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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Addressing challenges facing adolescents in knowing and managing their HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa

    This policy paper was conceived at a joint LSHTM-Sentebale roundtable meeting in July 2017; three young people from Lesotho and Botswana presented their personal experiences and challenges of living with HIV to an audience including Prince Harry, leading HIV researchers, and senior staff from organisations such as UNAIDS, PEPFAR and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria. This paper profiles some promising approaches to address challenges and barriers identified by adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV). …

  2. HIV prevention in Southern Africa for young people with a focus on young women and girls in Botswana

    This review focuses on the major factors that drive HIV infection and explores interventions that have demonstrated effectiveness, as well as illustrating important learnings for programme development. Findings inform understanding of sex and sexuality in relation to HIV risk and the potentials for interventions in the Botswana context.

  3. Condoms in sub-Saharan Africa

    Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is the region with the world’s highest rates of HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs), yet numerous studies show that condom use is generally rare. This suggests a need for a better understanding of how condoms fit within sexual practices and relationships in SSA. This paper seeks to address this need by reviewing research published between the late 1980s and 2011 on use and factors influencing use of male condoms in SSA. …

  4. Key findings from the Botswana HIV information needs assessment

    This programme, which is part of the Southern Africa HIV Knowledge Management Initiative, aims to increase the dissemination and use of accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information in order to improve HIV prevention in the region. The objectives of the 2009 Botswana needs assessment were to : explore current HIV knowledge management systems and resources at the national and regional levels; Identify areas for improvement; Contribute to an analysis of future opportunities and directions for the regional knowledge management initiative; HIV prevention was a special focus.

  5. Assessing the Integration of gender and Human Rights in HIV Related Documents and Processes in Selected Southern African Countries. A rapid assessment

    This report presents the findings of a desk study undertaken to assess the integration of gender and human rights in HIV-related documents and processes in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It highlights best practices, lessons learned, and areas for future action. The report implies an urgency to move from the status quo, whereby the centrality of gender equality and human rights in the pandemic regionally is underestimated. …

  6. A synthesis of institutional arrangements of national aids commissions in Africa

    This paper presents a synthesis of institutional arrangements and issues currently facing National AIDS Councils/Commissions (NACs) in 2007. In this paper the term National AIDS Council or Commission or NAC is used to describe a stand-alone institution, independent of a government ministry, and usually comprising a governance body (the Board) and an operational body (the Secretariat), which, taken together form the National AIDS Council or Commission (NAC). …

  7. National and sector HIV/AIDS policies in the member states of the Southern Africa Development Community

    This report is a summary of the existing HIV/AIDS national policies and plans among countries in SADC. It is intended to provide a snapshot of the current status of policy formulation in the region and to suggest future steps to strengthen the policy environment for an effective response to the epidemic. Much of the information in this report is derived from national HIV/AIDS policies, strategic plans, HIV/AIDS policies for specific sectors and work plans. National consultants in each country collected these documents and commented on the final report.

  8. HIV/AIDS in Nigeria: bibliography report

    The contents of this bibliography have been classified into five main areas: Basic Science; Clinical Science; Epidemiology, Prevention and Public Health; Social Science; Rights, Policy, Commitment and Action. The production of this bibliography showed the existence of substantial information on various aspects of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria and that with proper planning such information could be collated. The collation of these materials is essential to help prevent duplication of research activities thus saving valuable time and resources, as well as provide relevant data and informtion on HIV/AIDS.

  9. AIDS and Democracy: What do we Know? A literature review

    This paper is structured in two sections. The first reviews work on the impact of democracy, governance, security, and related factors on the spread of HIV/AIDS. The second reviews a range of work on the impact on democracy, governance and security.

  10. Summary booklet of best practices in Africa

    This booklet attempts to capture details of a range of Best Practices in order to provide useful lessons and offer references for all actors of the International Partnership against AIDS in Africa (IPAA.)

  11. A review of household and community responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the rural areas of Sub-Saharan Africa

    The purpose of this study is to review existing literature on household and community HIV/AIDS coping strategies and to make policy recommendations. It is intended to serve as a background paper to stimulate discussion among the UN Theme Groups on HIV/AIDS and major stakeholders on what can be done. The focus is on sub-Saharan Africa. It is a desk review and has some limitations in coverage.

  12. AIDS: conceptual and methodological issues in researching sexual behaviour in sub-Saharan Africa

    This paper describes some of the conceptual and methodological issues encountered in the course of a study of mainly anthropological secondary source materials on sexual behaviour in sub-Saharan Africa. Its aim was to survey and review existing literature and other secondary sources available both outside and within Anglophone sub-Saharan Africa and to evaluate their usefulness to AIDS research and prevention. The review cautioned against the uncritical use of anthropological sources without due regard for their conceptual and methodological status. …

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