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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV Beyond Goal 3: Interconnections between HIV, human rights and sustainable development

    World leaders have committed to ending AIDS through a new framework for action: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the Sustainable Development Goals. Ending AIDS is now part of a broader health goal (SDG 3): Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages; however, the AIDS response must also focus on gender equality, human rights, economic empowerment and education. Interconnectivity actoss the SDGs is critical to the goal of ending AIDS. This paper outlines the interconnections between certain SDG targets, human rights laws and how HIV is linked to these. …

  2. The youth bulge and HIV

    In many sub-Saharan African countries, declines in child mortality combined with a slow decline in fertility have resulted in children and young adults comprising a large part of the overall population. This is known as the youth bulge. The youth bulge is not new. Younger generations have almost always been larger than the previous generation. However, before the twentieth century, high child mortality meant that a large proportion of children did not survive to adulthood. …

  3. Frequently asked questions about HIV and AIDS

    This booklet contains a list of frequently asked questions, and answers, about HIV and AIDS.

  4. 2016 high-level meeting on ending AIDS: fast-track to ending AIDS

    To end the AIDS epidemic by 2030 will require countries to take a Fast- Track approach over the next five years. To ensure that global efforts are accelerated in this short window, the President of the United Nations General Assembly is convening a High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS from 8 to 10 June 2016 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. At this meeting United Nations Member States will come together to draft a new Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS. …

  5. All In: #EndAdolescentAIDS

    All In! to #EndAdolescentAIDS is a platform for action and collaboration to inspire a social movement to drive better results with and for adolescents through critical changes in programmes and policy. It aims to unite actors across relevant sectors in order to accelerate reductions in AIDS-related deaths and new HIV infections among adolescents by 2020 as part of the global push to end the AIDS epidemic for all by 2030. …

  6. Local government responses to HIV/AIDS: a handbook. A Handbook to support local government authorities in addressing HIV/AIDS at the municipal level

    This handbook has been written for local government authorities (LGA) mayors, councilors, advisors and officials that are interested in developing or strengthening local responses to HIV/AIDS. It provides information, examples, and illustrative tools (surveys, checklists, modules, etc.) that guide users through the steps of recognizing and publicly acknowledging the importance of addressing HIV/AIDS, assessing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the locality, and identifying key stakeholders to initiate and coordinate a Local Government (LG) HIV/AIDS Response Strategy. …

  7. Together we will end AIDS

    This report contains the latest data on numbers of new HIV infections, numbers of people receiving antiretroviral therapy, AIDS-related deaths and HIV among children. It highlights new scientific opportunities and social progress which are bringing the world closer to UNAIDS vision of zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths. This publication also gives an overview of international and domestic HIV investments and the need for greater value for money and sustainability.

  8. An action guide for gender equality in national HIV plans: catalyzing change through evidence-based advocacy

    A growing body of evidence links HIV risk with women's social and economic inequality, male norms that drive sexual risk, and the social marginalization of individuals whose sexual identity or behavior is perceived to fall outside accepted norms. In recognition of this, many international donor agencies are funding programs that aim to reduce gender inequality as a driver of the epidemic. HIV service providers are already responding with innovative and often courageous strategies for overcoming gender-based drivers of the epidemic. But more is needed at the national level. …

  9. Advocacy and communication strategies to support the national strategic plan for comprehensive and multisectoral response to HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP II)

    The main platform for HIV/AIDS work in the coming years is the National Strategic Plan For Comprehensive and Multisectoral Response to HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP II). The approach outlined in NSP II includes seven strategies (Prevention; Comprehensive care and support; Impact mitigation; Effective leadership; Supportive legal and public policy environment; Increased information for policy makers and programme planners through monitoring, evaluation and research; Increased, sustainable and equitably allocated resources). …

  10. The 'AIDS and MDGs' approach: what is it, why does it matter and how do we take it forward?

    This paper outlines three important pillars of an AIDS and MDGs approach: 1. Understanding how AIDS and the other MDGs impact on one another; 2. Documenting and exchanging lessons learned across AIDS and other MDGs; and 3. Creating cross-MDG synergy and increasing cost-effectiveness through intervention strategies that simultaneously address AIDS together with other MDGs. The paper proposes broader policy level implications to move the AIDS and MDGs approach forward. These recommendations include: 1. Map the HIV epidemic in relation to the broader MDG and development context. 2. …

  11. Investing in youth for national development

    Despite the commitment of many policymakers and advocates to addressing the ever-increasing sexual and reproductive health needs of youth, calls for appropriate programs, services, and funding have gone largely unanswered. Youth around the world remain at high risk of unplanned pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, and sexually transmitted infections, even though many small-scale programs are ready for scale up and would help youth achieve their potential and help nations achieve their development goals. …

  12. The AIDS Accountability Scorecard on Women 2009: are governments keeping their promises?

    The AIDS Accountability Scorecard on Women presents an analysis of the degree to which countries are fulfilling their commitments to respond to the needs of women in the context of the AIDS epidemic. The Scorecard has been developed through a consultative process involving globally acknowledged experts from civil society, UN agencies, and research and public health institutions.

  13. Responses to AIDS challenges in Brazil: limits and possibilities

    The general purpose of this survey is to register the roles carried out by different participants in the Brazilian response to the AIDS challenge. Such participants include the state at both the local and national levels, and international agencies as UNESCO, in particular. Above all, the survey intends to assess the impact of actions performed by civil society entities engaged in AIDS-related actions, mainly those supported by UNESCO and UNODC. This survey is a joint work by UNESCO/Ministry of Health National Program on STD and AIDS.

  14. Proposing a funding plan for universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and care by 2010

    Two years on from the commitment by world leaders to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and care by 2010, the global response to HIV and AIDS remains woefully under funded. In 2007 for example, a comprehensive response to HIV and AIDS in low- and middle-income countries requires an estimated US$18.1 billion, increasing to US$23 billion in 2010. UNAIDS estimate the funding gap to be US$8.1 billion in 2007 and at least US$10 billion per annum between 2008 and 2010. …

  15. Nepal National Advocacy Plan on HIV and AIDS 2008-2011

    This advocacy plan provides comprehensive guidelines to the concerned advocacy group/s to concentrate their efforts to ensure change. It explains the major issue that need to be addressed by the advocates as the specific target area on which advocacy needs to be continued. This Advocacy Plan has been developed to strongly support the implementation of the National Action Plan on AIDS 2008-2011 and thereby accelerate an expanded response on HIV and AIDS in Nepal. …

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