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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. West African youth initiative: Outcome of a reproductive health education program

    Purpose: To describe the implementation and evaluation of an adolescent reproductive health peer education program in West Africa. The program, known as the West African Youth Initiative (WAYI), was developed to improve knowledge of sexuality and reproductive health, and promote safer sex behaviors and contraceptive use among sexually active adolescents in Nigeria and Ghana. …

  2. HIV sero-behavioural study in six universities in Uganda

    There is inadequate information on the burden of HIV infection, and on the prevalence of the risk factors for HIV transmission among University students in Uganda. Routine sources of data such as HIV surveillance and national population-based AIDS Indicator surveys do not provide information on institutional populations such as University students. Moreover, these sub-populations require interventions to address the risk factors that expose them to HIV infection in their unique settings. …

  3. HIV sero-behavioural study in six universities in Kenya

    Universities and institutions of higher learning in general consist mainly of young people in the 17-24 year old category, most of whom are sexually active, and therefore most vulnerable to HIV infection. And though studies such as KAIS (2007) and KDHS (2003, 2008) have been conducted on the general Kenyan population, studies specific to institutions of higher learning are scanty, in particular, sero-prevalence data on this target group is lacking. …

  4. Reproductive health communication strategy implementation guide for family planning, adolescent and youth sexuality reproductive health rights, and maternal, neonatal, and child health 2010-2012

    Family planning (FP), maternal, and child health (MNH), and sexual and reproductive health for adolescents and youth are fundamental elements of the RH Communication Strategy for Kenya (2010-2012). These are key areas to address for Kenya to make progress on Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Vision 2030. Recently, the Government of Kenya (GOK) and donors agreed to bolster RH/FP programs and services to ensure the country meets the goals ahead, including the 2015 target set by the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation of increasing contraceptive prevalence from 46% to 56%. …

  5. The impact of television and radio on reproductive behavior and on HIV/AIDS knowledge and behavior

    This is a study of the association of radio and television exposure with different aspects of reproductive behavior and with knowledge, attitudes, and behavior in connection with HIV/AIDS. The measures of mass media are limited to the frequency that women and men report listening to the radio and watching television, which are standard questions in the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). Only the frequency is assessed; the DHS does not obtain information on programmatic content. …

  6. A multi-sectoral approach to providing reproductive health and information services to young people in Western Kenya: Kenya Adolescent Reproductive Health Project

    Informing adolescents about appropriate and acceptable behaviours, and ways to protect themselves against unwanted and unprotected sex, has proved problematic in Kenya. Education programmes for in and out of school adolescents are lacking, there is controversy around providing services to sexually active adolescents, and a pervasive concern that sexuality education and contraceptive services leads to promiscuity. …

  7. HIV sero-behavioural study in six universities in Tanzania

    While Tanzania is taking measures to curb the HIV and AIDS pandemic - including limiting its transmission and minimizing its impact, addressing such transmission among mobile populations such as students and staff of Higher Learning Institutions remains a challenge. Available information shows that a number of daunting challenges face Universities in Tanzania in designing and implementing effective responses to HIV and AIDS. First is the fact that little is known about the vulnerability, prevalence, impact and situation of HIV and AIDS in most of these institutions. …

  8. The Questions Adolescents Ask Most Frequently About HIV/AIDS and the New Generation and their Answers. Vol. 6

    The GTZ supported Reproductive Health Project of Tanzania developed youth-friendly education materials, with basic facts about human physiology and reproduction, sexuality, prevention of unwanted pregnancies and HIV/STIs, as well as about partnership and communication between partners. Based on the most frequently asked questions adolescents had on a range of sexual and reproductive health issues, a multidisciplinary team of specialists together with young people de-veloped six "question-and-answer" booklets. …

  9. The Questions Adolescents Ask Most Frequently About Healthy Relationships and Their Answers. Vol. 5

    The GTZ supported Reproductive Health Project of Tanzania developed youth-friendly education materials, with basic facts about human physiology and reproduction, sexuality, prevention of unwanted pregnancies and HIV/STIs, as well as about partnership and communication between partners. Based on the most frequently asked questions adolescents had on a range of sexual and reproductive health issues, a multidisciplinary team of specialists together with young people de-veloped six "question-and-answer" booklets. …

  10. Our future: sexuality and life skills education for young people. Grades 8-9

    This toolkit shares the experiences of a project on sexuality and life skills led by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance started in 2003. The toolkit is based on a number of workshops and discussions with teachers and students. Throughout the development of the toolkit, students contributed questions, stories, problem letters and pictures. The result is a series of three books developed with teachers and learners in Grades 4 to 9 from 14 schools in the Chipata District of Zambia. …

  11. Girls' Power Initiative. Training manual. Level 3. Adolescent Sexuality, sexual and reproductive health and rights

    This document is a training manual designed to help facilitators to provide sexuality education (human sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, rights and responsibilities). This training manual (level 3) was produced and revised by Girl's power initiative (GPI), a Nigerian NGO in 2003. …

  12. Guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education in Nigeria

    These guidelines present a comprehensive approach to sexuality education, encompassing the key components of a broad definition of sexuality including: sexual development, reproductive health, interpersonal relationships, affection, intimacy, body image and gender roles. The guidelines answer basic questions that educators, policymakers and others need to address when they design or evaluate a comprehensive approach to sexuality education. They provide a framework for developing sexuality education curricula, textbooks and programmes, as well as for evaluating existing programmes. …

  13. Pregnancy-related school dropout and prior school performance in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family planning", special issue on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive health in sub-Saharan Africa, published in December 2008. This study uses data from KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa to examine the factors associated with schoolgirl pregnancy and subsequent educational pathways. …

  14. Aborting and suspending pregnancy in rural Tanzania: an ethnography of young people's beliefs and pratices

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family Planning" published in December 2008. The objective of this study is to analyse abortion practices and beliefs among adolescents and young adults in Tanzania, where abortion is illegal. From 1999 to 2002, six researchers carried out participant observation in nine villages and conducted group discussions and interviews in three others. Most informants opposed abortion as illegal, immoral, dangerous, or unacceptable without without the man's consent, and many reported that ancestral spirits killed women who aborted clan descendants. …

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