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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Evaluation of the impact of the life orientation programme on HIV/AIDS in Gauteng schools - pilot study

    The primary aim of this pilot research was to develop an instrument to evaluate the impact of the Life Orientation Programme (LOP) on sex, sexuality and HIV/AIDS in Gauteng schools at secondary level and if possible at primary level. …

  2. Effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda: results from a non-randomized controlled trial

    While the HIV epidemic is levelling off in sub-Saharan Africa, it remains at an unacceptably high level. Young people aged 15-24 years remain particularly vulnerable, resulting in a regional HIV prevalence of 1.4% in young men and 3.3% in young women. This study assesses the effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda on young people’s sexual behavior, HIV knowledge and attitudes. In a non-randomized longitudinal controlled trial, fourteen schools were selected in two neighboring districts in Rwanda Bugesera (intervention) and Rwamagana (control). …

  3. Impact of school-based HIV prevention program in post-conflict Liberia

    This paper presents findings of a feasibility study to adapt and evaluate the impact of an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention on sexual risk behaviors of in-school 6th grade youth in post-conflict Liberia (n = 812). The study used an attention-matched, group randomized controlled trial. Four matched pairs of elementary/middle schools in Monrovia, Liberia, were randomly assigned to either an adapted eight-module HIV prevention or a general health curriculum. Three- and nine-month impacts of the intervention on sexual risk behaviors and on mediating variables are presented. …

  4. A school-based AIDS education programme for secondary school students in Nigeria: a review of effectiveness

    This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of health education initiatives to increase knowledge and improve attitudes and behaviors in response to rising HIV incidence. In this study, 223 students who received comprehensive health education were compared to 217 control group students who did not receive this education. …

  5. A Multi-level Model of Sexual Behavior among Young people in Nyanza, Kenya

    Using data collected from 3645 sexually active grade 6 and 7 students from 160 schools and applying hierarchical linear models, this study estimates the impact of individual, school and community level variables on condom use among sexually experienced young people in Nyanza, Kenya. Based on the findings, the document recommends that AIDS prevention interventions take account not only of individual-level factors, but also school and community influences on the sexual behaviours of youth.

  6. HIV prevention in young people in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

    This updated review will focus on interventions carried out and/or published from January 2005 - December 2008. Since the first Steady, Ready, Go! (SRG) review was carried out, the results of several major randomized controlled trials of adolescent HIV prevention interventions conducted in Africa have been reported. …

  7. National Family Life and HIV Education: teachers guide in basic science and technology

    This teachers' guide is part of the official Family Life and HIV Education (FLHE) curriculum in Nigeria. It includes sexual health topics from a scientific perspective. The main objective of the guide is to help learners to: (i) develop a positive and factual view of themselves; (ii) acquire the information and skills they need to take care of their health, including preventing HIV; (iii) respect and value themselves and others, and (iv) acquire the skills needed to make healthy decisions about their sexual health and behaviour. …

  8. The impact of individual differences on the willingness of teachers in Mozambique to communicate about HIV/AIDS in schools and communities

    The overall purpose of this study was to understand what factors contribute to teachers' willingness to communicate about HIV/AIDS in the broad educational setting (schools and communities). The study sought to fill the gap in the research on teachers and HIV/AIDS which has typically focused on cataloguing teachers' knowledge and attitudes, but without relating them directly to practice. …

  9. The impact of HIV/AIDS on formal schooling in Uganda

    This study of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector was part of a three country study (Uganda, Malawi and Botswana) and had three broad aims: To assess the strategies being used to educate students about HIV/AIDS in schools To assess the impact on students as orphans, caregivers and those infected with HIV. To assess the impact on teachers as educators and employees.

  10. Systematic review of effectiveness of school-based sexual health interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    Background: The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains of global significance and there is a need to target (a) the adolescent age-groups in which most new infections occur; and (b) sub-Saharan Africa where the greatest burden of the epidemic lies. A focused systematic review of school-based sexual health interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to prevent HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) in this age group was therefore conducted. Methods: Searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, Cinahl and PsychINFO according to agreed a priori criteria for studies published between 1986 and 2006. …

  11. Study on the Impact of the Schools HIV/AIDS Intervention Programme in Swaziland

    The study was especially commissioned to find out the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector. It concentrated on the impact on the population as a whole, and made projections of the numbers of the infected and affected adults. There was no specific information about affected and infected teachers save for the fact that due to the high rate of infections and AIDS related deaths, training of teachers had to be intensified. …

  12. School based peer education program: student baseline report. Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partnerships in Education SHAPE 2

    This report summarizes the findings of a baseline survey of HIV/AIDS and reproductive health (RH) knowledge, attitudes and behavior among youth in a sample of schools participating in the SHAPE 2 Project peer education program directed by World Education, Ghana, in collaboration with the Ghana Education Service and with support from USAID.

  13. School based peer education program: evaluation of SHAPE 1. Strengthening HIV/AIDS Partnerships in Education

    World Education, through its SHAPE 1 program, worked with a consortium of nine Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) to deliver HIV/AIDS education to in-school youth though a peer education program. The program had the goal of providing youth with the education they need to avoid or reduce risk-taking behavior, delay the onset of sexual activity, and if already sexually active, change behavior to reduce risk. …

  14. Reducing HIV Infection among Youth: What Can Schools Do? Key baseline findings from Mexico, South Africa and Thailand

    This report on the baseline data from three countries (Mexico, Thailand and South Africa) provides information on the HIV-prevention needs of school-based youth. It focuses on select key variables including HIV knowledge, attidudes toward people living with HIV/AIDS, confidence in acquiring and using condoms, and reported sexual behaviour. This information and other data obtained from the studies has helped shape the school-based interventions by informing teachers about student needs. It can also be helpful to others planning HIV prevention programmes for youth in similar settings.

  15. Programming for HIV prevention in South African schools: a report on programme implementation

    As national education programs incorporate HIV prevention into school curricula, policymakers and educators need to know what they can expect from these initiatives. …

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