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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Facteurs de risque de l'infection à VIH/sida chez la femme

    Ce document étudie les raisons de la situation épidémiologique qui montre une augmentation des cas de sida dans la population hétérosexuelle, avec un pourcentage 3 à 8 fois plus important chez les femmes que chez les hommes. Les auteurs parlent de la plus grande vulnérabilité des femmes vis-à-vis du VIH est due à des facteurs physiologiques et biologiques mais également à des pressions sociales, culturelles et économiques qui ne leur permettent pas d'assurer leur prévention. …

  2. Girls, HIV and AIDS and education

    This document was developed under a joint project between UNICEF and The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS. It provides graphic and tabular evidence which link sexual knowledge/behaviours to the educational level among young people. It outlines three priorities that support schools in protecting girls and mitigating the impact of HIV and AIDS, which are: getting and keeping girls in school, providing life-skills based education; and protecting girls from gender-based school violence. …

  3. Girl power: the impact of girls' education on HIV and sexual behaviour

    Girl Power shows that, early in the epidemic (before 1995), more highly educated women were more vulnerable to HIV than women who were less well educated. The most likely reason is that more highly educated people had better economic prospects, which influenced their lifestyle choices such as mobility and number of sexual partners. At that stage, there was also a general information vacuum about HIV and AIDS in Africa.However, as the epidemic has evolved, the relationship between girls' education and HIV has also changed. …

  4. Counselling and voluntary HIV testing for pregnant women in high HIV prevalence countries: elements and issues

    Ce document donne des orientations en matière de conseil et de dépistage volontaire du VIH. D'abord, il donne un aperçu de l'ampleur du problème de la transmission mère-enfant. Ensuite, il revient sur les avantages des services de conseil et de dépistage volontaire du VIH dans le contexte de la grossesse, puis traite du contenu des services de conseil. Enfin, il examine les questions d'ordre opérationnel et les difficultés potentielles liées à la mise en place et à la conduite de ce type de services.

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