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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National strategic framework for HIV and AIDS response in Namibia 2010/11 – 2015/16

    The National Strategic Framework (NSF) for HIV and AIDS 2010/11 -2015/16 succeeds the MTP-III that came to an end in March 2010. The framework provides strategic policy, planning and implementation guidance and leadership for the national HIV and AIDS multi-sectoral response. The national response is premised on the understanding that HIV and AIDS remains the greatest socioeconomic development challenge in Namibia. The NSF marks a paradigm shift for the national response from doing “business as usual” to evidence and results based multi-sectoral and decentralised planning. …

  2. Antiretroviral drug access and behavior change

    Access to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs in Sub-Saharan Africa has rapidly expanded - from fewer than 10,000 people treated in 2000 to more than 8 million in 2011. To measure the impact of this expansion, it is necessary to identify the behavioral response of individuals to drug access. This paper combines geocoded information about the timing of introduction of ARVs in all Kenyan health facilities with two waves of geocoded population surveys to estimate the impact of proximity to an ARV provider on risky sexual behavior. …

  3. Paying to prevent HIV infection in young women?

    Between a quarter and a third of young women in sub-Saharan Africa are infected with HIV by the time they reach their early 20s. Structural factors such as poor education, poverty, and gender and power inequalities are important determinants of young women’s vulnerability to HIV infection. In The Lancet, Sarah Baird and colleagues report the results of a randomised controlled trial done with adolescent girls in rural Malawi, examining the effects of a cash transfer programme on risk of HIV infection. …

  4. University students and HIV in Namibia: an HIV prevalence survey and a knowledge and attitude survey

    With an overall adult HIV prevalence of 15.3%, Namibia is facing one of the largest HIV epidemics in Africa. Young people aged 20 to 34 years constitute one of the groups at highest risk of HIV infection in Namibia. However, little is known about the impact of HIV on this group and its access to healthcare. The purpose of this study was to estimate HIV prevalence, to assess the knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS, and to assess access to healthcare among university students in Namibia.

  5. Courage and Hope. African teachers living positively with HIV

    122,000 teachers in sub-Saharan Africa are estimated to be living with HIV, most of who do not know their status. Stigma remains their greatest challenge. In 2007, a network of African journalists compiled a book entitled “Courage and Hope” telling the first-hand stories of African teachers who are HIV positive and living healthy, active lives as teachers. This film shows some of the stories those journalists discovered. The teachers went through stigma and discrimination and each used their experience to teach a new generation of teachers, what it means to live positively.

  6. Lutte contre la stigmatisation et la discrimination des personnes vivant avec le VIH/SIDA au moyen de l'éducation non formelle dans les communes de Koilokoro et de Banamba en République du Mali

    L'éducation non formelle peut-elle être un moyen de lutte efficace contre la stigmatisation et la discrimination des personnes vivant avec le VIH/SIDA dans les localités de Koulikoro et de Banamba ? A cette interrogation se rattache une série de questions : Pourquoi les personnes vivant avec le VIH/SIDA souffrent-elles de stigmatisation et de discrimination ? Ce phénomène est-il spécifiquement lié au VIH/SIDA ou est-il le fait des rapports entre une collectivité et une minorité de la société ? …

  7. Breaking barriers for orphans and vulnerable children in Kenya

    Breaking Barriers (BB) Project in Kenya was implemented by four partners supported by Plan. The project focus is support, prevention, treatment and care; education, food and nutritional support, school materials and encouragement for orphans and vulnerable children to complete basic education and facilitate access to income generating opportunities. …

  8. Au Nom de l'Amour

    Réaliser par Jérose Eloundou dans la ville de Yaoundé et ses environs "Au Nom de l'Amour" est la traduction en images et en son des préoccupations actuelles de la société camerounaise, face aux erreurs de la jeunesse et la pandémie du SIDA. Cette oeuvre cinématographique interpelle plus d'un congénère, au regard des maux qu'elle revèle. Ce court métrage éducatif est une contribution à la lutte contre la stigmatisation et la discrimination des personnes vivant avec le virus de l'immunodificience humaine.

  9. National Students' Conference report

    Students and Youths Working on Reproductive Health Action Team (SAYWHAT) hosted 60 students from 30 tertiary institutions during its 4th National Students Conference from the 16th to the 18th of December 2009 under the theme "Healthy Students for a prosperous Nation". …

  10. Zimbabwe national behavioural change strategy for the prevention of sexual transmission of HIV 2006-2010

    The Zimbabwe National Behavioural Change (BC) Strategy is a multisectoral framework to reduce sexual transmission of HIV by promoting responsible practices. Comprehensive epidemiological and behavioural reviews form the basis of this strategy. They found that HIV prevalence had declined in Zimbabwe and that behavioural change including partner reduction and increased condom use had already started. At the same time, multiple concurrent partnerships and a number of related practices were still seen as key drivers of the epidemic. …

  11. Interim strategic plan for multi-sectoral for HIV response in Ethiopia (2009-2010/11)

    This Interim SPM covers only the period 2009-2010 in order to create opportunities to align strategies with other major sector (HSDP) and development (PASDEP) plans which also end in 2010. During the interim period, multi-sectoral actors at all levels working on HIV issues are expected to develop and implement their respective plans based on this SPM. During the Interim period a number of structural changes within the sector will be given chance to settle. A number of planned national surveys will also provide more accurate information to develop a five-year plan.

  12. Malawi National HIV/AIDS Action Framework (2005-2009)

    The National HIV/AIDS Action Framework (NAF) for Malawi was developed to cover the period 2005-2009 and it is based on the findings of the End of Term (ETR) review of the National Strategic Framework (NSF) for HIV/AIDS that guided the response from 2000-2004. This NAF was carried out using a highly participatory and nationwide consultative approach under eight pillars. …

  13. Integrating Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV and AIDS interventions: A Compendium of programs in Africa

    The public health and international development communities have known for nearly two decades that gender - the way in which societies define acceptable roles, responsibilities, and behaviors of women and men - strongly influences how HIV spreads and how people respond to the epidemic. Because of the interrelated factors that contribute to HIV infection, there is growing recognition that using multiple approaches in HIV and AIDS programming is more effective than single strategies. …

  14. Malawi HIV and AIDS Extended National Action Framework (NAF), 2010-2012

    The Malawi Extended National HIV and AIDS Action Framework (NAF) for the period 2010 to 2012 follows the NAF 2005 to 2009, and harmonises the national HIV and AIDS response with the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (MGDS). The goals of the Extended NAF are: to prevent the spread of HIV infection among Malawians; provide access to treatment to People Living with HIV; and mitigate the health, socio-economic and psychosocial impacts of HIV and AIDS on individuals, families, communities and the nation. The extended NAF has 7 priority areas as listed below: 1. …

  15. A Handbook For AIDS Awareness Activities For Clubs

    This manual was designed to support the GRN-UNICEF Youth Health and Development Programme with the aim of sustaining My Future is My Choice graduates and other young people's peer education activities. It was written and reviewed in a three-day workshop in November 1999 and in the following weeks with assistance from participating organizations including AIDS Care Trust, Catholic AIDS action, the National Youth Council of Namibia, Polytechnic of Namibia, the University of Namibia and UNICEF. It was revised by UNICEF Namibia in July 2001. …

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