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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV and AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of students and staff at South African technical and vocational education and training colleges in South Africa, 2014

    The present national survey of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours (KAB) of students and staff at technical and vocational education and training (TVET) colleges was the first to be conducted in this sector and served to obtain baseline measures on knowledge, attitudes and behaviour pertaining to HIV and related risk factors. This survey explored HIV/AIDS and related factors that affect the sector and which need to be addressed in order to mitigate the impact of the HIV and TB co-epidemic within it: 1. The overall knowledge, attitudes and behaviours towards HIV/AIDS in the TVET sector; 2. …

  2. Nostalgia: AIDS review 2013

    This AIDS Review is concerned with representations with which we are confronted in our work in HIV and AIDS, in development studies, in the reports of donors and of those who have undertaken research, and by people who have responded to being the subjects of research. "Who is represented, and how, and by whom, and to what end? How do those who are represented respond? Do they accept these images, and how do they respond? …

  3. Hidden from health: structural stigma, sexual orientation concealment, and HIV across 38 countries in the European MSM Internet Survey

    Objective: Substantial country-level variation exists in prejudiced attitudes towards male homosexuality and in the extent to which countries promote the unequal treatment of MSM through discriminatory laws. The impact and underlying mechanisms of country-level stigma on odds of diagnosed HIV, sexual opportunities, and experience of HIV-prevention services, needs and behaviours have rarely been examined, however. Design: Data come from the European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS), which was administered between June and August 2010 across 38 European countries (N = 174 209). …

  4. Education Sector HIV and AIDS Global Progress Survey: Uganda Summary Report

    Uganda Country Report for the 2011-2012 Education Sector HIV and AIDS Global Progress Survey.

  5. Effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda: results from a non-randomized controlled trial

    While the HIV epidemic is levelling off in sub-Saharan Africa, it remains at an unacceptably high level. Young people aged 15-24 years remain particularly vulnerable, resulting in a regional HIV prevalence of 1.4% in young men and 3.3% in young women. This study assesses the effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda on young people’s sexual behavior, HIV knowledge and attitudes. In a non-randomized longitudinal controlled trial, fourteen schools were selected in two neighboring districts in Rwanda Bugesera (intervention) and Rwamagana (control). …

  6. Do stigma, blame and stereotyping contribute to unsafe sexual behaviour? A test of claims about the spread of HIV/AIDS arising from social representation theory and the AIDS risk reduction model

    In the context of social representation theory and the AIDS risk reduction model, it has been claimed that stigmatizing, blaming and stereotyping attitudes make people feel less at risk of contracting HIV/AIDS, and that this, in turn, results in them taking fewer precautions in their sexual behaviour. Previous research has failed to provide convincing evidence to support these claims. The present study provided a test of the claims that addressed some of the methodological issues identified in the earlier research. …

  7. 2008 HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and behavior survey, Jamaica. Report of findings from HIV/AIDS knowledge attitudes and behavior survey, Jamaica 2008

    The Caribbean is second only to sub-Saharan Africa in HIV & AIDS prevalence. Jamaica, the largest island in the English speaking Caribbean island has however been relentless in its efforts to stem the spread of the disease and in 2007 estimated that approximately 1.3% of the adult Jamaican population was infected with two-thirds being unaware of their status. Behavioural surveillance is part of the Ministry of Health's ongoing efforts. …

  8. HIV Risk Factors among Moroccan and Turkish Same-Sex Attracted Youth in Amsterdam

    This report is the outcome of a month-long exploratory study on the main HIV risk factors among Moroccan and Turkish same-sex attracted (SSA) youth in Amsterdam. Data was obtained by way of interviews conducted with five experts, categorized as: academics, sexual and ethnic minority activists, and HIV professionals. Five main risk factors were determined: cultural differences; language barriers; stigma and taboo around sexuality and HIV within Islamic communities; socioeconomic marginalization; and lack of a positive term for same-sex sexual behavior and identity among the target group. …

  9. HIV and AIDS in Azerbaijan: a socio-cultural approach

    This publication presents the full-length review of the current situation of the epidemic in Azerbaijan from a socio-cultural perspective.

  10. Social Discrimination against Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) - Implications for HIV Policy and Programs

    This policy brief provides an overview of social discrimination against gay men and other MSM as it relates to HIV. It also includes recommendations for concerted action and policy development. A review of literature that demonstrates the linkages between homophobia and vulnerability to HIV is presented with related examples. The recommendations are intended for a global audience of advocates, researchers, service providers, public health practitioners, donors and policy makers.

  11. Manual do Formador dos Institutos de Formacao de Professores - Conhecimentos, atitudes, e habilidades para a vida em SSRA, HIV e SIDA atraves de uma abordagem sociocultural

    "Um dos maiores desafios que Moçambique enfrenta neste momento, é de pandemia do HIV e SIDA. Ela não apenas causa dor e sofrimento individual, nas famílias e comunidades, mas causa perda de bem materiais, recursos humanos, pondo assim em perigo todo o progresso adquirido pelo pais desde a sua independência. Infelizmente não existe ainda uma vacina para a prevenção do HIV, assim como também não existe uma cura quando infectado pelo vírus. …

  12. Special needs of in-school HIV positive young people in Uganda

    The objective of this study was to explore the special needs HIV positive young people in primary and secondary schools in Uganda with a view to identifying possible responses by the education sector to these needs. It was implemented by the Population Council in collaboration with the Child Health and Development Centre- Makerere University, The AIDS Support Organization (TASO)- Uganda, and the Ministry of Education- Uganda, through funding from the Ford Foundation. …

  13. Poleznaja Privivka - Uchebnoe posobie po profilaktike VICH/SPIDa dlja 10-11 klassov obscheobrazovatel'noj shkoly. Materjal dlja roditelej.

    This manual, intended for parents of secondary schools' learners (grades 10-11), is part of an HIV and AIDS education programme called "useful inoculation", which was developed within the project "Healthy Russia 2020" and implemented in several schools of five Russian regions. The main aim of this programme is to develop the life skills that will allow learners to prevent from HIV and avoid drug use, and also to show empathy and support towards people living with HIV and AIDS. …

  14. Poleznaja Privivka - uchebnoe posobie po profilaktike VICH/SPIDa dlja 10-11 klassov obscheobrazovatel'noj shkoly. Materjal dlja uchitelja.

    This manual, intended for teachers of secondary schools (grades 10-11) is part of an HIV and AIDS education programme called "useful inoculation", which was developed within the project "Healthy Russia 2020" by the authors of the "Project Hope Russia", and implemented in several schools of five Russian regions. The main aim of this programme is to develop the life skills that will allow learners to prevent from HIV and avoid drug use, and also to show empathy and support towards people living with HIV and AIDS. The present manual is divided into two main parts. …

  15. Voprosy molodezhi Kyrgystana o kontracepcii i besplodii i otvety na nix. Vol. 6

    This document is the sixth volume in a series of eight "question and answer" booklets developed in Kyrgyzstan by UNICEF and the GTZ. Similar booklets have been initially developed by GTZ in Tanzania and then adapted to different countries. The present series consists of an adaptation to the needs and cultural context of Kyrgyzstan, based on a survey realized among Kyrgyz adolescents. It is designed to provide young people with the necessary knowledge to make healthy choices for themselves and their peers. …

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