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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Self-reported sexual behaviour among adolescent girls in Uganda: reliability of data debated

    The objective of this study was to compare self-reported information about sexual behavior in a research interview to information retrieved during a clinical consultation. Social workers interviewed 595 sexually experienced women below 20 years about genital symptoms and sexual behavior. A midwife interviewed and examined the women and took vaginal samples for gonorrhea and chlamydia. Four questions were embedded in both the social workers' interviews and among the midwife's questions. …

  2. Understanding Women's HIV Risk Perception in Postsocialist Georgia: Role of Knowledge, Behavioral, and Contextual Factors

    This dissertation explores the influences of HIV knowledge, health behaviors, and context-specific socioeconomic and sociocultural factors on HIV perceived risk among women in the Republic of Georgia. For effective HIV/AIDS prevention, individuals who perceive themselves at some risk of contracting HIV are more likely to reduce risk behaviors. Theories of health behavior incorporate perceived risk as an important component of HIV prevention, but they fail to incorporate factors influencing that risk perception. …

  3. Prevenção e Tratamento dos Agravos Resultantes da violência Sexual Contra Mulheres e Adolescentes: Norma Técnica

    O Estado brasileiro, por intermédio do Ministério da Saúde, assumiu o compromisso com os direitos humanos das mulheres e com a garantia do exercício pleno de sua saúde física e mental, por meio da formulação de políticas públicas de saúde que respondam a suas reais necessidades. A atenção à violência sexual e doméstica é objetivo específico da Política Nacional de Atenção Integral à Saúde da Mulher, na qual estão previstas ações de ampliação e acessibilidade das mulheres e adolescentes aos serviços de saúde. …

  4. Sexual risk among orphaned adolescents: is country-level HIV prevalence an important factor?

    Previous studies from sub-Saharan Africa have found that orphans experience increased sexual risk compared to non-orphans. This article developed a theoretical framework for the investigation of determinants of HIV risk and used it to generate specific hypotheses regarding the effect of country-level HIV prevalence on the sexual risk experience of orphans. It expected that countries with high HIV prevalence would experience a higher prevalence of orphanhood. …

  5. Gender relations and sexual communication among female students in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam

    Young women's ability to pursue a safer-sex life in line with their wishes is crucial to their sexual health. Although some previous observations have suggested that young women's lack of ability to negotiate safer sex is due to gender power imbalances in the culture of Vietnam, studies that have tested this hypothesis explicitly and quantitatively are few and far between. The present study aimed to test the association between perceived gender relations and perceived self-efficacy in communicating sexual matters among undergraduate female students in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam. …

  6. Learning About Healthy Living - An Activity Manual for Outreach Workers

    Learning About Healthy Living - An Activity Manual for Outreach Workers is a document developed by Family Health International in Lao PDR and funded by USAID in 2007. The manual illustrates the experiences of outreach workers in Lao PDR. It provides clear guidance for conducting prevention education activities with women (sex workers). It also shows how complex Reproductive Health and HIV prevention information can be successfully presented by outreach volunteers who, in many cases, develop their own materials. …

  7. Project GLOW, Health and Life Planning Skills Curriculum

    Project GLOW, Health and Life Planning Skills Curriculum is a curriculum document developed in 2008 by PATH (Program for Appropriate Technology in Health), Mercy Corps and the Liangshan Yi For Empowerment (LYFE) Center on Project GLOW (Giving Leadership Opportunities to Young Women) with support from the Nike Foundation. The document is prepared for facilitators so they can equip and empower Yi adolescent girls with the life skills, health, and economic options necessary to cope and move beyond the challenges of urban migration and the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic. …

  8. The Questions Adolescents Ask Most Frequently About Pregnancy and Their Answers. Vol 4

    The GTZ supported Reproductive Health Project of Tanzania developed youth-friendly education materials, with basic facts about human physiology and reproduction, sexuality, prevention of unwanted pregnancies and HIV/STIs, as well as about partnership and communication between partners. Based on the most frequently asked questions adolescents had on a range of sexual and reproductive health issues, a multidisciplinary team of specialists together with young people de-veloped six "question-and-answer" booklets. …

  9. Aborting and suspending pregnancy in rural Tanzania: an ethnography of young people's beliefs and pratices

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family Planning" published in December 2008. The objective of this study is to analyse abortion practices and beliefs among adolescents and young adults in Tanzania, where abortion is illegal. From 1999 to 2002, six researchers carried out participant observation in nine villages and conducted group discussions and interviews in three others. Most informants opposed abortion as illegal, immoral, dangerous, or unacceptable without without the man's consent, and many reported that ancestral spirits killed women who aborted clan descendants. …

  10. Women and HIV/AIDS: confronting the crisis

    This report, published by UNIFEM, UNAIDS and UNFPA, is a call to action to address the triple threat of gender inequality, poverty and HIV/AIDS. It highlights the work of the Global Coalition on Women and AIDS, a UNAIDS initiative that supports programmes which mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS on women and girls worldwide. The report focuses on six areas of action: prevention, treatment, caregiving, education, violence and womenÆs rights. Each section outlines key issues and offers examples of where women are leading the way to combat these problems. …

  11. Contraceptive practice in Quirino Province, Philippines: experiences of side effects

    The qualitative research study examines the contraceptive practices and understanding of women in Quirino Province, Philippines that have led many women to discontinue use of contraception even though they do not wish to become pregnant. Three factors are examined for their impact on contraceptive use behaviour; occurrence of side effects, spousal relations, and quality of care.

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