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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Switched on: sexuality education in the digital space

    This technical brief summarises the findings of two reviews commissioned by UNESCO in 2019. The first is a desk review of the evidence for the use of digital resources to deliver sexuality education for young people, conducted by the Institute of Development Studies (UK). The review aimed to explore the extent to which digital content can influence knowledge, attitudes and practices of young people 10-24 years old and the potential for digital spaces to be used to add value to the traditional delivery of CSE. …

  2. IFMSA policy document: comprehensive sexuality education

    The IFMSA acknowledges the relevance of Comprehensive Sexuality Education for ensuring the respect to sexual and reproductive rights in the different stages of the life cycle. IFMSA believes the inclusion of CSE in the national curricula will help youth to have a healthier sexual and reproductive lives, free from stigma and discrimination. Moreover, the IFMSA condemns gender based violence (GBV), as it poses a serious threat to all genders; so we promote CSE as a powerful tool to attack the roots of GBV since the beginnings of life.

  3. Análisis sobre educación sexual integral, conocimientos y actitudes en sexualidad en adolescentes escolarizados: informe final

    El documento describe las características de los programas efectivos (del proceso de desarrollo curricular y del currículo), así como las buenas prácticas en instituciones educativas, y menciona que el enfoque de educación integral en sexualidad basado en un marco de derechos busca dotar a la gente joven de los conocimientos, aptitudes, actitudes y valores indispensables para la determinación y gozo de su sexualidad, tanto física como emocionalmente.

  4. Línea base de educación integral en sexualidad del nivel de educación primaria

    El estudio de línea base representa la posibilidad de articular un sistema de información con instituciones y organizaciones con la finalidad de establecer un enfoque común de la educación en sexualidad en el marco de los derechos humanos. Asimismo se espera que sea un punto de referencia que permita planificar, monitorear y evaluar la implementación de la Estrategia de Educación Integral en Sexualidad tomando como base las necesidades manifestadas para la toma de decisiones.

  5. Family life and HIV education for junior secondary schools: students' handbook

    The Family Life and HIV Education for Junior Secondary Schools: Students' Handbook aims to empower young people with the knowledge and skills to live happy and healthy lives. It provides answers to many of the questions young people usually have about the physical and emotional issues they face during adolescence. The handbook covers matters like setting sexual limits, negotiating, making values-based decisions, finding help, and communicating effectively. …

  6. Outcomes of three different models for sex education and citizenship programs concerning knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of Brazilian adolescents

    This cross-sectional study describes three approaches to sex education in schools in three locations-- Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, and Salvador, all in Brazil. It compares knowledge, attitudes and practices related to sexuality, citizenship and gender among adolescents in schools with such programs, compared to controls in schools without them. Results show that the program in Salvador improved knowledge on sexuality and reproductive physiology, attitudes towards citizenship, and use of modern contraceptives compared to controls. …

  7. Abstinence only vs. comprehensive sex education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence?

    Abstinence Only vs. Comprehensive Sex Education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence? is a document focusing on the impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex education programs established in United States. Indeed, the United States still has the highest rates of STIs and teen pregnancy of any industrialized nation. Since President Bush, the Congress tends to promotes abstinence-only approach that will likely have serious unintended consequences by denying young people access to the information they need to protect themselves. …

  8. Good lovers. A new concept of sex education

    The document has been developed by SENSOA, the Flemish expert organisation on sexual health and HIV. It is a provisonal synthesis of the direction that sex education should take. It emphasizes the importance of sex education at school, even if there is no censensus about the content of this controversial subject. It presents sex education as a "fascinating" and important subject for young people because it should guide them in their development into adults who are capable of integrating sexuality and intimacy with others into their lives in a meaningful and positive way. …

  9. Tell Me More! Children's Rights and Sexuality in the Context of HIV/AIDS in Africa

    This report examines sexuality and children's rights in relation to the HIV epidemic in selected countries of Africa. The study is grounded in the principle laid down in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. The report summarizes literature on children's perspectives and opinions on the issue of sexuality and related concerns. It shows that some of the policies and programmes directed toward children are using messages that do not correspond to children's reality. …

  10. National Family Life and HIV Education Curriculum for junior secondary schools in Nigeria

    This curriculum has been developed to assist individuals to have a clear and factual view of humanity; to provide them with the information and skills necessary for rational decision-making about their sexual health; to change behaviour; and to prevent HIV infection. The curriculum is oriented towards learners. Many activities are geared towards making learning practical and pupil-centred. The content gradually becomes more complex as the student moves from one level to the next. The purpose of the curriculum is the promotion of awareness about, and prevention of, HIV. …

  11. Jamaican guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education: pre-school through age 24

    This document provides information for acquiring and forming attitudes, beliefs and values on topics such as identity, relationships and intimacy. It helps to expand understanding around HIV and AIDS, parent-child communication on sexuality, gender-based violence, child sexual abuse and forced sex, in order to improve awareness and communication around these issues. The guidelines may be used as a tool and supplemental resource for professionals to augment the Ministry of Education's Health and Family Life Education initiative in Jamaica. …

  12. Science and success in developing countries: holistic programs that work to prevent teen pregnancy, HIV and sexually transmitted infections

    This 34-page paper represents a compilation of ten programmes that demonstrate their effectiveness in reducing behavioural risks for pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, among youth in developing countries. The report describes these youth as facing significant threats to their health and well-being as a reault of HIV/AIDS, high rates of STIs, and unintended pregnancies that may result in maternal morbidity and/or mortality. …

  13. Juventudes e sexualidade

    Youth and Sexuality” aims at understanding how students, parents and the technical and pedagogical staff of schools perceive the issues related to juvenile sexuality, such as the sexual initiation of young people, teenage pregnancy, contraceptives, abortion, violence, prejudices and discrimination. The study was conducted in 14 Brazilian capital-cities, targeting public and private schools, both elementary and secondary. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used, applying questionnaire, individual and focal group interviews techniques. …

  14. Expanding contraceptive options and access for youth: education, services, and products can help protect against unintended pregnancy and STIs

    Education, services, and products can help protect youth against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, but groups should be targeted with appropriate messages.

  15. Fourteen and younger: the sexual behavior of young adolescents. Summary

    This summary is based on the seven-chapter publication "14 and Younger: the Sexual Behavior of Young Adolescents" - the work of seven teams of investigators examining three nationally-representative data sets and three smaller data sets. It provides answers to some lingering questions concerning this age group's sexual activity, pregnancy rate, contraceptive use, dating patterns, and communication with their parents about sex and related issues.

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