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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. IFMSA policy document: comprehensive sexuality education

    The IFMSA acknowledges the relevance of Comprehensive Sexuality Education for ensuring the respect to sexual and reproductive rights in the different stages of the life cycle. IFMSA believes the inclusion of CSE in the national curricula will help youth to have a healthier sexual and reproductive lives, free from stigma and discrimination. Moreover, the IFMSA condemns gender based violence (GBV), as it poses a serious threat to all genders; so we promote CSE as a powerful tool to attack the roots of GBV since the beginnings of life.

  2. Sexual and reproductive health outcomes are positively associated with comprehensive sexual education exposure in Mexican high-school students

    This paper provides evidence of the potential beneficial effects of CSE on attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors regarding sexual and reproductive health among adolescents. In addition, it identifies areas that should be strengthened to increase the positive impact of CSE.

  3. Parents’ and teachers’ views on sexual health education and screening for sexually transmitted infections among in-school adolescent girls in Kenya: a qualitative study

    Background: To successfully develop and implement school-based sexual health interventions for adolescent girls, such as screening for Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis, it is important to understand parents’ and teachers’ attitudes towards sexual health education and acceptability of sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening interventions. Methods: In this qualitative study, we approached parents and teachers from three high schools to participate in in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus-group discussions (FGDs). …

  4. Adolescent friendly health corners (AFHCS) in selected government health facilities in Bangladesh: an early qualitative assessment. Research report

    With high rates of early marriage, especially among girls, a significant proportion of adolescents in Bangladesh need sexual and reproductive health services (SRH), including contraceptive information and services. Married women, including married adolescents, currently have access to these services through public sector. Unmarried adolescents do not have access to SRH information and services through public sector facilities. …

  5. From paper to practice: sexuality education policies and their implementation in Ghana

    This report provides a detailed snapshot of how the policies related to sexuality education in Ghana are translated into practice and what students, teachers and heads of schools think about them. Data from official documents, key informant interviews and school-based surveys were used to examine how sexuality education programs in three regions were developed, implemented and experienced. …

  6. Generating evidence to meet the sexual and reproductive health needs of students at Kenyatta University and beyond

    This research brief describes two evidence-generation efforts undertaken by the Evidence to Action Project (E2A), of which IntraHealth is a partner, and Kenyatta University, along with support from Pathfinder International, Kenya, from 2015-2016. The first evidence-generation effort involved an assessment of select KU service delivery statistics, and the second was a qualitative research study on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs, attitudes, preferences, and behaviors of KU students. …

  7. Mapping the knowledge and understanding of menarche, menstrual hygiene and menstrual health among adolescent girls in low- and middle-income countries

    This paper maps the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices surrounding menarche, menstrual hygiene and menstrual health among adolescent girls in low and middle income countries in order to inform the future design of relevant policies and programming. The study of over 80 journal articles from a number of low and middle income countries confirmed that: (1) Many adolescent girls start their periods uninformed and unprepared. (2) Mothers are the primary source of information, but they inform girls too-little and too-late and often communicate their own misconceptions. …

  8. Análisis sobre educación sexual integral, conocimientos y actitudes en sexualidad en adolescentes escolarizados: informe final

    El documento describe las características de los programas efectivos (del proceso de desarrollo curricular y del currículo), así como las buenas prácticas en instituciones educativas, y menciona que el enfoque de educación integral en sexualidad basado en un marco de derechos busca dotar a la gente joven de los conocimientos, aptitudes, actitudes y valores indispensables para la determinación y gozo de su sexualidad, tanto física como emocionalmente.

  9. Adolescent boys and young men: engaging them as supporters of gender equality and health and understanding their vulnerabilities

    This study of Adolescent Boys and Young Men highlights the importance of engaging adolescent boys and young men in sexual and reproductive health and rights (srhr) and gender equality. Not only is this engagement essential to achieve the full equality of women and girls, it also positively impacts the lives of men and boys themselves. This paper establishes a conceptual framework for engaging adolescent boys and young men. …

  10. Knowledge, attitude and practices in sexual behaviour and HIV/AIDS in Belize: 2014 country report

    This document reports on the findings of the 2014 national household survey of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice (KAP) in Sexual Behaviour and HIV/AIDS in Belize, among persons 15 to 49 years of age.

  11. Renforcement des capacités des jeunes pour répondre à l’épidémie du VIH/SIDA : rapport d’activités

    Dans le cadre de l’initiative mondiale sur l’Education et le VIH/SIDA (EDUSIDA), le Bureau de l’UNESCO – Bujumbura a conçu le projet « Renforcement des capacités des jeunes pour répondre à l’épidémie du VIH/SIDA sur financement du gouvernement japonais et le plan d’opérationnalisation de ce projet a été signé par le Ministre de l’Education nationale et de la culture et le Représentant de l’UNESCO au Burundi le 13 Mars 2006. …

  12. National student sexual health HIV knowledge, attitude and behaviour survey: focussing on student men who have sex with men at fourteen higher education institutions in South Africa

    The Higher Education and Training HIV/AIDS Programme (HEAIDS), in partnership with Networking HIV/AIDS Community of South Africa (NACOSA) and funded by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria, undertook research among students at higher education institutions (HEIs) in South Africa to explore their knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in relation to sexual health and HIV. The sample comprised both male and female students, and specifically included male students who have sex with men. …

  13. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Samoa

    Young people today are exposed to a wide range of information related to sex and sexuality, most of which is misleading and incorrect. How these issues can be resolved as part of a programme that addresses key issues facing young people, is crucial in addressing related issues such as increased numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancies. Schools have increasingly been identified as safe and unbiased settings to address these issues as places of learning and experiencing peer influence. …

  14. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Palau

    Young people today are exposed to a wide range of information related to sex and sexuality, most of which is misleading and incorrect. How these issues can be resolved as part of a programme that addresses key issues facing young people, is crucial in addressing related issues such as increased numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancies. Schools have increasingly been identified as safe and unbiased settings to address these issues as places of learning and experiencing peer influence. …

  15. Attitudinal survey report on the delivery of HIV and sexual reproductive health education in school settings in Niue

    Young people today are exposed to a wide range of information related to sex and sexuality, most of which is misleading and incorrect. How these issues can be resolved as part of a programme that addresses key issues facing young people, is crucial in addressing related issues such as increased numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancies. Schools have increasingly been identified as safe and unbiased settings to address these issues as places of learning and experiencing peer influence. …

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