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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Strategic plan for HIV/AIDS and STD prevention and care 2004-2007

    The purpose of this Strategic Plan is to be a framework for: identifying medium-term, coherent and cohesive, cost-effective plans for shaping the response to HIV/AIDS and STIs; the preparation of annual operational plans for implementation; identification of resource needs, and gaps in available resources, both human and financial; formulating requests for assistance, that match donors' priorities and mandates, but also fit with the needs and priorities of the Government of Cambodia; coordination of activities, plans, strategies and resources of all kinds from all sources. …

  2. Kenya fast-track plan to end HIV and AIDS along adolescents and young people

    Goal: To fast-track the HIV response to end new HIV infections, AIDS related deaths and stigma and discrimination in adolescents and young people. Objectives of this fast-track plan: 1. To reduce new HIV infections among adolescents and young people by 40%; 2. To reduce AIDS related deaths among adolescent and young people by 15%; 3. To reduce stigma and discrimination by 25%. Target beneficiaries: The target beneficiary populations are adolescent boys and girls aged 10 – 19 years and young people, particularly women, aged 20 – 24 years. …

  3. National HIV and AIDS health sector research and evaluation agenda (2011-2015)

    The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW) through the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) has developed a National HIV and AIDS Health Sector Research and Evaluation Agenda (NHAREA) that outlines HIV and AIDS health research and evaluation priorities for the next 5 years (2011-2015). For the first time, this Agenda includes evaluation priorities aimed at objectively reviewing the different HIV interventions that are currently in place to establish those that are both efficacious and cost effective. …

  4. New outcomes for sexual health promotion

    Numerous definitions of sexual health have been developed over the past few years. Perhaps the best known and most widely accepted of them is the World Health Organization’s (WHO) working definition, which reads as follows: ". . . a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity. …

  5. Operacionalização do PEN III. Plano operacional de comunicação em HIV e SIDA / 2012

    O Plano Operacional de Comunicação em HIV/SIDA é relativo aos anos 2011 e 2012. Este plano e as matrizes em anexo permitem uma melhor coordenação entre os intervenientes na Resposta ao HIV/SIDA, é um instrumento para criar interligações entre os actores chave, identificar esforços e lacunas, parceiros locais, nacionais e internacionais, tendo em vista uma comunicação eficaz e com impacto. O plano foi elaborado à luz dos documentos estratégicos da Resposta Nacional ao HIV e SIDA.

  6. Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household surevy

    Objectives: To determine the prevalence of HIV infection, HIV risk factors, and exposure to national HIV prevention programs, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection among South African youth, aged 15–24 years. Design: A cross-sectional, nationally representative, household survey. Methods: From March to August 2003 we conducted a national survey of HIV prevalence and sexual behavior among 11 904 15–24 year olds. Multivariable models for HIV infection were restricted to sexually experienced youth. …

  7. National strategic framework for HIV and AIDS response in Namibia 2010/11 – 2015/16

    The National Strategic Framework (NSF) for HIV and AIDS 2010/11 -2015/16 succeeds the MTP-III that came to an end in March 2010. The framework provides strategic policy, planning and implementation guidance and leadership for the national HIV and AIDS multi-sectoral response. The national response is premised on the understanding that HIV and AIDS remains the greatest socioeconomic development challenge in Namibia. The NSF marks a paradigm shift for the national response from doing “business as usual” to evidence and results based multi-sectoral and decentralised planning. …

  8. University students and HIV in Namibia: an HIV prevalence survey and a knowledge and attitude survey

    With an overall adult HIV prevalence of 15.3%, Namibia is facing one of the largest HIV epidemics in Africa. Young people aged 20 to 34 years constitute one of the groups at highest risk of HIV infection in Namibia. However, little is known about the impact of HIV on this group and its access to healthcare. The purpose of this study was to estimate HIV prevalence, to assess the knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS, and to assess access to healthcare among university students in Namibia.

  9. The impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex and STD/HIV education programs on adolescent sexual behavior

    In an effort to reduce unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease (STD) in adolescents, both abstinence and comprehensive sex and STD/HIV education programs have been proffered. Based on specified criteria, the author searched for and reviewed 56 studies that assessed the impact of such curricula (8 that evaluated 9 abstinence programs and 48 that evaluated comprehensive programs) on adolescents’ sexual behavior. Study results indicated that most abstinence programs did not delay initiation of sex and only 3 of 9 had any significant positive effects on any sexual behavior. …

  10. Dating violence among school students in Tanzania and South Africa: prevalence and socio-demographic variations

    Aims: To identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. …

  11. ICMH Report: Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practices Survey

    The survey grew out of a concern about the impact of rapid social change on life and health in Albania and in particular its possible consequences for HIV/AIDS. The survey used the Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practices (KABP) approach developed by Dr Manuel Carballo and colleagues in the WHO Global Programme on AIDS in 1988. Since that time KABP surveys have gone on to be used in a variety of forms in many parts of the world, and have been especially applied to health and health-related behavior

  12. What Happened in Uganda? Declining HIV prevalence, Behavior Change, and the National Response

    This document is not intended to provide a definite explanation for Uganda's AIDS prevention successes during the 1980s and 1990s. Rather, it is a synthesis of presentations made in February 2002 at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) by four individuals with long-term experience in HIV prevention in Africa. USAID commissioned a summary document synthesising the ideas presented by these researchers. …

  13. Nelson Mandela/HSRC Study of HIV/AIDS: South African National HIV Prevalence, Behavioural Risks and Mass Media. Household Survey 2002

    Accurate information on national prevalence, improved understanding of the sociocultural context in which the epidemic occurs, and the relative impact of interventions, are key to mounting an effective response to the epidemic. …

  14. Educational attainment and HIV-1 infection in developing countries: a systematic review

    Objectives: To assess whether educational status is associated with HIV-1 infection in developing countries by conducting a systematic review of published literature. Methods: Articles were identified through electronic databases and hand searching key journals. …

  15. Trends in HIV incidence and prevalence: natural course of the epidemic or results of behavioural change?

    Ce document analyse la validité et l'interprétation des tendances observées sur l'incidence et la prévalence du VIH ; il développe une meilleure compréhension des modèles épidémiologiques et génère des orientations pour évaluer les changements observés.

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