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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The role of partners’ educational attainment in the association between HIV and education amongst women in seven sub-Saharan African countries

    Introduction: Individuals’ educational attainment has long been considered as a risk factor for HIV. However, little attention has been paid to the association between partner educational attainment and HIV infection. Methods: We conducted cross-sectional analysis of young women (aged 1534) in 14 Demographic and Health Surveys from seven sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries with generalized HIV epidemics. …

  2. Comprehensive sexuality education in teacher training in Eastern and Southern Africa

    This report is a consolidated summary and analysis of the status of comprehensive sexuality education for teacher training in 21 countries in the East and Southern Africa region.

  3. Effects of peer education intervention on HIV/AIDS related sexual behaviors of secondary school students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a quasi-experimental study

    Background: Worldwide, about 50 % of all new cases of HIV occur in youth between age 15 and 24 years. Studies in various sub-Saharan African countries show that both out of school and in school adolescents and youth are engaged in risky sexual behaviors. School-based health education has been a cornerstone of youth-focused HIV prevention efforts since the early 1990s. In addition, peer-based interventions have become a common method to effect important health-related behavior changes and address the HIV/AIDS pandemic. …

  4. Good practices on HIV/AIDS and sexual reproductive health from higher education institutions in Ethiopia

    Criteria for Evaluation of Good Practices Submitted from Member Higher Education Institutions; 1. Innovativeness (It could be something initiated by HEI as original or existing program with contextualized modification of key focus areas of interventions stipulated in the forum’s policy and strategy framework or education sector response policy against the epidemic); 2. Explicability or adaptability (have the potential to serve as a model for generating initiatives in the other HEIs); 3. …

  5. Strengthening contemporary school health, nutrition and HIV prevention programmes. Report of the 8th Annual Africa Short Course

    In June 2012, the Partnership for Child Development (PCD), Imperial College London, in partnership with the Eastern and Southern African Centre for International Parasite Control (ESACIPAC) and West African Centre for International Parasite Control (WACIPAC), delivered the 8th Annual Short Course on Strengthening Contemporary School Health, Nutrition and HIV Prevention Programmes at the Sun ’n’ Sand Beach Resort in Kilifi, Kenya. …

  6. Education sector response to HIV and AIDS: learning from good practices in Ethiopia

    This document is a qualitative study on higher education institutions’ in Ethiopia HIV and AIDS and gender interventions that can be cited as good practices for the purpose of learning from and identifying what approaches worked best and the underlying reasons for the success. The document provides an important framework in presenting the existing good practices and drawing lessons in an informative way. …

  7. Education sector response to HIV and AIDS: assessment on responses of higher education institutions to HIV/AIDS and gender in Ethiopia

    This assessment is based on an institution-based cross-sectional survey conducted with the main objective of assessing the current status of HIV/AIDS and gender responses of higher education institutions in Ethiopia. Eighteen public and four private HEIs located in nine regions of the country were covered by the study. The study was conducted between October and November 2011. The HEIs covered by this assessment have organized their HIV/AIDS program at different levels. …

  8. HIV/AIDS and the health-related Millennium Development Goals: the experience in Ethiopia

    Ethiopia’s AIDS response is distinguished by its ‘integrated health system strengthening approach’ to expanding health service delivery. This approach is believed to have contributed to the significant strides the country has made towards the health MDGs. At the global level, in a drive to maximize efficiencies and demonstrate the impact of the substantial investments made in health over the last decade, there has been growing literature examining the positive bi-directional linkages between the response to AIDS and the MDGs. …

  9. Integrating family planning and HIV services: programs in Kenya and Ethiopia lead the way

    To document how programs are actually implementing integrated services, AIDSTAR-One visited several programs in Kenya and Ethiopia and focused especially on the integration of FP and HIV services. FP/HIV integration has been the focus of much research and policy-level support, but documentation and evaluation of implementation experience are lacking.

  10. Coffee, Popcorn, Soup, and HIV

    Chronic food insecurity and achieving strict adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) are global challenges that, together, have a deleterious effect on children living with HIV. In Ethiopia, where the child malnutrition rate is one of the highest in the world, side effects of treatment threaten to reduce adherence to drug regimens and contribute to the development of drug-resistant strains of HIV. …

  11. Piecing it together for women and girls. The gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma: evidence from Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic and Ethiopia

    This report focuses on the gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma. It aims to fill a gap and advance a more nuanced understanding and more effective advocacy on how stigma affects women and girls living with HIV more, less or differently to men and boys. This is an advocacy tool for use by relevant stakeholders - from international donors to global policy makers, national governments, programme managers, civil society and people living with HIV. …

  12. Policy and institutional frameworks: mainstreaming adolescent reproductive health (ARH) and gender in HIV/AIDS programs: examples from Ethiopia and Uganda

    This document is divided into six parts (Part I-VI). Part I covers (a) the study background including objectives, methodologies and activities; and (b) an overview of the HIV situation among young people and adolescents in the Africa region. Part II and III present key findings from Ethiopia and Uganda, including a review of policies and the institutional environment in both countries in regards to gender, youth, ARH and HIV/AIDS. Part IV includes key findings of six country assessments of youth issues in the Multi-Sector Programs on HIV/AIDS of the World Bank. …

  13. Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV: Five Years of Experience from Sub-Saharan Africa

    This review was undertaken by the Ministry of Education Focal Points for school health and HIV/AIDS from countries in Sub-Saharan Africa participating in the Accelerate Initiative, together with representatives of stakeholders and partners, using data collated during the 2007 school health and HIV/AIDS Focal Point Survey. …

  14. Educational attainment and HIV status among Ethiopian voluntary counseling and testing clients

    We examined the association between HIV infection and educational attainment level among a population of 34,512 voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) clients in Ethiopia, using client data from the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE). Overall, more than 50 percent of the VCT clients report at least secondary level educational attainment, and HIV prevalence is 8.5 percent for men and 14.3 percent for women. …

  15. Study of Family Planning and HIV Integrated Services in Five Countries

    In the past several years, there has been a growing international dialogue on the feasibility and desirability of providing integrated family planning (FP) and HIV services. The reasons for offering joint, complementary services are many. Adding FP services to counseling and testing might provide an opportunity to reach populations that do not typically attend FP clinics, such as the sexually active young and unmarried, men, and members of high-risk groups such as sex workers. …

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