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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A critical review of the evidence on the effectiveness of HIV/AIDS education programs for youth in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This paper critically examines the evidence from recent experimental design evaluations on the impact of HIV/AIDS prevention through youth education programs in sub-Saharan Africa. It pre-specifies the study inclusion criteria, the search strategy and the methods for summarizing findings. This paper also identifies recurring flaws in the research and suggests several methods for avoiding these shortcomings in future studies. Our initial search produced 139 potential articles for review, but only six met the pre-stated study inclusion criteria. …

  2. Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household surevy

    Objectives: To determine the prevalence of HIV infection, HIV risk factors, and exposure to national HIV prevention programs, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection among South African youth, aged 15–24 years. Design: A cross-sectional, nationally representative, household survey. Methods: From March to August 2003 we conducted a national survey of HIV prevalence and sexual behavior among 11 904 15–24 year olds. Multivariable models for HIV infection were restricted to sexually experienced youth. …

  3. Using mass media to influence Vietnamese youth: TV spots hit the target!

    The HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Youth project, funded by the Asian Development Bank and the Government of Vietnam, relies on the synergistic use of mass media and interpersonal communication interventions to reach and influence young Vietnamese. The project’s mass media strategy is built around the coordinated and reinforcing use of a television drama series, radio phone–in programmes, radio spots, youth–focused documentaries and television spots. …

  4. Applying the Research / Researching the Applied

    The conference programme was driven by the presentation of applied case experiences on the following topics: 1. Evaluating HIV/TB/STI prevention projects (e.g. Peer Education, HIV and TB testing, treatment), 2. Approaching HIV as an issue of transformation, diversity and inclusivity (including stigma, sexual orientation and gender), 3. Integrating HIV and AIDS into socially responsive core curricula: Lessons from innovative collaborations in Higher Education, 4. …

  5. Young people's perspectives on the adoption of preventive measures for HIV/AIDS, malaria and family planning in South-West Uganda: focus group study

    The aim of the study was to explore young people's understanding and knowledge about why protective measures against HIV/AIDS, malaria and unplanned pregnancy are not taken by those at risk in Uganda. The study results were that the participants (all from secondary school in Kanungu Uganda) could identify reasons why preventive action was not taken. These reasons included misconceptions, the inpracticability of abstinence, and fear of side effects of several key interventions. The article argues that there is an apportunity to improve preventive measures by tackling these issues. …

  6. National HIV behaviour change communication and advocacy strategy 2011-2015

    In line with the National Strategic Plan on HIV 2011-2015, the goal of the BCC and Advocacy strategy is: To increase the effectiveness, coordination and comprehensiveness of BCC and advocacy interventions on HIV in Sierra Leone by 2015. …

  7. Addressing sexual violence and HIV risk among married adolescent girls in rural Nyanza, Kenya

    HIV infection is much higher among adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa than among boys. In settings such as Nyanza Province, Kenya, rates of HIV infection are extremely high, and evidence is increasing in some settings that girls who are married are much more likely to be infected with HIV, compared with their unmarried sexually active counterparts. This brief describes a program addressing the problem of sexual violence and the risk of HIV transmission within marriage in Kenya's Nyanza Province. …

  8. HIV prevention interventions in Trinidad and Tobago: mapping of work conducted in HIV prevention from 2004-2010

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) continues to be a major public health concern in Trinidad and Tobago. In keeping with the UNAIDS global thrust of examining HIV prevention in order to halt HIV transmission and "Scale-Up" the response, Trinidad and Tobago has conducted a review of its HIV prevention efforts for the period 2004-2010 to guide the way forward in HIV prevention.

  9. Reproductive health communication strategy implementation guide for family planning, adolescent and youth sexuality reproductive health rights, and maternal, neonatal, and child health 2010-2012

    Family planning (FP), maternal, and child health (MNH), and sexual and reproductive health for adolescents and youth are fundamental elements of the RH Communication Strategy for Kenya (2010-2012). These are key areas to address for Kenya to make progress on Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Vision 2030. Recently, the Government of Kenya (GOK) and donors agreed to bolster RH/FP programs and services to ensure the country meets the goals ahead, including the 2015 target set by the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation of increasing contraceptive prevalence from 46% to 56%. …

  10. Stratégie nationale de communication pour le changement de comportements en matière des IST, VIH et SIDA au Togo 2011-2015

    La Stratégie Nationale de Communication pour le Changement de Comportement en matière des IST, VIH et sida au Togo est un instrument de référence conçu pour contribuer à l’accélération de la prévention contre le VIH avec la promotion de comportements positifs, et contenu dans la planification nationale. Dans le plan stratégique quadriennale 2007-2010, figure en bonne place, le renforcement des services de prévention de l’infection à VIH qui inclut la communication pour le changement de comportement. …

  11. Peer education - outreach, communication and negotiation. Training Module

    Behaviour change communication (which includes peer education and interpersonal communication) have a crucial role to play in STI / HIV control, because access to information, health education, knowledge and skills are essential for STI/HIV control. This training manual describes ways in which NGOs may design, deliver and manage training programmes for peer educators in specific and how to run an effective peer-education component in general. …

  12. Document of the best practices in the area of HIV prevention from 2006 to September 2009

    Success stories presented in this report should help the Government, stakeholders and service providers to be more efficient in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The present document describes five best practices selected among the 30 interventions. The first case presented in this document is the intervention implemented in Nyamagabe District. This focuses on sensitization of PAGOR project beneficiaries on HIV/AIDS. This intervention enabled beneficiaries to go for HIV test and led to the adoption of responsible behavior vis-à-vis HIV/ AIDS. …

  13. Scrutinize campaign: a youth HIV prevention campaign addressing multiple and concurrent partnerships

    Launched on South African television in June 2008, the Scrutinize Campaign was a year-long series of HIV prevention ads targeting multiple and concurrent sexual partnerships. Irreverent and humorous, with strong, colorful visuals, the campaign's ads were markedly different from previous South African HIV prevention campaigns for youth. Rather than telling the audience what to do, the Scrutinize campaign messaging encouraged those in the audience to scrutinize their own behavior, resulting in dramatic uptake of key HIV prevention messages.

  14. HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and practices of young people in Cross River State and Kogi State, Nigeria

    Communication for Change (C-Change) works around the world to improve the effectiveness and sustainability of social and behavior change communication (SBCC) across program areas, including health, environment, economic growth and poverty alleviation, and democracy and governance. In Nigeria, C-Change supports health and HIV prevention objectives of the USAID Mission. The project is building SBCC capacity for country-driven interventions that aim to prevent new HIV infections, reduce HIV prevalence among high-risk groups, and stabilize HIV prevalence within the general population. …

  15. Regional consultation on youth and HIV/AIDS: mobilizing youth for behaviour change

    The aim of the workshop was to provide a follow-up forum for the BIG7 Alliance from the Nairobi cluster countries after the Pan-African Youth Forum in Dakar, Senegal, and to give them the opportunity to not only finalize their national action plans for HIV/AIDS prevention but also to identify regional needs and priorities that could be considered for prevention and mitigation of the impact of HIV/AIDS among young people in the region. The consultation brought together over 40 young participants from Burundi, Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda. …

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