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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. An inventory of alcohol-related questions in the demographic and health surveys and an analysis of alcohol use and unsafe sex in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This report provides an overview of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) survey questions related to alcohol consumption and an analysis of outcomes from these questions in DHS surveys. It first examines the questions on alcohol use and the response categories in all surveys that included questions about ever, typical, or current alcohol consumption. The inventory found that alcohol questions were included in 65 surveys in 42 developing countries between 1987 and 2014, and 19 different questions related to alcohol consumption were identified. …

  2. Efficacy of an American alcohol and hiv prevention curriculum adapted for use in South Africa: results of a pilot study in five township schools

    The high prevalence of HIV among young people in African countries underscores a pressing need for effective prevention interventions. Adapting school–based prevention programs developed in the United States for use in African schools may present an alternative to the time–consuming process of developing home–grown programs. The researchers report the results of a pretest–posttest field trial of an alcohol/ HIV prevention curriculum adapted from an American model and delivered to ninth-grade students in five South African township schools. …

  3. Alcohol consumption, sexual partners, and HIV transmission in Namibia

    This report presents the results of a qualitative research study undertaken to examine the impact of alcohol consumption on sexual partnerships and its implications for the transmission of HIV. The study examines individual experiences related to the risk of HIV infection. The overall objective of this study was to provide information to plan effective interventions to reduce HIV transmission in Namibia. The two likely drivers of the HIV/AIDS pandemic that were examined were alcohol consumption and concurrent sexual partnering. …

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