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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Addressing challenges facing adolescents in knowing and managing their HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa

    This policy paper was conceived at a joint LSHTM-Sentebale roundtable meeting in July 2017; three young people from Lesotho and Botswana presented their personal experiences and challenges of living with HIV to an audience including Prince Harry, leading HIV researchers, and senior staff from organisations such as UNAIDS, PEPFAR and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria. This paper profiles some promising approaches to address challenges and barriers identified by adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV). …

  2. HIV prevention in Southern Africa for young people with a focus on young women and girls in Botswana

    This review focuses on the major factors that drive HIV infection and explores interventions that have demonstrated effectiveness, as well as illustrating important learnings for programme development. Findings inform understanding of sex and sexuality in relation to HIV risk and the potentials for interventions in the Botswana context.

  3. In or Out? Asia-Pacific review of young key populations in national AIDS strategic plans

    To better understand how countries are tackling the HIV epidemic among young key populations, a number of agencies agreed to partner to investigate how these groups were being addressed in national AIDS strategic plans in the Asia-Pacific region. This report is the outcome of this effort, and aims to inform country-based reviews and progress reports of current NSPs, and the development of future plans with greater attention to these populations. …

  4. Analysis of the situation and response to HIV/AIDS in Belize 2011: Policy and legislative review

    This document is a compilation of the laws and policies that make up the legal framework associated with Belize’s national response to HIV/AIDS. Its primary purpose is to serve as a source of legal and policy information for policy makers and HIV/AIDS program developers and implementers. The document begins with a brief summary of a 2008/2009 legislative review initiated by the National AIDS Commission (NAC) to identify legislative gaps in the national response to HIV/AIDS. Following this discussion is a table listing key national laws and policies related to health and HIV/AIDS. …

  5. Can money prevent the spread of HIV? A review of cash payments for HIV prevention

    Cash payments to improve health outcomes have been used for many years; however, their use for HIV prevention is new and the impact not yet well understood. We provide a brief background on the rationale behind using cash to improve health outcomes, review current studies completed or underway using cash for prevention of sexual transmission of HIV, and outline some key considerations on the use of cash payments to prevent HIV infections. We searched the literature for studies that implemented cash transfer programs and measured HIV or HIV-related outcomes. …

  6. Condoms in sub-Saharan Africa

    Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is the region with the world’s highest rates of HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs), yet numerous studies show that condom use is generally rare. This suggests a need for a better understanding of how condoms fit within sexual practices and relationships in SSA. This paper seeks to address this need by reviewing research published between the late 1980s and 2011 on use and factors influencing use of male condoms in SSA. …

  7. HIV prevention cost-effectiveness: a systematic review

    Background: After more than 25 years, public health programs have not been able to sufficiently reduce the number of new HIV infections. Over 7,000 people become infected with HIV every day. Lack of convincing evidence of cost-effectiveness (CE) may be one of the reasons why implementation of effective programs is not occurring at sufficient scale. This paper identifies, summarizes and critiques the CE literature related to HIV-prevention interventions in low- and middle-income countries during 2005-2008. …

  8. HIV prevention interventions in Trinidad and Tobago: mapping of work conducted in HIV prevention from 2004-2010

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) continues to be a major public health concern in Trinidad and Tobago. In keeping with the UNAIDS global thrust of examining HIV prevention in order to halt HIV transmission and "Scale-Up" the response, Trinidad and Tobago has conducted a review of its HIV prevention efforts for the period 2004-2010 to guide the way forward in HIV prevention.

  9. Key findings from the Botswana HIV information needs assessment

    This programme, which is part of the Southern Africa HIV Knowledge Management Initiative, aims to increase the dissemination and use of accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information in order to improve HIV prevention in the region. The objectives of the 2009 Botswana needs assessment were to : explore current HIV knowledge management systems and resources at the national and regional levels; Identify areas for improvement; Contribute to an analysis of future opportunities and directions for the regional knowledge management initiative; HIV prevention was a special focus.

  10. Integrating gender into HIV/AIDS programmes: a review paper

    In order to update and build upon the UNAIDS effort, the World Health Organization (WHO) has identified the need to develop a set of guidelines to help national level HIV/AIDS programme planners and managers integrate gender-based issues and needs comprehensively within HIV/AIDS policies and programmes. These guidelines are intended to go beyond the "what" and the "why" to the "how" by providing a comprehensive framework for addressing gender in our response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. To initiate the drafting of the guidelines, WHO held an Expert Consultation in Geneva in June 2002. …

  11. Investing in youth for national development

    Despite the commitment of many policymakers and advocates to addressing the ever-increasing sexual and reproductive health needs of youth, calls for appropriate programs, services, and funding have gone largely unanswered. Youth around the world remain at high risk of unplanned pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, and sexually transmitted infections, even though many small-scale programs are ready for scale up and would help youth achieve their potential and help nations achieve their development goals. …

  12. Children and AIDS: fifth stocktaking report, 2010

    Advocacy and investment on behalf of children affected by AIDS have had an impact, and the goal of eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV appears within reach. But for every problem solved or advance made, new challenges and constraints have arisen. This Children and AIDS: Fifth Stocktaking Report examines current data, trends and the progress that's been made - pointing out disparities in access, coverage and outcomes - and calls for concrete actions to benefit the millions of children, women and families worldwide who bear the burden of the epidemic.

  13. A systematic literature review of HIV and AIDS research in Papua New Guinea 2007-2008

    The primary objectives of the review were to systematically collect and review studies on HIV, AIDS, STIs and STDs conducted in PNG between 2007 and 2008; to assess the quality and reliability of these studies; and to synthesize the research findings under common thematic areas. The secondary objective of the review was to identify relevant recommendations for researchers, policy makers, practitioners, and stakeholders. …

  14. Cartographie des ressources humaines de la lutte contre le SIDA en Côte d'Ivoire

    Au cours de ces dernières années, la communauté internationale s'est mobilisée pour lutter contre la pandémie du sida. Aujourd'hui, les ressources humaines sont reconnues non seulement comme un capital stratégique, mais également comme la plus importante ressource pour une lutte efficace. Cependant, dans bien des pays, la pénurie et l'absence de ressources humaines qualifiées constituent très souvent un obstacle à la réalisation des objectifs des programmes de lutte contre le Sida. …

  15. AIDS-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, Behavior, and Practices: A Survey of 6 Chinese Cities

    This survey investigates knowledge, attitudes, behavior and practices (KAB/P) among different segments of society in six important Chinese cities Kunming, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Wuhan, Zhengzhou and Beijing. The survey was conducted by Renmin University with financial and technical support from UNAIDS, the Global Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria (GBC), and Ogilvy. …

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