order to ensure that the response to HIV and AIDS reflects women's priorities and needs. …

  5. Levers of success: case studies of national sexuality education programmes

    A growing body of evidence exists to demonstrate what constitutes an effective school-based sexuality education programme. The factors that contribute to successful implementation of effective school-based sexuality education at regional, country or local levels - so-called "levers of success" - are less clear. These are the focus of this publication. The term levers of success is used to describe the conditions and actions that have been found to be conducive to the introduction or implementation of sexuality education. Such levers are both general and specific. …

  6. Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

    Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights is a short informational brief focusing on young adolescents across the world and their needs to know about their bodies and their sexual rights and responsibilities. It aims to inform policymaking on the importance to include 10-14 years old adolescents in programs and policy regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights. The document states that all young people need information and skills to protect themselves from harm and to make free, informed, and responsible sexual and reproductive decisions. …

  7. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS and care. HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination: an anthropological approach

    Ce document résulte d'un projet conjoint de l'UNESCO et d'ONUSIDA intitulé "L'approche culturelle de la prévention et du traitement du VIH et sida". Il vise à lutter contre la stigmatisation et la discrimination des personnes vivant avec le VIH. Ce document présente les actes de la table ronde organisée en novembre 2002 dans le cadre du projet sur le thème: " VIH et sida, stigmatisation et discrimination : une approche anthropologique ". …

  8. HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Case studies of successful programmes

    From the start of the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negative impact associated with the epidemic. HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to be manifest in every country and region of the world, creating major barriers to preventing further infection, alleviating impact and providing adequate care, support and treatment. Projects, programmes and activities in a range of countries have innovatively challenged HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. …

  9. Partnering: a new approach to sexual and reproductive health

    "Partnering" shows how a global consensus is emerging on how to scale up successful programmes that involve men without diverting scarce resources from women's health. In fact, men are more and more taking ownership of mobilization and advocacy for the emergence of a more gender equitable young man.

  10. Deadly inertia: a cross country study of educational responses to HIV/AIDS

    The Global Campaign for Education published this booklet to share their analysis on the response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic by the education sector in 18 countries across Asia, Latin America, and Africa undertaken in 2004. It is intended for policy makers, administrators and teachers. It has 5 chapters, includes an executive summary, recommendations and an appendix. Chapter 1 focuses on the methodology and rationale for the study; it delves into the effects of HIV/AIDS on the education sector and the powerful role education can play in stopping the epidemic. …

  11. Girls, HIV and AIDS and education

    This document was developed under a joint project between UNICEF and The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS. It provides graphic and tabular evidence which link sexual knowledge/behaviours to the educational level among young people. It outlines three priorities that support schools in protecting girls and mitigating the impact of HIV and AIDS, which are: getting and keeping girls in school, providing life-skills based education; and protecting girls from gender-based school violence. …

  12. Learning and teaching about AIDS at school

    HIV/AIDS education in schools is often denied to children and young people because the subject is considered too sensitive or controversial to be taught or it is difficult to find a place for it in an already overcrowded school curriculum. This document examines the challenges affecting the implementation of HIV/AIDS education in schools, it also documents effective responses, which include creating a partnership between policy-makers, religious and community leaders, parents and teachers in order to ensure the implementation of an effective HIV/AIDS education programme.

  13. Peer education and HIV/AIDS: Concepts, uses and challenges

    This paper provides background information from the planners and participants involved in the International Consultation on Peer Education and HIV/AIDS that took place in Kingston, Jamaica, 18-21 April 1999. The consultation's overall goal was to improve the quality of peer education programmes and their contribution to HIV/AIDS/STI prevention, care and support. This paper discusses the definition of and the theory behind peer education, and presents the findings of prior efforts to analyze HIV/AIDS peer education programmes. …

  14. Impact of HIV and sexual health education on the sexual behaviour of young people: a review update

    The present review assesses the effects of HIV/AIDS and sexual health education on young people's sexual behaviour. …

  15. Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in crisis

    This report contains important new information about why young people are the key to defeating the global HIV/AIDS epidemic, including results from more than 60 new national surveys. It reaffirms that we must we accord top priority to making investments in the well-being of young people and to engaging them in the fight against HIV/AIDS.

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