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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Transitioning of Care and other Services for Adolescents Living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

    As the number of adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) continues to grow, the need to improve services, policies, and programs intensifies. This technical brief provides guidance for program managers and policymakers in order to develop services for ALHIV and their families/caregivers as they transition toward HIV self-management and adult clinical care. Focusing more specifically on the transitional needs of adolescents vertically infected with HIV, the contents have relevance for those adolescents infected via behavioral routes. …

  2. Transitioning care, support, and treatment services for adolescents living with HIV: Regional Technical Consultation Report, February 7–10, 2012, Gaborone, Botswana

    Advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART) and improved health services mean that increasing numbers of children infected with HIV perinatally will survive into adulthood. …

  3. Safety and tolerability of antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected children and adolescents in Uganda

    The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and outcome of ART-related adverse events among patients ages 6 weeks to 18 years. The authors followed up a cohort of 378 HIV-infected children and adolescents who started ART at the Baylor-Uganda Clinic during the period of July 2004 to July 2009. Patients were started on zidovudine or stavudine, plus lamivudine, and efavirenz or nevirapine. Adverse events were recorded as they occurred. Descriptive analyses and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were carried out. …

  4. HIV Status Disclosure and Retention in Care in HIV-Infected Adolescents on Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in West Africa

    The authors assessed the effect of HIV status disclosure on retention in care from initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV-infected children ages 10 years or more in Cote d'Ivoire, Mali and Senegal. They conducted a multi-center cohort study within five pediatric clinics participating in the IeDEA West Africa collaboration. …

  5. Treatment outcomes in HIV-infected adolescents attending a community-based antiretroviral therapy clinic in South Africa

    As the HIV epidemic matures, survival of children with perinatally acquired HIV infection into adolescence is increasingly being documented in sub-Saharan African countries. In addition, the burden of HIV in the adolescent patient population in the region is also due to sexual transmission, with adolescents and young adults being particularly vulnerable to this mode of infection. HIV care and treatment services in the region need to adapt to adequately meet the specific needs of this expanding disease burden among adolescents. …

  6. Courage and Hope. African teachers living positively with HIV

    122,000 teachers in sub-Saharan Africa are estimated to be living with HIV, most of who do not know their status. Stigma remains their greatest challenge. In 2007, a network of African journalists compiled a book entitled “Courage and Hope” telling the first-hand stories of African teachers who are HIV positive and living healthy, active lives as teachers. This film shows some of the stories those journalists discovered. The teachers went through stigma and discrimination and each used their experience to teach a new generation of teachers, what it means to live positively.

  7. Community Education and Referral: Supporting adherence to ARV treatment and prevention for people with HIV in Zambia Interim Progress Report: June 1st 2004 - April 1st 2005

    Each day 300 - 500 people in Zambia become infected with HIV. About 900,000 people are living with HIV/AIDS, and of these 200,000 people need ARV treatment. The scale up of ARV treatment is based on the National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Framework for 2003 - 2008. …

  8. Situational analysis on SRH/HIV integration in Zambia

    To contribute to the achievement of RH and HIV integration, SAfAIDS and Youth Vision Zambia in partnership with Population Action International commissioned a 15 days rapid situation analysis to establish the current national baseline of existing national policies, HIV and RH integration programmes and opportunities for advocacy for increased integration. …

  9. I Am One of 7 Million: YPLHIV Advocacy Messages

    This advocacy poster containing key messages and briefing paper were developed by GNP+ and the World AIDS Campaign by and for youth. They emerged from a literature review, key informant interviews and an online survey of 168 youth livign with HIV from 55 countries. The messages are also available in French, Spanish, and Russian.

  10. Adolescents Living with HIV (ALHIV) Toolkit

    This toolkit, created by USAID, AED, and collaborating organizations, provides resources relevant to the treatment, care, and support of adolescents living with HIV worldwide (ALHIV), namely training; treatment literacy and adherence; counseling and disclosure; life skills; prevention and reproductive health; psychosocial support; human rights and advocacy; peer education; adolescent transitioning and research, policy, and promising practices.

  11. Adolescent HIV: cause for concern in Southern Africa

    There is a substantial burden of HIV infection in adolescents in southern Africa who acquired HIV perinatally. It is evident that they contribute substantially to hospital admissions and in-hospital deaths. There is an urgent need for services that will be able to provide accessible and appropriate HIV testing, counseling, and support, as well as facilitate access to ART and appropriate sexual risk-reduction interventions. …

  12. Needs, challenges and opportunities: adolescents and young people living with HIV in Zambia

    The aims of this qualitative study, carried out in 2010, were twofold. The first was to explore and document the psychosocial, sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of adolescents (10-19) living with HIV in Zambia. The second aim was to identify gaps between these needs and existing SRH and HIV-related initiatives and services currently available to young people.

  13. Educational attainment and HIV status among Ethiopian voluntary counseling and testing clients

    We examined the association between HIV infection and educational attainment level among a population of 34,512 voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) clients in Ethiopia, using client data from the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE). Overall, more than 50 percent of the VCT clients report at least secondary level educational attainment, and HIV prevalence is 8.5 percent for men and 14.3 percent for women. …

  14. Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS. Gateways to integration: a case study from Kenya

    The process of linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS needs to work in both directions: this means that traditional sexual and reproductive health services need to integrate HIV/AIDS interventions, and also that programmes set up to address the AIDS epidemic need to integrate more general services for sexual and reproductive health. While there is broad consensus that strengthening linkages should be beneficial for clients, only limited evidence is published regarding real benefits, feasibility, costs and implications for health systems. …

  15. HIV and AIDS Policy

    The impact of the epidemic has given a new dimension to the University's social responsibility in the wake of changing socioeconomic milieu. The development and adoption of the University HIV and AIDS Policy is intended to facilitate the domestication of the National HIV and AIDS Policy and the Education Sector HIV and AIDS Policy within the Egerton University setting as a specific workplace and learning institution.This policy document acts as a guideline for effective adoption of HIV and AIDS prevention, care and support programmes and activities within the University and its environs.

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