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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Zimbabwe national HIV and AIDS strategic plan [ZNASP II] 2011-2015

    The Zimbabwe National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan 2011 to 2015 is organized in the following five sections. Executive Summary: The executive summary provides an overview of the strategic plan. It articulates key policy issues, strategic orientation, outlines the impact, outcome and output results and targets of the national response and finally presents a summary of the prioritised interventions and strategies. …

  2. National strategic plan for HIV and AIDS 2011/12 - 2014/15 (revised)

    From the preface: The Government of Uganda through Uganda AIDS Commission and with support from the national HIV/AIDS Partnership revised the National Strategic Plan (2007/08-2011/12) for HIV/AIDS and aligned it to the National Development Plan (NSP). This four-year NSP for HIV/AIDS is a national multi-sector tool for guiding the national response. A participatory and consultative process was used in conducting the Mid-Term Review (MTR) of NSP whose results shaped the development of this Plan. …

  3. Malawi national HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2011-2016

    The National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan (NSP) provides: (a) an overview of the HIV and AIDS epidemic in Malawi and its impact; (b) an analysis of the national response to the epidemic; (c) the NSP; (d) a cost estimate of the NSP strategic actions and an analysis of the expected funding gap; and (e) the governance and institutional framework for the national response. It provides the strategic direction for the five year period July 2011 to June 2016.

  4. South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012

    Currently 6.4 million people in South Africa live with HIV, this figure represents a quarter of the burden of HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa and 18 per cent of the global burden. With this view, the South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012 is a crucial report for government, policy makers and other stakeholders as they work towards reducing the HIV epidemic in South Africa. This 2012 HIV survey is the fourth in the series of national population-based surveys. The survey was conducted from December 2011 to November 2012. …

  5. Local government responses to HIV/AIDS: a handbook. A Handbook to support local government authorities in addressing HIV/AIDS at the municipal level

    This handbook has been written for local government authorities (LGA) mayors, councilors, advisors and officials that are interested in developing or strengthening local responses to HIV/AIDS. It provides information, examples, and illustrative tools (surveys, checklists, modules, etc.) that guide users through the steps of recognizing and publicly acknowledging the importance of addressing HIV/AIDS, assessing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the locality, and identifying key stakeholders to initiate and coordinate a Local Government (LG) HIV/AIDS Response Strategy. …

  6. Relative Risks and the Market for Sex: Teenagers, Sugar Daddies and HIV in Kenya

    An information campaign that provided Kenyan teenagers in randomly selected schools with the information that HIV prevalence was much higher among adult men and their partners than among teenage boys led to a 65% decrease in the incidence of pregnancies by adult partners among teenage girls in the treatment group relative to the comparison. This suggests a large reduction in the incidence of unprotected cross-generational sex. The information campaign did not increase pregnancies among teenage couples. …

  7. AIDS policy in Lesotho: Implementation challenges

    HIV/AIDS, dubbed by some analysts as "a looming threat to security in Southern Africa" has been spreading at phenomenal rates in Lesotho since the first AIDS case was reported in 1986; twelve years later (1998) the number of infected adults stood at 101,000. At the end of 2001 this figure had risen by over 78% to 180,000, while children orphaned by the death of their AIDS-infected parents numbered 73,000. For an underdeveloped country with a population of just over two million, these statistics are a cause for alarm. …

  8. Tanzania third national multi-sectoral strategic framework for HIV and AIDS (2013/14 - 2017/18)

    The Third National Multi-Sectoral Strategic Framework for Mainland Tanzania 2013/14-17/18 (NMSF III) provides a common understanding for all HIV and AIDS stakeholders and reflects current normative guidance in the national response effort. Development of the NMSF III has incorporated the evaluations of the previous NMSF II (2008-2012) and recent epidemiological analyses of HIV in Tanzania. …

  9. Mainstreaming Gender in HIV Responses in Kenya: National Action Plan 2009/10 – 2012/13

    The objective of this National Action Plan is to facilitate stakeholders to mainstream gender dimensions in the designs, plans, structures and processes of policies, financing mechanisms, programmes, monitoring, evaluation and research frameworks as they respond to the epidemic. The plan provides a framework for improved and accelerated response, coordination and monitoring of the intersecting gender issues within the national response to HIV during the period 2009/10 – 212/13.

  10. Kenyan National Guidelines on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS

    People infected with HIV are at greater risk of malnutrition than those who are not infected. HIV and opportunistic infections interfere with the desire and ability to eat thus reducing dietary intake; causing mal-absorption of nutrients; increasing energy demand thus increasing nutrient requirements; and causing abnormal use of protein. Limited food security and inadequate knowledge of good nutrition in regions of Kenya where HIV is prevalent, makes the situation worse. …

  11. Gender operational plan for the HIV response in Tanzania Mainland

    The vision of this Operational Plan is ‘Tanzania is united in its efforts to reduce the spread of HIV and provide the best available care for women, men, girls and boys infected with or affected by the virus.’ Its mission is 'Guiding and safeguarding the intensification and scaling up of gender sensitive quality HIV & AIDS prevention, care, treatment, support and impact mitigation programs and interventions within a framework of a well-coordinated national multisectoral response programme led by Central Governments, anchored at the Local Government Authorities, rooted in communities and active …

  12. Botswana national policy on HIV and AIDS

    The objective of the National Policy on HIV and AIDS is to : Prevent the spread of HIV infection and reduce the socio-economic impact of the disease ; Create a policy environment for the provision of adequate and equitable care and support to those infected and affected with HIV and AIDS ; To reduce HIV and AIDS related stigma and discrimination towards persons infected with or affected by HIV and AIDS and draw attention the compelling public health rationale for overcoming stigmatization and discrimination against them in society ; Provide coordination in order to enhance implementation of th …

  13. Summary of the National behavioural change strategy for preventing sexual transmission of HIV

    In Zimbabwe HIV is mostly transmitted through sexual contact. It is estimated that around 4 in 5 HIV infections in Zimbabwe are due to sexual transmission. HIV is now also found in all groups of people in the population, implying that all sexually active people are at risk of contracting HIV. Hence, promoting safe sexual behaviours has to be at the heart of HIV prevention in all communities of Zimbabwe. This strategy offers guidance on what actions can be taken to promote and sustain safe sexual behaviours.

  14. Condoms in sub-Saharan Africa

    Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is the region with the world’s highest rates of HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs), yet numerous studies show that condom use is generally rare. This suggests a need for a better understanding of how condoms fit within sexual practices and relationships in SSA. This paper seeks to address this need by reviewing research published between the late 1980s and 2011 on use and factors influencing use of male condoms in SSA. …

  15. Strengthening gender based violence and HIV response in sub-Saharan Africa. Report of workshop organised by Liverpool VCT, Care and treatment (LVCT), World Health Organization (WHO) and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI)

    The Regional Workshop on Strengthening Gender Based Violence and HIV Response and Services in Sub-Saharan Africa was organized jointly by Liverpool VCT, Care and Treatment (LVCT), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI). It was supported by Comic Relief through Trocaire, the United Nations Trust Fund to End Violence against Women, the Elton John AIDS Foundation, and Population Council. …

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