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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Inviting Backchat: How schools and communities in Ghana, Swaziland and Kenya support children to contextualise knowledge and create agency through sexuality education

    Education about sex, relationships and HIV and AIDS in African contexts is riddled with socio-cultural complexity. In this paper the authors argue that in extreme contexts education can lead change further by developing young people as significant actors in their own lives and in the lives of the community by bringing about change in attitudes in the community, as well as practices in schools. …

  2. Men, masculinities and HIV/AIDS: strategies for action

    The purpose of this paper is to provide practical guidance to policymakers and program managers on how to engage men and address harmful male norms in seven key areas of intervention in relation to HIV/AIDS: 1 Social and Behaviour Change in Men; 2 Violence against women; 3 Men, Sex Work and Transactional Sex; 4 Men, Substance abuse and HIV/AIDS; 5 Male Circumcision; 6 Men, VCT and Treatment; 7 Male Norms and the Caregiving for People Living with and Affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  3. Stay healthy: a gender-transformative HIV prevention curriculum for youth in Namibia

    The overall goal of Stay Healthy: A Gender-Transformative HIV Prevention Curriculum for Youth in Namibia is to prevent HIV infection among Namibian youth aged 13-18. Stay Healthy focuses on changing three key behaviors directly related to HIV infection by accomplishing the following: (1) delaying the onset of sexual intercourse, (2) increasing the correct and consistent use of the male condom among sexually active youth, and (3) decreasing multiple concurrent partners among sexually active youth. …

  4. Primary health and Family Life Education (H.F.L.E.) Curriculum

    This "Primary Health and Family Life Education Curriculum" was approved and edited by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago in 2006. It focuses on the development of Life Skills making children psycho-socially competent, assisting them in acquiring proper attitudes, morals and values. The document has a direct focus on an integrated approach to curriculum delivery, in which the teacher is not unduly restricted by the subject content. …

  5. Girls Speak: A New Voice in Global Development

    Girls Speak: A New Voice in Global Development is part of a series of reports on investing in adolescent girls in the developing world. This report examines qualitative data on what girls say about their aspirations across different settings and contexts. From a girl's perspective, policies and programs need to address the harmful social norms that constrain her role and opportunities in society, and provide a greater vision for her life. In their own words, girls are saying that the context and environment that shapes their lives - how they live and what they aspire to - must be addressed. …

  6. National Students' Conference report

    Students and Youths Working on Reproductive Health Action Team (SAYWHAT) hosted 60 students from 30 tertiary institutions during its 4th National Students Conference from the 16th to the 18th of December 2009 under the theme "Healthy Students for a prosperous Nation". …

  7. Rethinking how to prevent HIV in young people: evidence from two large randomised controlled trials in Tanzania and Zimbabwe

    The MEMA kwa Vijana (Tanzania) and Regai Dzive Shiri (Zimbabwe) adolescent sexual and reproductive health intervention trials focused on developing skills and changing attitudes and self-efficacy to change behaviours. The trials show a clear gap between young people's knowledge, and their reported attitudes and behaviour. …

  8. PIASCY: helping pupils to stay safe (P5-P7), a handbook for teachers

    The Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth (PIASCY) is a strategy introduced by the Ministry of Education and Sports in Uganda, aimed at helping teachers to provide accurate information to young people, who are at great risk. It was initiated to encourage openness amongst teachers and students and to equip youngsters to confront HIV and AIDS through sex education. …

  9. How to bridge the gap between us? Gender and sexual safety

    This booklet aims to provoke discussions about gender issues; to stimulate questions about attitudes of men and women and to provide some practical information about some aspects of sexual safety that is required for today's young people to live 'safer tomorrows.' It was written by teenagers for teenagers, aged 15 to 17, from Russian and Estonian schools in Estonia, who took part in workshops run by "Living for Tomorrow" (a pilot action/research project of the Nordic Institute for Women's Studies and Gender Research). …

  10. Breaking the silence, Namibia

    This booklet is one of a series prepared during the UNESCO training workshops to produce gender-sensitive materials for HIV and AIDS prevention for Southern African countries. The gender theme that is integrated into this post-literacy material allows for the recognition of local conditions, values, attitudes, beliefs, dreams and aspirations. …

  11. VIH/SIDA et système éducatif. Fenêtre sur l'éducation Cameroun

    Le Bureau de l'UNESCO de Yaoundé, impliqué, avec l'ensemble des partenaires au développement du Cameroun, dans l'évaluation du Plan national stratégique de lutte contre le SIDA (PNS 2001-2005) et dans la préparation du nouveau Plan stratégique quinquennal (2006-2010), a initié cette étude dans le cadre du groupe thématique ONUSIDA. L' étude est apparue comme une nécessité d'autant que chacun s'accorde désormais pour considérer l'éducation comme un instrument à la fois majeur et indispensable de prévention. …

  12. Promoting more gender-equitable norms and behaviors among young men as an HIV/AIDS prevention strategy

    Few interventions to promote gender-equitable behavior among young men have been systematically implemented or evaluated, and relatively little is known about how best to measure changes in gender norms and their effect on HIV/STI protective and risk behaviors. To address these gaps, the Horizons Program and Instituto Promundo, with support from USAID, SSL International, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and JohnSnowBrasil, examined the effectiveness of interventions designed to improve young men's attitudes toward gender norms and to reduce HIV/STI risk.

  13. HIV/AIDS and sex education among the youth in Zambia: towards behavioural change

    This article addresses how sex education in Zambia has changed over the course of time, particularly due to the spread of HIV/AIDS. The article is based on fieldwork conducted by the author in Zambia during six periodsbetween 1992 and 2003, and additional literature on HIV/AIDS education. The research conducted by the author between 1992 and 2001 focused primarily on female initiation rites, while that of 2002-2003 focused on the knowledge of HIV/AIDS among Zambian youth and how the knowledge is passed on by teachers at primary schools, but also by health workers, peer educators, and parents. …

  14. Gender and post-literacy: a non-formal education approach to HIV/AIDS prevention

    The HIV infection rate in Southern Africa is among the highest in the world. Despite the availability of information on the AIDS pandemic, people are still not changing their behaviour said Elizabeth Lwange of UNDP, Mbabane. From 5 to 14 February 2001, UNESCO organized a handson awareness-raising workshop in Mbabane, Swaziland for education, health care and communication professionals from Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe to assist them in preparing post-literacy materials aimed at helping people, changing their behaviour towards practicing safe sex, and ultimately saving their lives. …

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